|This article needs additional citations for verification. (September 2009)|
|• chairman||S. Krishnadas|
|• Total||32.28 km2 (12.46 sq mi)|
|Elevation||49 m (161 ft)|
|• Density||1,302/km2 (3,370/sq mi)|
|• Official||Malayalam, English|
|Time zone||IST (UTC+5:30)|
|Sex ratio||1000:1096 ♂/♀|
Shoranur (Malayalam: ഷൊര്ണൂര്) is a small town and a municipality in Palakkad district, in the Indian state of Kerala, located on the banks of the Bharathapuzha River. It covers 32.28 km2. It is a major transport hub, hosting the largest railway station in the state. Kerala Kalamandalam, the premier centre for classical arts such as Kathakali and Koodiyattam, is located at Cheruthuruthi, across the river.
'Shornur' is named in revenue records as ‘Chiramannur/ Cheramannur’ and in railway records ‘Cherumannur’. Chiramannur was transformed into Shoranur. This name Chiramannur might have derived from the relation of this place to Bharatappuzha..
Shoranur is located at  It has an average elevation of 49 metres (160 feet)..
shoranur comes under ottapalam urban Agglomeration, which according to the 2011 was the 13th largest in the state . the municipal area as of 2001 census, had a population of 42,022, with women constituting 52% of the population. while the literacy level stood at 84%, 10% of the population was under the age of 6. Among the various religious groups Hindus predominate the population with sizable Muslim and Christian minorities.
Shoranur was a part of Kavalappara Desam, a petty feudatory under the Raja of Valluvanad (Valluvakonathari), which extended from Bharatapuzha to Mundakkottukurussi. The ruler of the desam was given the title of Moopil Nair, who wielded powers on behalf of the raja. With the fall of Valluvanad the area first passed on to the hands of the Samoothiri of Kozhikode, and then in 1792 became a part of British India. The palace of Moopil Nair can be seen today on the Shoranur-Kavalappara road near the Eruppe Siva temple.
Under the British, Shoranur came into prominence, being at the border of the British empire and the erstwhile states of Kochi and Travancore. the advent of railways literally made it the gateway to British India. A mini industrial revolution was ushered in the early 1900s with the establishment of metal industries and the extension of railways south of the bharatapuzha. with the formation of the state of kerala, shornur became a panchayat in 1961 and a municipality in 1978.
the 1980s saw the construction of a link line 1 km from the shoranur junction railway station. With most of the long distance trains using the line to bye pass the station, the importance of shoranur junction started to fade. labour issues in the industrial sector resulted in closure of many of those units, sending the local economy into stagnation. By the 2000s shornur was eclipsed by the steady transformation of the nearby towns of ottapalam and pattambi and by 2011 census it became a part of ottapalam Urban Agglomeration.
Shornur forms a part of the Palakkad industrial belt . with agricultural tools being the major chunk of the produce.
C. K. Menon, who trained in metallurgy from Sheffield (U.K.) was the pioneer of the industrial revolution in the area. In 1929 he started Shornur's first industrial unit, producing agricultural tools for both domestic use and export. His success was followed by others setting up similar industries. The railway brought in cheaper raw materials and a wider market, turning shoranur into Sheffield of the region . the second world war caused diversification of the industries and the boom continued till the early 1980s. the labor issues and the Persian Gulf boom in the 80s created severe labor shortages sending these industries into severe losses and ultimately to closure.
The major industrial units at shornur today are:
- South India Metal Company
- The Metal Industries
- Sree Narayana Metal Industries
Shornur Junction is the largest Railway Junction in Kerala with seven platforms and four railway lines branching off to Palakkad, Kozhikode, Thrissur and Nilambur . Most of the trains operating in and out of the state passes through this station with the station serving as a major transit point for the passengers from the Malabar region.
People of Shornur have been demanding for a triangular railway station as many of the long distance trains skip Shornur via the link route, 1 km from the station. When built it would be the second largest railway station in South India.
Shornur has two municipal bus stands - one at Shornur and other at Kulappulli. There are regular private bus services from these bus stands to Thrissur, Palakkad, Ottapalam, Guruvayur, Pattambi, Cherpulachery and Chelakkara. Kulappulli is the starting point of the Kulapulli-Palakkad highway which was constructed under the Kerala State Transport Project (KSTP). Long distance bus transport is provided by KSRTC. Mayilvahanam group, which is the largest bus operator in Kerala is based here.
The nearest airport is at Calicut (73 km).
Shornur became a municipality in 1978 and is divided into 27 electoral wards. It is a part of Shornur Legislative Assembly Constituency and Palakkad Parliamentary Constituency.
- Government press
- Preesa Foods & Spices (i) Pvt Ltd
- Mayilvahanam Group
- Sankar foundries
- Nila group
- Kelco Group, Vallapuzha,
- Lilacc'z Design India Pvt Ltd
- Infinisgroup, Shoranur
- Concepts Unlimited
- Karippal Motors
- RK Constructions
- Saimitra Dress Creations
- Al Ameen Engineering College
- Ariyanchira UP School
- B.E.M.L.P School (CSI School)
- St.Theresa's Convent School
- M.P.M.M.S.N Trust college
- S.N Trust Central School
- S.N Trust H S S
- Technical High School
- Maharishi Vidya Mandir
- Carmel School
- Vishnu Ayurveda College
- chalavara higher secondary school
- K.V.R High School
- Govt. High School Ganeshgiri
- jyoti engineering college
- ICCONS Kavalapara
- IPT & GPT College Red gate
- Lilacc'z Institute of Design
- NI English School
- The Shornur fire station is located at Kulappulli.
- Melam Theatre(a/c dts), Suma (formely Jawahar), Anurag(formerly SMP),Geetha.Releasing.
- P K Das institute of medical sciences located 5 km from Shornur at Vaniamkulam on the Kulappulli-Palakkad highway.
- Dr j family dental clinic.
- Indian Institute of Panchakarma, Shornur
- Kerala Kalamandalam 2 km en route to Thrissur
- Keraleeya Ayurveda Samajam
- Kayiliyad Pooram
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Shoranur.|
- shornur history
- Falling Rain Genomics, Inc - Shoranur
- Template:Http://www.censusindia.gov.in/2011-prov-results/paper2/data files/India2/Table 3 PR UA Citiees 1Lakh and Above.pdf,
- "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2004-06-16. Retrieved 2008-11-01.
- Kerala State Transport Project
- maps of india - shornur assembly constituency