Shoals, Indiana

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Shoals, Indiana
Town
Martin County courthouse in Shoals
Martin County courthouse in Shoals
Location of Shoals in the state of Indiana
Location of Shoals in the state of Indiana
Coordinates: 38°39′59″N 86°47′33″W / 38.66639°N 86.79250°W / 38.66639; -86.79250Coordinates: 38°39′59″N 86°47′33″W / 38.66639°N 86.79250°W / 38.66639; -86.79250
Country United States
State Indiana
County Martin
Township Center, Halbert
Area[1]
 • Total 1.88 sq mi (4.87 km2)
 • Land 1.79 sq mi (4.64 km2)
 • Water 0.09 sq mi (0.23 km2)
Elevation 505 ft (154 m)
Population (2010)[2]
 • Total 756
 • Estimate (2012[3]) 751
 • Density 422.3/sq mi (163.1/km2)
Time zone Central (CST) (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP code 47581
Area code(s) 812
FIPS code 18-69552[4]
GNIS feature ID 0443428[5]

Shoals is a town in Center and Halbert townships, Martin County, Indiana, United States. The population was 756 at the 2010 census. The city is the county seat of Martin County.[6]

Shoals is best known for the Jug Rock, the only free-standing table rock formation east of the Mississippi River.[7] The Shoals Catfish Festival is held annually on the July 4th holiday weekend.

History[edit]

A lynching took place at the county courthouse and jail. The Archer boys were accused of torturing and killing a local farmer and were hung from trees in front of the jail in 1886.[8]

Shoals is also known for making mother of pearl buttons during the early 20th-century. They were made out of mussels from the White River.[8]

Geography[edit]

Shoals is located at 38°39′59″N 86°47′33″W / 38.66639°N 86.79250°W / 38.66639; -86.79250 (38.666409, -86.792391).[9]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 1.88 square miles (4.87 km2), of which 1.79 square miles (4.64 km2) is land and 0.09 square miles (0.23 km2) is water.[1]

Climate[edit]

The climate in this area is characterized by hot, humid summers and generally mild to cool winters. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Shoals has a humid subtropical climate, abbreviated "Cfa" on climate maps.[10]

Demographics[edit]

2010 census[edit]

As of the census[2] of 2010, there were 756 people, 376 households, and 189 families residing in the town. The population density was 422.3 inhabitants per square mile (163.1/km2). There were 418 housing units at an average density of 233.5 per square mile (90.2/km2). The racial makeup of the town was 97.4% White, 0.3% African American, 0.1% Native American, 0.3% Asian, 0.4% from other races, and 1.6% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.3% of the population.

There were 376 households of which 23.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 32.7% were married couples living together, 13.0% had a female householder with no husband present, 4.5% had a male householder with no wife present, and 49.7% were non-families. 46.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 22.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.01 and the average family size was 2.81.

The median age in the town was 47.1 years. 20.1% of residents were under the age of 18; 7% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 20.8% were from 25 to 44; 27.3% were from 45 to 64; and 24.6% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the town was 49.1% male and 50.9% female.

2000 census[edit]

As of the census[4] of 2000, there were 807 people, 377 households, and 214 families residing in the town. The population density was 448.0 people per square mile (173.1/km²). There were 420 housing units at an average density of 233.1 per square mile (90.1/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 97.52% White, 0.87% African American, 0.25% Native American, 0.12% from other races, and 1.24% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.49% of the population.

There were 377 households out of which 19.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 41.1% were married couples living together, 12.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 43.0% were non-families. 38.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 20.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.01 and the average family size was 2.65.

In the town the population was spread out with 17.0% under the age of 18, 8.9% from 18 to 24, 24.9% from 25 to 44, 26.3% from 45 to 64, and 22.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 44 years. For every 100 females there were 100.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 98.8 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $23,750, and the median income for a family was $31,964. Males had a median income of $30,865 versus $21,696 for females. The per capita income for the town was $14,234. About 14.6% of families and 20.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 33.0% of those under age 18 and 8.1% of those age 65 or over.

Economy[edit]

Shoals' major employers are the gypsum mines that were discovered in the mid-20th century. Two major mines employ more than 400 workers. The National Gypsum mine is located two miles outside Shoals and is the United States' deepest at 515 feet.[8]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Places: Indiana". 2010 Census Gazetteer Files. United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-04-21. 
  2. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-12-11. 
  3. ^ "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-06-25. 
  4. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  5. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  6. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  7. ^ Douglas Wissing (1 March 2001). Scenic Driving Indiana. Globe Pequot. p. 4. ISBN 978-1-56044-906-5. Retrieved 23 November 2011. 
  8. ^ a b c Douglas Wissing (1 March 2001). Scenic Driving Indiana. Globe Pequot. p. 6. ISBN 978-1-56044-906-5. Retrieved 23 November 2011. 
  9. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  10. ^ Climate Summary for Shoals, Indiana