Shmuel Schneersohn

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Not to be confused with Shmuel Schneurson. ‹See Tfd›
"Maharash" redirect here, for the 17th century Polish rabbi, see Meir Wahl
Shmuel Schneersohn
Lubavitcher Rebbe
Term 17-Mar-1866 – 14-Sep-1882 OS
Full name Shmuel Schneersohn
Main work Likutei Torah - Toras Shmuel
Born Lyubavichi, Russian Empire
Died 14 September 1882 OS
Lyubavichi, Russian Empire
Buried Lyubavichi
Dynasty Chabad Lubavitch
Predecessor Menachem Mendel Schneersohn
Successor Sholom Dovber Schneersohn
Father Menachem Mendel Schneersohn
Mother Chaya Mushka (daughter of Dovber Schneuri)
Wife 1 Sterna (daughter of his brother Chaim Shneur Zalman)
Wife 2 Rivkah (granddaughter of Dovber Schneuri)
Children 2 Shneur Zalman Aharon
Sholom Dovber Schneersohn
Avrohom Sender
Menachem Mendel
Devorah Leah Ginsburg
Chaya Mushka Horenstein

Shmuel Schneersohn (or Rabbi Shmuel of Lubavitch or The Rebbe Maharash) (17 March 1834 – 14 September 1882 OS) was an Orthodox rabbi and the fourth Rebbe (spiritual leader) of the Chabad Lubavitch chasidic movement.

Biography[edit]

Schneersohn was born in Lyubavichi, on 2 Iyar 1834, the seventh son of the Tzemach Tzedek. He faced competition from three of his brothers, primarily from Rabbi Yehuda Leib Schneersohn who established a dynasty in Kapust upon their father's death. Other brothers also established dynasties in Lyady, Nizhyn, and Ovruch.[1]

In 1848 Schneersohn was married to the daughter of his brother, Rabbi Chaim Shneur Zalman Schneersohn. After several months she died, and he then married the Rebbetzin Rivkah, a granddaughter of Rabbi Dovber Schneuri, the Mitteler Rebbe. He had three sons, Rabbi Zalmman Aharon, Rabbi Sholom Dovber and Rabbi Menachem Mendel as well as one daughter, Devorah Leah.

Schneersohn was said to have had chariots on call for the evacuation of books in time of fire.[2]

Besides his communal activism, he had wide intellectual interests. He spoke several languages, including Latin.[3] He wrote widely on a range of religious and secular topics, and much of his writing has never been published and remains in manuscript form alone.[3] His discourses began to be published for the first time under the title Likkutei Torat Shmuel in 1945 by Kehot, and 12 volumes have so far been printed.[3]

He died in Lyubavichi, on 13 Tishrei 1882, leaving four sons and two daughters, and was succeeded by his son Sholom Dovber.[3]

Schneersohn urged the study of Kabbalah as a prerequisite for one's humanity:

A person who is capable of comprehending the seder hishtalshelus (kabbalistic secrets concerning the coming-into-being of all existence every moment) - and fails to do so - cannot be considered a human being. At every moment and time one must know where his soul stands. It is a mitzvah (commandment) and an obligation to know the seder hishtalshelus.[4]

Aphorisms[edit]