Shluhot

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Shluhot
Region Beit She'an Valley
Affiliation Religious Kibbutz Movement
Founded 1948
Founded by Former Bnei Akiva members
Website www.shluhot.org.il

Shluhot (Hebrew: שִׁלוּחוֹת, lit. Branches) is an Orthodox kibbutz in the Beit She'an Valley in northern Israel. Located about three kilometres south of the city of Beit She'an, it falls under the jurisdiction of Valley of Springs Regional Council.

History[edit]

Shluhot was founded in 1948 by former members of the Bnei Akiva Zionist youth movement. In the beginning, a temporary joint camp was set up with a group from the Hashomer Hatzair youth movement. Shortly thereafter, when each group received land to build separate kibbutzim, the secular members of the group formed the adjacent kibbutz of Reshafim. The kibbutz is one of four religious kibbutzim that are located in a cluster south of Beit She'an stretching from Shluhot at the base of the Mount Gilboa through Ein HaNatziv and Sde Eliyahu until Tirat Zvi adjacent to the Jordan River.

The kibbutz was founded on the land of the depopulated Palestinian village of Al-Ashrafiyya.[1][2]

Today, the kibbutz population numbers about 120 families, including 350 people.

Economy[edit]

Carrot processing wing

In the early years of the kibbutz, virtually all activity was centred around the various agricultural branches. In the last few decades though, talented kibbutz members have initiated new endeavours in order to vary revenue sources, as well as providing different employment options. Today the kibbutz employs mainly kibbutz members and kibbutz youth (after school and during the summer), residents who are not members, residents of Beit Shean and surrounding areas, and temporary volunteers. The kibbutz revenues come from agriculture, light manufacturing, and tourism.

The majority of Shluhot's revenues come from various agricultural branches, produce and livestock, due to the expertise of kibbutz members and continuing improvement in efficiency and productivity. The dairy farm, poultry (turkey and chicken coops), date farming, fish farming, orchards, and vegetable farming are still an important part of the kibbutz revenues and kibbutz employment opportunities. Shluhot also has a new carrot processing factory and enjoys a significant minority market share in the local carrot market. In 2007, a cow from the dairy farm broke the Israeli record for most births, 14.[3]

The kibbutz has a number of factories; one of the oldest is Microvue which produces microfilm readers/scanners, mostly for export. Microvue is one of the few microfilm reader manufacturers left in the world. Sheletron, founded in 1996, produces electronic display solutions through text, pictures, video, and animation on LCD screens. Remote control of the displays is possible through unique software developed in the company development centre.

In the early nineties, the kibbutz renovated a small former residential apartment building and turned it into a bed and breakfast, mainly geared for the Orthodox Jewish market. The kibbutz has since added a wider variety of rooming accommodations, now ranging from single rooms to multiple-room housing units. In the year 1996, several former immigrants (olim) from North America founded a summer camp called Kayitz Bakibbutz, (in Hebrew "Summer on the kibbutz"), based on the typical 'American' sleepaway summer camp experience geared toward youth, something virtually unheard of in Israel at that time. The camp provides multiple week sessions based on overnight rooming, and including sports, swimming, arts and crafts and various other activities.

The kibbutz also has a metalwork shop, which designs and produces a variety of machines mainly for agricultural use.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Khalidi, 1992, p. 44
  2. ^ Morris, 2004, p. xx, settlement #2
  3. ^ "Kibbutz cow breaks Israeli record for most births". The Jerusalem Post. 2007-10-08. Retrieved 2007-10-15. 

Bibliography[edit]

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 32°28′18.83″N 35°28′52.32″E / 32.4718972°N 35.4812000°E / 32.4718972; 35.4812000