Shockoe Hill Cemetery
Shockoe Hill Cemetery
|Location||Jct. of Hospital and 2nd Sts., Richmond, Virginia|
|Area||13 acres (5.3 ha)|
|Architect||Davies, John W.; et al.|
|Architectural style||Late Victorian, Early Republic, 19th-century Exotic Revival|
|NRHP Reference #||
|Added to NRHP||July 7, 1995|
|Designated VLR||April 28, 1995|
Established in 1820, with the initial burial in 1822, Shockoe Hill Cemetery was the first city-owned municipal burial ground in Richmond. The cemetery expanded in 1833, 1850, and 1870. It is now open only to burials of family members in existing family plots, but as of March 2015 plans are being developed to reclaim unused plots for re-sale, as well as to create structures for niches to hold cremated remains. The City of Richmond still owns and maintains the cemetery. The Friends of Shockoe Hill Cemetery , a volunteer group formed in 2006, acts as a steward of the cemetery.
About five hundred Union Army POWs had been buried just outside the east cemetery wall from 1861 to 1863, but their remains were moved to Richmond National Cemetery, three miles to the east, in 1866–67. Two markers, one placed by the United Daughters of the Confederacy in 1938, and the other by the Military Order of the Loyal Legion of the United States (a/k/a MOLLUS) in 2002 to memorialize those soldier burials.
Shockoe Hill Cemetery is across the street from the Hebrew Cemetery of Richmond, a separate and privately-owned cemetery.
The cemetery holds the graves of Chief Justice John Marshall; attorney John Wickham (counsel for Aaron Burr in Burr's 1807 treason trial); Revolutionary War hero Peter Francisco; famed Union spy Elizabeth Van Lew, as well as many members of her spy network; John Minor Botts, a Congressman and later a dedicated Unionist who helped lead opposition to the Confederate government; Virginia Governor William H. Cabell; Virginia Acting Governors John Mercer Patton (General George S. Patton's great-grandfather), John Rutherfoord, and John Munford Gregory; Judge Dabney Carr; United States Senators Powhatan Ellis and Benjamin W. Leigh; Dr. Daniel Norborne Norton, developer of the Norton grape; dozens of Revolutionary War soldiers; and hundreds of Confederate soldiers. It is believed the more than 400 veterans of the War of 1812 buried here is the largest such assemblage in the country.
Many people important in the life of Edgar Allan Poe, who grew up and lived much of his adult life in Richmond, are interred at Shockoe Hill. Among them are Frances K. Allan, beloved foster-mother to Poe, and her husband John; Sarah Elmira Royster Shelton, perhaps the great love of Poe's life; and Jane Stith Craig Stanard, wife of prominent judge Robert Stanard and the inspiration for his poem "To Helen".
- "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2009-03-13.
- "Virginia Landmarks Register". Virginia Department of Historic Resources. Retrieved 19 March 2013.
- Silverman, Kenneth. Edgar A. Poe: Mournful and Never-ending Remembrance. New York: Harper Perennial, 1991: 206 ISBN 0-06-092331-8
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Shockoe Hill Cemetery.|