Shooting at the Summer Olympics

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Shooting at the Summer Olympics
Shooting pictogram.svg
Governing body ISSF
Events 15 (men: 9; women: 6)
Games
1896 1900 1904 1908 1912 1920
1924 1928 1932 1936 1948 1952
1956 1960 1964 1968 1972 1976
1980 1984 1988 1992 1996 2000
2004 2008 2012 2016
Medalists • Records

Shooting sports have been contested at every Summer Olympic Games since the birth of the modern Olympic movement at the 1896 Summer Olympics except at the 1904 & 1928 editions.

Men's[edit]

Men's shooting was one of the nine events at the first modern Olympic Games in Athens, in 1896. In the Paris Games in 1900, live pigeons were used as moving targets. After the 1900 games, the pigeons were replaced with clay targets. In 1907, the International Shooting Sport Federation came into existence and brought some standardizations to the sport.

When shooting was reintroduced in 1932, it consisted of only two events. From this, the number of events have increased steadily until reaching the 2000–2004 maximum of seventeen events. The 2008 games had only fifteen. Events marked as "Men's" were actually open events from 1968 until 1980 (and in shotgun events until 1992). Two women won medals in such mixed events: Margaret Murdock, silver in Rifle 3 positions (1976) and Zhang Shan, gold in Skeet (1992).

Events on the current program are listed at the top.

Current program
Event 96 00 04 08 12 20 24 28 32 36 48 52 56 60 64 68 72 76 80 84 88 92 96 00 04 08 12 Years
air pistol X X X X X X X 7
air rifle X X X X X X X X 8
double trap X X X X X 5
pistol X X X[1] X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X 23
rapid fire pistol X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X 24
rifle prone X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X 23
rifle three positions X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X 16
skeet X X X X X X X X X X X X 12
trap X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X 21
Past events
Event 96 00 04 08 12 20 24 28 32 36 48 52 56 60 64 68 72 76 80 84 88 92 96 00 04 08 12 Years
25 metre military pistol X 1
30 metre military pistol, team X X 2
200 metre military rifle X 1
300 metre military rifle; prone, individual X 1
300 metre military rifle; prone, team X 1
300 metre military rifle; standing, individual X 1
300 metre military rifle; standing, team X 1
300 metre military rifle, three positions X 1
600 metre military rifle, individual X 1
600 metre military rifle, team X 1
300 metre + 600 metre military rifle, team X 1
25 metre rifle, individual X 1
25 metre rifle, team X 1
50 metre rifle, team X X X 3
25 yd rifle, disappearing target X 1
25 yd rifle, moving target X 1
50 yd + 100 yd rifle, stationary target X 1
300 metre rifle kneeling X 1
300 metre rifle prone X 1
300 metre rifle standing X 1
300 metre rifle three positions X X X X X X X X X X X 12
300 metre rifle, team X X X X X 4
600 metre rifle X X 2
1000 yard rifle, prone X 1
100 metre running deer; single shots, individual X X X X . 4
100 metre running deer; single shots, team X X X X 4
100 metre running deer; double shots, individual X X X X 4
100 metre running deer; double shots, team X X 2
100 metre running deer; single/double shots X 2
10 metre running target X X X X 4
50 metre running target X X X X X 5
pistol, team X X[1] X X 4
trap, team X X X X . 4
Event 96 00 04 08 12 20 24 28 32 36 48 52 56 60 64 68 72 76 80 84 88 92 96 00 04 08 12 Years
Events 5 9 15 18 21 10 2 5 5 6 6 6 6 7 7 7 7 8 9 9 10 10 10 9 9
  • a b 50 yards.

Women's[edit]

Event 96 00 04 08 12 20 24 28 32 36 48 52 56 60 64 68 72 76 80 84 88 92 96 00 04 08 12 Years
air pistol X X X X X X X 7
air rifle X X X X X X X X 8
double trap X X X - - 3
pistol X X X X X X X X 8
rifle three positions X X X X X X X X 8
skeet X X X X 4
trap X X X X 4
Events 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 3 4 4 5 7 7 6 6

Nations[edit]

Nation 96 00 04 08 12 20 24 28 32 36 48 52 56 60 64 68 72 76 80 84 88 92 96 00 04 08 Years
 Argentina (ARG) - - - - - 8
 Australasia (ANZ) - - 1 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 1
 Australia (AUS) - - - - - X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X 18
 Austria (AUT) - - - 7 - 6
 Belgium (BEL) - 10 10 - 29 14 X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X 21
 Brazil (BRA) - - - - 5 1
 Canada (CAN) - - 22 3 7 6 X X X X X X X X X X - X X X X X X X 20
 Chile (CHI) - - - 2 - X
 Czechoslovakia (TCH) - - - - 8 18
 Denmark (DEN) 3 5 10 14 15 7 X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X 23
 Egypt (EGY) - - - - - 1
 Estonia (EST) - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 3 2 1 1 1 5
 Unified Team of Germany (EUA) - - - - - - - - - - X X X - - - - - - - - - - - 3
 Finland (FIN) - - 9 19 9 15 X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X 21
 France (FRA) 1 37 20 19 17 22 X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X 23
 West Germany (FRG) - - - - - - - - - X - - - X X X - X X - - - - - 6
 East Germany (GDR) - - - - - - - - - - - - - X X X X - X - - - - - 5
 Germany (GER) - 1 1 11 - X X - - - - - - - - - - - X X X X 9
 Great Britain (GBR) 2 1 67 38 7 22 X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X 23
 Greece (GRE) 50 - 7 9 9 7 X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X 22
 Haiti (HAI) - - - - - 5
 Hungary (HUN) - - 2 10 - 7 X X X X X X X X X X X - X X X X X 19
 Israel (ISR) - - - - - - - - - X - X X X X X - X X X X X X 12
 Italy (ITA) 1 - - - 10 14 X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X 20
 Japan (JPN) - - - - - - X X - X X X X X X X - X X X X X X 15
 South Korea (KOR) - - - - - - - - X X X X X X X X - X X X X X X 14
 Latvia (LAT) 2 2 2 1 1 5
 Lithuania (LTU) 1 1 1 1 4
 Mexico (MEX) - - - - - 2
 Monaco (MON) - - - - - 4 6 4 6 6 2 4 4 4 1 1 1 1 1 1 15
 Netherlands (NED) - 7 17 1 15 11 X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X 22
 New Zealand (NZL) - - - - - X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X 18
 Norway (NOR) - 5 13 28 16 13 X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X 22
 Poland (POL) - - - - - 7
 Portugal (POR) - - - - 5 8
 Romania (ROU) - 1 - - - 5 X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X 19
 Russia (RUS) - - - 26 -
 South Africa (RSA) - - - 28 7 7
 Spain (ESP) - - - - 7 1
 Sweden (SWE) - - 19 62 28 19 X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X 21
 Switzerland (SUI) 1 8 - - 15 7 X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X 21
 United States (USA) 3 - 17 26 29 21 X X X X X X X X X X X X - X X X X X X 21
No. of nations 7 9 0 14 16 18 27
No. of shooters 61 75 0 215 283 238 258

Medal table[edit]

Updated as of 2012 Olympics

Rank Nation Gold Silver Bronze Total
1  United States (USA) 53 29 25 107
2  China (CHN) 21 13 15 49
3  Soviet Union (URS) 17 15 17 49
4  Sweden (SWE) 15 23 18 56
5  Great Britain (GBR) 13 15 16 44
6  Norway (NOR) 13 8 11 32
7  France (FRA) 12 12 11 35
8  Russia (RUS) 9 13 9 31
9  Germany (GER) 7 12 10 29
10  Hungary (HUN) 7 8 5 20
11  South Korea (KOR) 7 3 7 17
12  Switzerland (SUI) 6 7 1 14
13  Romania (ROM) 6 6 8 20
14  Unified Team (EUN) 6 4 5 15
15  Italy (ITA) 5 2 1 8
16  Finland (FIN) 4 7 10 21
17  Bulgaria (BUL) 4 6 6 16
18  West Germany (FRG) 4 4 3 11
19  Poland (POL) 4 3 5 12
20  Canada (CAN) 4 3 2 9
 Czechoslovakia (TCH) 4 3 2 9
22  Australia (AUS) 4 1 5 10
23  Ukraine (UKR) 4 1 2 7
24  Denmark (DEN) 3 10 5 18
25  East Germany (GDR) 3 8 5 16
26  Greece (GRE) 3 4 3 10
27  Yugoslavia (YUG) 3 1 2 6
28  Czech Republic (CZE) 2 3 4 9
29  Belgium (BEL) 1 4 3 8
30  Austria (AUT) 1 2 5 8
31  Belarus (BLR) 1 2 4 7
32  Japan (JPN) 1 2 3 6
33  India (IND) 1 2 1 4
34  Peru (PER) 1 2 0 3
35  Brazil (BRA) 1 1 1 3
36  Cuba (CUB) 1 0 3 4
37  Azerbaijan (AZE) 1 0 2 3
 Slovenia (SLO) 1 0 2 3
39  Croatia (CRO) 1 0 1 2
 Unified Team of Germany (EUA) 1 0 1 2
 North Korea (PRK) 1 0 1 2
42  Lithuania (LTU) 1 0 0 1
 United Arab Emirates (UAE) 1 0 0 1
44  Slovakia (SVK) 0 2 3 5
45  Spain (ESP) 0 2 1 3
 Kazakhstan (KAZ) 0 2 1 3
47  Colombia (COL) 0 2 0 2
48  Independent Olympic Participants (IOP) 0 1 2 3
49  Mongolia (MGL) 0 1 1 2
 Netherlands (NED) 0 1 1 2
 Serbia (SRB) 0 1 1 2
52  Argentina (ARG) 0 1 0 1
 Chile (CHI) 0 1 0 1
 Latvia (LAT) 0 1 0 1
 Moldova (MDA) 0 1 0 1
 Mexico (MEX) 0 1 0 1
 Portugal (POR) 0 1 0 1
 South Africa (RSA) 0 1 0 1
 Serbia and Montenegro (SCG) 0 1 0 1
60  Kuwait (KUW) 0 0 2 2
61  Georgia (GEO) 0 0 1 1
 Haiti (HAI) 0 0 1 1
 Qatar (QAT) 0 0 1 1
 New Zealand (NZL) 0 0 1 1
 Venezuela (VEN) 0 0 1 1
Total 258 259 257 774

See also[edit]

References[edit]