Shivraj Singh Chouhan

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Shivraj Singh Chouhan
Shivraj Singh Chauhan.jpg
Chouhan in 2010
18th Chief Minister of Madhya Pradesh
In office
Since 29 November 2005
Preceded by Babulal Gaur
Constituency Budhni, Vidisha
Personal details
Born (1959-03-05) 5 March 1959 (age 55)
Jait, Sehore, Madhya Pradesh
Political party Bharatiya Janata Party
Spouse(s) Sadhna Chouhan
Children 2 sons
Residence Bhopal
Religion Hinduism

Shivraj Singh Chouhan (born 5 March 1959) is the 18th and current Chief Minister of Madhya Pradesh, a central Indian state. He replaced Babulal Gaur as chief minister on 29 November 2005. A leader of the Bharatiya Janata Party, he has served as its general secretary and as president of its Madhya Pradesh state unit. He joined the RSS in 1972, as a 13-year-old. He has been a five-time Member of Parliament, representing Vidisha in the Lok Sabha since 1991. At present, he represents Budhni constituency, a tehsil place in Sehore district, in the Madhya Pradesh assembly.[1] In 2007, he had introduced schemes named as Ladli Laxmi Yojna,Kanyadhan Yojna and Janani Suraksha Yojna to focus on the prevention of female infanticide in the state.[2]

Early life and education[edit]

Shivraj Singh Chouhan was born to the Kirar farmer family Prem Singh Chouhan and his wife Sundar Bai Chouhan in the Jait village of Sehore district.[3] He is a gold medalist in M. A. (Philosophy) from the Barkatullah University, Bhopal.He was Agriculturist by profession prior to join politics.[1] Chouhan has been married to Sadhana Singh with whom he has two sons,Kartikay and Kunal.[4]

Early political career[edit]

His early political career can be defined as up to the point of his first election to the Lok Sabha. He was elected President of the Model School Students Union in 1975.[5] In 1976-77, he participated in underground movement against Emergency and was imprisoned in Bhopal Jail for some time.

In his early political career, he has also been: A convener of Akhil Bhartiya Keshariya Vahini in 1991-92

  • A Member of Committee on Labour and Welfare from 1993 to 1996
  • A Member of Hindi Salahkar Samiti from 1994 to 1996.

Political career[edit]

He was first elected to the State Assembly from Budhni Constituency in 1990. He was elected a Member of Parliament for the first time in his career in 10th Lok Sabha from Vidisha Constituency in the following year.

In 1996, he was re-elected to the 11th Lok Sabha (his second term). He was Member of Committee on Urban and Rural Development and Member of Consultative Committee, Ministry of Human Resources Development and Member of Committee on Urban and Rural Development from 1996 to 1997 and Member of Committee on Urban and Rural Development, General Secretary of B.J.P., Madhya Pradesh in 1997-98.

Again in 1998, he was re-elected to 12th Lok Sabha (third term). He was Member, Committee on Urban and Rural Development and its Sub-Committee on Ministry of Rural Areas and Employment in 1998-99.

His fourth term in the Lok Sabha (13th Lok Sabha) was from 1999. He was member of Committee on Agriculture in 1999-2000, member of Committee on Public Undertakings from 1999 to 2001, and National President of Bhartiya Janta Yuva Morcha from 2000 to 2003. He was also the Chairman of House Committee (Lok Sabha) and National Secretary of Bhartiya Janta Party.

The BJP swept Madhya Pradesh in the Assembly elections of December 2003. At that time, Shivraj Singh contested polls unsuccessfully against the incumbent Chief Minister Digvijaya Singh from Raghogarh.

He was a member of Consultative Committee, ministry of Communications from 2000 to 2004. He was re-elected to 14th Lok Sabha (5th term) in 2004, with a margin of over 260,000 votes. He was member of Committee on Agriculture, member of Joint Committee on Offices of Profit, National General Secretary of BJP, Secretary of Parliamentary Board, and Secretary (Central Election Committee). He also headed Housing Committee of Lok Sabha, and member of Committee on Ethics.

As the state BJP President, Chouhan was chosen to become the Chief Minister of Madhya Pradesh on November 30, 2005. He contested a by-election from Budhni assembly constituency the following year, winning his old seat by a margin of over 36,000 votes. In 2008, Chouhan retained his Budhni seat by over 41,000 votes, and with it, led the BJP to a second consecutive victory in the state. On December 12, 2008, he was sworn in for his second term.

On December 8, 2013 he won Legislative Assembly elections in Budhni with 1,28,730 votes and from Vidisha with 73,783 votes. He was also elected as Chief Minister of MP for third term.[6]

Controversies[edit]

He was criticized by opposition over the mining controversy in the Madhya Pradesh.[7] During a raid on two influential Bhopal-based businessmen Dilip Suryavanshi and Sudhir Sharma, the income tax department had recovered diaries which had entries claiming that the two ministers had been paid bribes. Singh claimed that complaints against the two ministers are pending before the state Lokayukta but the Chief Minister has not accorded sanction against the two yet.[7]

On November 30, 2013 he was again criticized for irregularities in Madhya Pradesh Professional Examination Board (MPPEB) scam. The Special Task Force( STF) of MP police, made a shocking revelation that Vyapam officials committed fraud in selection tests for government jobs in Madhya Pradesh.[8] Vyapam admitted in the High Court that 1020 forms were missing and 346 imposters had appeared in the exam. Vyapam officials admitted in the court that 1120 candidates appeared in the exam but their forms were missing because Vyapam official and accused Nitin Mahindra had tampered with the Computers in which the record was stored. Later, in the wake of the Madhya Pradesh Professional Examination Board (MPPEB) scam worth crores of rupees, Chief Minister Shivraj Singh Chouhan took to Twitter to clear his and his wife's name and sent a series of tweets within a span of three hours.[9]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Biography". Retrieved 28 October 2013. 
  2. ^ "The secret of Shivraj Singh Chauhan's success". Rediff. Retrieved 27 April 2009. 
  3. ^ "Chouhan's son of the soil image proves to be winner, again". Indian Express. 2013-12-08. 
  4. ^ "Chouhan powers his way forward". Indian express. Retrieved 13 March 2013. 
  5. ^ "Shivraj Singh Chouhan, a humble victor". India Today. 2008-12-09. Retrieved 2012-04-30. 
  6. ^ "Shivraj Singh Chouhan: the 'mama' with staying power". NDTV. Retrieved 8 December 2013. 
  7. ^ a b "Shivraj Singh Chouhan over mining controversy". economictimes.indiatimes.com. The Economic Times. Retrieved 25 June 2014. 
  8. ^ "Vyapam gang had rigged 5 more exams". http://freepressjournal.in/. Free Press Journal. Retrieved 25 June 2014. 
  9. ^ "Cornered by the MPPEB controversy". http://www.dnaindia.com/. Daily News and Anaysis. Retrieved 25 June 2014. 

External links[edit]

Preceded by
Babulal Gaur
Chief Minister of Madhya Pradesh
November 29, 2005 – present
Succeeded by
Current Incumbent