Shizuoka Prefecture

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Shizuoka Prefecture
静岡県
Prefecture
Japanese transcription(s)
 • Japanese 静岡県
 • Rōmaji Shizuoka-ken
Official logo of Shizuoka Prefecture
Symbol of Shizuoka Prefecture
Location of Shizuoka Prefecture
Coordinates: 34°55′N 138°19′E / 34.917°N 138.317°E / 34.917; 138.317Coordinates: 34°55′N 138°19′E / 34.917°N 138.317°E / 34.917; 138.317
Country Japan
Region Chūbu (Tōkai)
Island Honshu
Capital Shizuoka (city)
Government
 • Governor Heita Kawakatsu
Area
 • Total 7,779.63 km2 (3,003.73 sq mi)
Area rank 13th
Population (July 1, 2010)
 • Total 3,774,471
 • Rank 10th
 • Density 485.17/km2 (1,256.6/sq mi)
ISO 3166 code JP-22
Districts 5
Municipalities 35
Flower Azalea (Rhododenron)
Tree Sweet Osmanthus (Osmanthus fragrans var. aurantiacus)
Bird Japanese Paradise Flycatcher (Terpsiphone atrocaudata)
Website www.pref.shizuoka.jp/a_foreign/english

Shizuoka Prefecture (静岡県 Shizuoka-ken?) is a prefecture of Japan located in the Chūbu region of Honshu.[1] The capital is the city of Shizuoka.[2]

View of Mt. Fuji from Fujinomiya

History[edit]

Shizuoka Prefecture was formed from the former Tōtōmi, Suruga and Izu provinces.[3]

The area was the home of the first Tokugawa Shogun.[citation needed] Tokugawa Ieyasu held the region until he conquered the lands of the Hōjō clan in the Kantō region and placed land under the stewardship of Oda Nobunaga. After becoming shogun, Tokugawa took the land back for his family and put the area around modern-day Shizuoka city under the direct supervision of the shogunate. With the creation of Shizuoka han in 1868, it once again became the residence of the Tokugawa family.

Geography[edit]

Map of Shizuoka Prefecture

Shizuoka Prefecture is an elongated region following the coast of the Pacific Ocean at the Suruga Bay. In the west, the prefecture extends deep into the Japan Alps. In the east, it becomes a narrower coast bounded in the north by Mount Fuji, until it comes to the Izu Peninsula, a popular resort area pointing south into the Pacific.

As of 1 April 2012, 11% of the total land area of the prefecture was designated as Natural Parks, namely the Fuji-Hakone-Izu and Minami Alps National Parks; Tenryū-Okumikawa Quasi-National Park; and four Prefectural Natural Parks.[4]

Tokai earthquakes[edit]

Throughout history, every 100 to 150 years, an earthquake of disastrous proportions called the Tokai Earthquake has hit Shizuoka. On Tuesday, March 15, 2011, Shizuoka Prefecture was hit with a magnitude 6.2 earthquake approximately 42 km (26 mi) NNE of Shizuoka City.

Cities[edit]

Shizuoka City
Hamamatsu
Numazu and Suruga Bay
Fujinomiya
Atami

Twenty-three cities are located in Shizuoka:

Towns[edit]

These are the towns in each district:

Mergers[edit]

Sports[edit]

The sports teams listed below are based in Shizuoka.

Motorsport[edit]

Rugby[edit]

Soccer (association football)[edit]

Volleyball[edit]

Transportation[edit]

Rail[edit]

Roads[edit]

Expressways[edit]

Toll roads[edit]

  • Shizuoka East-West Road
  • Shizuoka South-North Road
  • West Fuji Road (not a toll road anymore as of 2012)
  • Fujinomiya Road

National highways[edit]

Airports[edit]

Shizuoka Airport

Ports[edit]

  • Shimizu Port
  • Atami Port and Shimoda Port - Mainly ferry route to Izu Island

Education[edit]

Universities[edit]

Senior high schools[edit]

Festivals and events[edit]

A kite festival in Hamamatsu, May 2013
  • Shimoda Black Ship Festival, held in May
  • Shimizu Port Festival, held on August 5 to 7
  • Shizuoka Festival, held in April
  • Daidogei World Cup in central Shizuoka City, held in November
  • Enshu Daimyo Festival in Iwata, held in April

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric. (2005). "Shizuoka-ken" in Japan Encyclopedia, p. 876, p. 876, at Google Books; "Chūbu" in p. 126, p. 126, at Google Books
  2. ^ Nussbaum, "Shizuoka" at p. 876, p. 876, at Google Books.
  3. ^ Nussbaum, "Provinces and prefectures" at p. 780, p. 780, at Google Books.
  4. ^ "General overview of area figures for Natural Parks by prefecture". Ministry of the Environment. 1 April 2012. Retrieved 10 August 2014. 

References[edit]

External links[edit]