Shoista Mullojonova

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Shoista Mullodzhanova
Shoista Mullodzhanova black and white.jpg
Shoista Mullodzhanova in national clothes
Background information
Birth name Shushana Rubinovna Mullodzhanova
Born (1925-09-03)September 3, 1925
Origin Dushanbe, Tajik ASSR
Died June 26, 2010(2010-06-26) (aged 84)
Genres Shashmakom, Middle Eastern music
Occupations Singer, musician
Instruments Vocals, Doira
Years active 1941–2010

Shoista Mullojonova (Tajik: Шоиста Муллоҷонова, Russian: Шоиста Рубиновна Муллоджанова; September 3, 1925 – June 26, 2010), born Shushana Rubinovna Mullodzhanova, was a renowned Tajik-born Bukharian Jewish Shashmakom singer.

Early life[edit]

She was born in Dushanbe, Tajik ASSR to a religious Bukharian Jewish family. Her mother, Sivyo Davydova, was from Samarkand and her father, Rubin Mullodzhanov, originally came from Bukhara. Her family traces its ancestry to an artistocratic Levite tribe that has been into performing and entertaining since the time of the First and Second Temple in Jerusalem.[1] At some point as an adult she changed her surname from Mullodzhanova to Mullojonova in Soviet Tajikistan.

Her family was full of entertainers (actors, singers, and musicians).[citation needed] In 1924, her parents and older siblings (Ribi, Levi, Itzakhar, Roshel, Zulai) moved from Uzbekistan to Tajikistan, where Shoista was born a year later. She learned to speak fluent Bukhori, a dialect of the Tajiki-Persian language, and Russian. Her mother was also a singer and her whole family was into music and acting. She graduated from the Stalinabad Women's Pedagogical School in 1943 and studied at the Moscow Conservatory from 1947 to 1953.[2]

Career[edit]

Shoista Mullojonova had her debut at age 8 when she sang on Dushanbe radio. During the beginning of her career, in the early 1940s, she was part of the Rubab Player Ensemble in Tajikistan's Ensemble.Tajik Figures @ angelstar.com, ibid. With the ensemble, in 1945, she sang in Iran for the royal family of Iran and the Shah, the Pahlavis including Reza Shah the Great, and for the Iranian audience in Bukhori. She earned the title, Merited Artist of Tajikistan, at the age of 20.[3]

By the mid-1940s, Mullojonova broke away from the ensemble and began to sing solo. In May 1945, at the conclusion of the Great Patriotic War of the Soviet Union, she sang the Tajik/Russian song "Idi Zafar" (Holiday of Victory) on the Tajik State Radio in Stalinabad in honor of Victory Day over Nazi Germany. After graduating cum laude from Moscow Conservatory in 1953, she performed at the Aini Theater for Opera and Ballet. The roles that she developed there include Mahin in Tohir va Zuhro (Tohir and Zuhro) by A. Lenskii; Gulizor in Shurishi Vose (The Vose Uprising) by S. Balasanian; Marfa in Arusi Shoh (The Bride of the King) by Rimsky-Korsakov, and others.[4]

Through the years, she sang Shashmakom music throughout Central Asia, Middle East, and the Soviet Union and made a wonderful living. She was named the "People's Artist of Tajikistan", in 1957 and Merited Artist of the USSR ([1]). From the mid-1950s to the mid-1970s, she was a soloist vocalist for the Tajik State Philharmonic. Mullojonova sang music of all other Soviet republics and of Eastern people. She always preferred the music of her Eastern and Tajik people. In 1975, she was named senior instrutor at the Tajikistan State Institute of Arts. [Profile at Tajik Figures @ www.angelstar.com, ibid.] In the 1980s, Mullojonova earned a reputation for being the Queen of Tajik Music. She sang in Central Asia and all over the former Soviet Union for 50 years.

Personal life and later career[edit]

Shoista Mullojonova was married to Efrem Haritonovich Benyaev from 1946 until his death in 1999. They had three children: Anna (a businesswoman living in Forest Hills, Queens, New York), Negmat (PhD, based in Moscow), and Sofia (M.D., based in Austria).

In 1991, Shoista and her family began to move from Central Asia, to the United States because of the dissolution of the Soviet Union and the start of the civil war and rise of Islamic fundamentalism in Tajikistan. The family settled in Forest Hills, New York.[5]

After emigrating to New York, Shoista joined the Bukharan Shashmaqam Ensemble, founded by Fatima Kuinova, "Merited Artist Tajikistan" and later the "Maqom" Ensemble, founded by Ilyas Malayev, "Merited Artist of Uzbekistan". After her husband, Efrem Haritonovitch Benyaev, died, she dedicated an album, "I'm Singing for You", in his memory. In September 2005, in Forest Hills High School, Shoista sang for an audience who all came to celebrate her 80th birthday, including New York City Mayor Michael Bloomberg, former Governor George Pataki, President Emomalii Rahmon of Tajikistan, and Boris Kandov, President of the Bukharian Jewish Congress of USA and Canada. Aged 80 she was able to touch people with her singing and remind them that she is singing for each and every one of them, as she says, "I am singing for you."[citation needed]

Boris Kandov published a biography about Shoista Mullojonova, entitled "Born to Sing", written by musicologist and author Rafael Nektalov, [2] as well as making a documentary about the legendary singer. In March 2008, Shoista performed at the Golden Ilyas Awards Ceremony singing "Ey Dukhtari Nozanini Qadras" (Persian for "Hey, Beautiful Girl, All Grown Up) and received an award. The concert was held in honor of Bukharian poet, musician, and playwright, Ilyas Malayev.[6]

In May 2010, a month before her death, she sang at the Russian Consulate General of New York the classic Russian/Tajik song, "Holiday of Victory" (Idi Zafar/Prazdnik Pobedy) in honor of the 65th anniversary of Victory over Nazism and was awarded the Russian medal in honor of being a participant in the war against Nazi Germany during the Great Patriotic War. This being her most famous song which she sang 65 years earlier on the Tajik state radio on May 9, 1945 on the news of the Soviet Victory over Nazi Germany.

Death[edit]

On June 26, 2010, Shoista Mullojonova died after suffering a heart attack in Forest Hills, New York, [3] three months before her 85th birthday. In accordance with Jewish law, which requires the burial of a deceased person immediately after their death, Mullojonova was buried the day after her death in the Bukharian Jewish section of Wellwood Cemetery in Long Island, New York next to her husband and deceased family members. Soon after, the people of Tajikistan heard this and, the following day, President Emomalii Rahmon sent a message to the United States expressing his condolence to the relatives of this legendary singer.[7]

Other[edit]

Her nephew, Yudik Mullodzhanov, is a singer, and her niece, Rosa Mullodzhanova, is known as an "Honored Artist of Tajikistan".[8]

Awards[edit]

She won many awards and titles in her career including the prestigious "People's Artist of the Republic of Tajikistan" and "Merited Artist of the USSR". In addition to being a People's Artist and Merited Artist, she received the Order of Lenin, the Order of the Patriotic War, the Order of the Red Banner of Labour, two Order of the Badge of Honour, four medals (including the Medal "For the Victory over Germany in the Great Patriotic War 1941–1945"), and the Honorary Order of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of Tajikistan and other republics. She had a seven decade career in music, from 1941 until her death in 2010. Mullojonova was a founder of contemporary Tajik music and was often referred to as "Queen of Shashmakom Music", "Daughter of Tajikistan" and "Nightingale of the East".[9]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Profile at aqua.queenslibrary.org
  2. ^ Profile at Tajik Figures, www.angelfire.com
  3. ^ Profile @ aqua.queenslibrary, ibid.
  4. ^ Profile at Tajik Figures @ www.angelstar.com, ibid.
  5. ^ Profile @ aqua.queenslibrary.org, ibid.
  6. ^ YouTube
  7. ^ Notice of Shoista Mullojonova's death
  8. ^ Mullodzhanov/Mullojonov family profile
  9. ^ Notice of Shoista Mullojonova's death, ibid.