Shockoe Hill Cemetery

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Shockoe Hill Cemetery
Shockoe cemetery.jpg
Shockoe Hill Cemetery is located in Virginia
Shockoe Hill Cemetery
Location Jct. of Hospital and 2nd Sts., Richmond, Virginia
Coordinates 37°33′5″N 77°25′56″W / 37.55139°N 77.43222°W / 37.55139; -77.43222Coordinates: 37°33′5″N 77°25′56″W / 37.55139°N 77.43222°W / 37.55139; -77.43222
Area 13 acres (5.3 ha)
Built 1820
Architect Davies, John W.; et al.
Architectural style Late Victorian, Early Republic, 19th-century Exotic Revival
Governing body Local
NRHP Reference #

95000818

[1]
VLR # 127-0389
Significant dates
Added to NRHP July 7, 1995
Designated VLR April 28, 1995[2]

The Shockoe Hill Cemetery is a historic cemetery located on Shockoe Hill in Richmond, Virginia.

History[edit]

Established in 1820, with the initial burial in 1822, Shockoe Hill Cemetery was the first city-owned municipal burial ground in Richmond. The cemetery expanded in 1833, 1850, and 1870. It is now open only to burials of family members in existing family plots, but as of February 2014 plans are being developed to reclaim unused plots for re-sale, as well as to create niches for cremated remains. The City of Richmond still owns and maintains the cemetery. The Friends of Shockoe Hill Cemetery [1], a volunteer group formed in 2006, acts as a steward of the cemetery.

Shockoe Hill Cemetery is on the Virginia Landmarks Register and National Register of Historic Places.

About five hundred Union Army POWs had been buried just outside the east cemetery wall from 1861 to 1863, but their remains were moved to Richmond National Cemetery, three miles to the east, in 1866–67. Two markers, one placed by the United Daughters of the Confederacy in 1938, and the other by the Military Order of the Loyal Legion of the United States (a/k/a MOLLUS) [2], in 2002, memorialize those soldier burials. See: The Soldiers of Shockoe Hill (Union soldier burials) [3]

Shockoe Hill Cemetery is across the street from the Hebrew Cemetery of Richmond, a separate and privately owned cemetery.

Notable burials[edit]

The cemetery holds the graves of Chief Justice John Marshall; attorney John Wickham (counsel for Aaron Burr in Burr's 1807 treason trial); Revolutionary War hero Peter Francisco; famed Union spy Elizabeth Van Lew, as well as many members of her spy network; John Minor Botts, a Congressman and later a dedicated Unionist who helped lead opposition to the Confederate government; Virginia Governor William H. Cabell; Virginia Acting Governors John Mercer Patton (General George S. Patton's great-grandfather), John Rutherfoord, and John Munford Gregory; Judge Dabney Carr; United States Senators Powhatan Ellis and Benjamin W. Leigh; Dr. Daniel Norborne Norton, developer of the Norton grape; dozens of Revolutionary War soldiers; and hundreds of Confederate soldiers. It is believed the more than 400 veterans of the War of 1812 buried here is the largest such assemblage in the country.

Many people important in the life of Edgar Allan Poe, who grew up and lived much of his adult life in Richmond, are interred at Shockoe Hill. Among them are Frances K. Allan, beloved foster-mother to Poe, and her husband John; Sarah Elmira Royster Shelton, perhaps the great love of Poe's life; and Jane Stith Craig Stanard, wife of prominent judge Robert Stanard and the inspiration for his poem "To Helen". [3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2009-03-13. 
  2. ^ "Virginia Landmarks Register". Virginia Department of Historic Resources. Retrieved 19 March 2013. 
  3. ^ Silverman, Kenneth. Edgar A. Poe: Mournful and Never-ending Remembrance. New York: Harper Perennial, 1991: 206 ISBN 0-06-092331-8

External links[edit]