Shockoe Hill is one of several hills on which much of the oldest portion of the City of Richmond, Virginia, U.S., was built. It extends from the downtown area, including where the state capitol complex sits, north almost a mile to a point where the hill falls off sharply to the winding path of Shockoe Creek. Interstate 95 now bisects the hill, separating the highly urbanized downtown portion from the more residential northern portion.
Near the northern edge of Shockoe Hill are two important cemeteries. Shockoe Hill Cemetery is the burial place of Chief Justice John Marshall, American Revolutionary War hero Peter Francisco, Union spy Elizabeth Van Lew, and many other notables. It also is the resting place of many Confederate States of America soldiers. Hundreds of deceased Union Army POWs were buried in less desirable land across the street to the east before being moved after the War.
The Hebrew Cemetery of Richmond, founded in 1816, contains within it what is reputed to be the largest Jewish military burial ground in the world outside of Tel Aviv. Many of Richmond's Jewish elite, including William Thalhimer, founder of the Thalhimers department store, are found there.
Next to the Hebrew Cemetery is The Almshouse building, built in 1860 to be the city poor house, which saw service as an American Civil War hospital and which in 1865 briefly served as the home of the Virginia Military Institute Corps of Cadets. Many Confederate soldiers buried in the two cemeteries had died while hospitalized in that building.
In addition, a now-vanished burial ground for slaves and free blacks occupied about an acre of ground just to the east of Hebrew Cemetery.
- The John Marshall Foundation
- Union Army Burials on Shockoe Hill
- Shockoe Hill
- "The Jewish Confederates" by Robert H. Rosen
- http://foshc.rrpfoundation.org/ Friends of Shockoe Hill Cemetery
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