November 28, 1917|
Waialua, Oahu, Hawaii
|Died||March 12, 2008
Honolulu, Oahu, Hawaii
|Place of burial||National Memorial of the Pacific, Oahu, Hawaii|
|Allegiance||United States of America|
|Service/branch||United States Army|
|Years of service||1941 – 1945|
|Unit||100th Infantry Battalion|
|Battles/wars||World War II|
|Awards||Medal of Honor, Distinguished Service Cross|
Shizuya Hayashi (November 28, 1917 – March 12, 2008) was a soldier in the 100th Infantry Battalion of the United States Army. He received the Medal of Honor for actions in Cerasuolo, Italy during World War II.
Medal of Honor citation
He distinguished himself by taking over a German position despite superior numbers. Hayashi was originally awarded the Distinguished Service Cross which was upgraded to the Medal of Honor upon military review in June 2000. The review was conducted on the belief that racial discrimination prevented Hayashi and several other soldiers of Asian descent from being awarded the United States' highest decoration for valor. Twenty one other soldiers also received the Medal based on the review. Hayashi was one of 12 who were still alive when the Medal was eventually awarded. Since being recognized with the Medal, Hayashi has been a guest speaker at various events including being an honored guest at the United States Army Southern European Task Force.
Private Shizuya Hayashi distinguished himself by extraordinary heroism in action on 29 November 1943, near Cerasuolo, Italy. During a flank assault on high ground held by the enemy, Private Hayashi rose alone in the face of grenade, rifle, and machine gun fire. Firing his automatic rifle from the hip, he charged and overtook an enemy machine gun position, killing seven men in the nest and two more as they fled. After his platoon advanced 200 yards from this point, an enemy antiaircraft gun opened fire on the men. Private Hayashi returned fire at the hostile position, killing nine of the enemy, taking four prisoners, and forcing the remainder of the force to withdraw from the hill. Private Hayashi’s extraordinary heroism and devotion to duty are in keeping with the highest traditions of military service and reflect great credit on him, his unit, and the United States Army.
- List of Medal of Honor recipients
- List of Medal of Honor recipients for World War II
- 442nd Regimental Combat Team
- Nakaso, Dan. "WWII hero Shizuya Hayashi, 90: 100th Battalion private recognized in 2000 with Medal of Honor," The Honolulu Advertiser. March 15, 2008; retrieved 2012-12-7.
- US Army Center of Military History, "Medal of Honor Recipients, World War II (G-L)"; retrieved 2012-12-7.
- Bramlett, David A. "Go For Broke Monument, Fifth Anniversary Tribute," June 5, 2004; retrieved 2012-12-7.
- U.S. National Archives and Records Administration (NARA), WWII Army Enlistment Record #30100871 Hayashi, Shizuya; retrieved 2012-12-7.
- Kakesako, Greg K. "Pearl City vet earned WWII Medal of Honor," Honolulu Star Bulletin. March 14, 2008; retrieved 2012-12-7.
- Go for Broke National Education Center, "Medal of Honor Recipient Private Shizuya Hayashi"; retrieved 2012-12-7.
- "100th Battalion, 442nd Infantry" at Global Security.org; Vachon, Duane A. "Postponed Honor - Private Shizuya Hayashi, U.S. Army, (1917-2008)," Hawaii Reporter. May 16, 2011; retrieved 2012-12-7.
- "21 Asian American World War II Vets to Get Medal of Honor" at University of Hawaii Digital History; retrieved 2012-12-7.
- Gomez-Granger, Julissa. (2008). Medal of Honor Recipients: 1979-2008, "Hayashi, Shizuya," p. 10 [PDF 14 of 44]; retrieved 2012-12-7.