Rabbi Shmuel Alexandrov of Bobruisk (1865–1941) was a prominent student of the Volozhin Yeshiva, who became close to the tradition of Chabad Hasidism. Alexandrov was a Jewish Orthodox mystical thinker, philosopher and individualist anarchist, whose religious thought, an original blending of Kabbalah, Orthodox Judaism, contemporary philosophy and secular literature, are marked by universalism and some degree of antinomianism. His works include פך השמן ("the Oil Jug"), a commentary on Pirkey Avot, and a large collection of essays, מכתבי מחקר וביקורת ("Letters of Research and Investigation"). Alexandrov was influenced by the anarchistic implications of the work of Rav Kook (the first Ashkenazi chief rabbi of the British Mandate for Palestine), from which he sought to derive practical instruction. Another influence on Alexandrov was Russian philosopher Vladimir Solovyov. Alexandrov lived all his life in Bobruisk and perished in the Holocaust.
- “Shmuel Alksandrov”, Sefer Bobruisk (Bobruoisk book), ed. Yehuda Slutski Tel-Aviv, 1967, vol. 1, p. 322
- Mikhail Agursky, “Universalist Trends in Jewish Religious Thought”, Immanuel 18 (Fall 1984), pp. 49–51
- A. Greenboim, Rabanei Brit-ha-Moetsot bein milkhamot ha-olam (Rabbis in the Soviet Union between the World Wars), Jerusalem: The Institute for Research and Documentation of East-European Jewry, 1994, p. 10.
- Luz, Ehud 1981 "Spiritualism and religious anarchism in the teaching of Shmuel Alexandrov" (Hebrew). Daat, no. 7 (summer): 121-138.
- Argusky, Mikhail. "Universalist Trends in Jewish Religious Thought: Some Russian Perspectives". Jewish-Christian Relations. Retrieved 2008-03-02.
- Ish, Shalom (1993). Rav Avraham Itzhak Hacohen Kook. Albany: State University of New York Press. ISBN 0-7914-1369-1.
- Konstantin Burmistrov (Institute of Philosophy, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, Russia) On the History of Russian-Jewish Intellectual Relations: Vladimir Solovyev and Rabbi Shmuel Alexandrov
- Bar-Yosef, Hamutal; Ewert von Zweerde, ed. "The Jewish Reception of Vladimir Solovyov". Vladimir Solovyov: Reconciler and Polemicist. Retrieved 2008-03-02. [dead link]
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