Shiveluch

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Shiveluch
Shiveluch - 10 July 2007 - iss015e16913 edit.jpg
Shiveluch from space, July 2007.
Elevation 3,307 m (10,850 ft)[1]
Prominence 3,168 m (10,394 ft)[1]
Ranked 73rd
Listing Ultra
Location
Shiveluch is located in Far Eastern Federal District
Shiveluch
Shiveluch
Location in Russian Far East
Location Kamchatka, Russia
Coordinates 56°39′12″N 161°21′42″E / 56.65333°N 161.36167°E / 56.65333; 161.36167Coordinates: 56°39′12″N 161°21′42″E / 56.65333°N 161.36167°E / 56.65333; 161.36167[1]
Geology
Type Stratovolcano (active)
Last eruption 1999 to 2014 (ongoing)
Climbing
Easiest route basic rock/snow climb

Shiveluch (Russian: Шивелуч) is the northernmost active volcano in Kamchatka Krai, Russia. It is sometimes called Sheveluch (Шевелуч) or Sopka Shiveluch. It and Karymsky are Kamchatka's largest and most hyperactive volcanoes.

History[edit]

Shiveluch began forming about 60,000 to 70,000 years ago, and it has had at least 60 large eruptions during the Holocene.[2] During this era, the most intense period of volcanism — including frequent large and moderate eruptions — occurred around 6500–6400 BC, 2250–2000 BC, and AD 50–650. This coincides with the peak of activity in other Kamchatka volcanoes. The current active period started around 900 BC. Since then, the large and moderate eruptions has been following each other in 50–400 year-long intervals.[3] Catastrophic eruptions took place in 1854 and 1956, when a large part of the lava dome collapsed and created a devastating debris avalanche.[4]

The most recent eruption of Young Shiveluch started on August 15, 1999, and continues as of 2014.[2]

Characteristics[edit]

Terrain map of central Kamchatka Peninsula showing location of Shiveluch.

Shiveluch belongs to the Kliuchevskaya volcano group.[4] There are three elements of the volcano: the stratovolcano Old Shiveluch (Старый Шивелуч); an ancient caldera; and the active Young Shiveluch (Молодой Шивелуч), with an elevation of about 2,800 metres (9,186 ft).[5] Shiveluch is one of Kamchatka's largest and most active volcanic structures.[2] It is a stratovolcano composed of alternating layers of solidified ash, hardened lava and volcanic rocks.[6]

The nearest settlement from the volcano is Klyuchi, situated 50 km from the mountain.[7] The settlement is small enough to evacuate rapidly in case of a major eruption.[4]

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Kamchatka high-prominence peaks on peaklist.org
  2. ^ a b c Global Volcanism Program
  3. ^ "Holocene Eruptive History of Shiveluch Volcano, Kamchatka Peninsula, Russia". Geophysical monograph. 2007. Retrieved 2009-09-20. 
  4. ^ a b c "Kamchatka volcano Shiveluch emitted a 7-km column of ash". Vesti.ru. 2009-04-27. Retrieved 2009-09-20. 
  5. ^ Holocene Volcanoes in Kamchatka / Shiveluch
  6. ^ "Shiveluch Volcano". NASA. 2007-03-29. Retrieved 2009-09-20. 
  7. ^ "Klyuchi: Russia". Geographic.org. Retrieved 2011-04-03. 

External links[edit]