Shoranur

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Shoranur
Town
Shoranur is located in Kerala
Shoranur
Shoranur
Coordinates: 10°46′N 76°17′E / 10.77°N 76.28°E / 10.77; 76.28Coordinates: 10°46′N 76°17′E / 10.77°N 76.28°E / 10.77; 76.28
Country India
State Kerala
District Palakkad
Government
 • chairman S. Krishnadas
Area
 • Total 32.28 km2 (12.46 sq mi)
Elevation 49 m (161 ft)
Population (2001)
 • Total 42,022
 • Density 1,302/km2 (3,370/sq mi)
Languages
 • Official Malayalam, English
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 679121
Telephone code 0466
Sex ratio 1000:1096 /
Website www.shornurmunicipality.in

Shoranur (Malayalam: ഷൊര്‍ണൂര്‍) is a small town and a municipality in Palakkad district, in the Indian state of Kerala, located on the banks of the Bharathapuzha River. It covers 32.28 km2. It is a major transport hub, hosting the largest railway station in the state. Kerala Kalamandalam, the premier centre for classical arts such as Kathakali and Koodiyattam, is located at Cheruthuruthi, across the river.

Etymology[edit]

Shornur junction

'Shornur' is named in revenue records as ‘Chiramannur/ Cheramannur’ and in railway records ‘Cherumannur’. Chiramannur was transformed into Shoranur. This name Chiramannur might have derived from the relation of this place to Bharatappuzha.[1]

Geography[edit]

Shoranur is located at 10°46′N 76°17′E / 10.77°N 76.28°E / 10.77; 76.28.[2] It has an average elevation of 49 metres (160 feet).

Demographics[edit]

shoranur comes under ottapalam urban Agglomeration, which according to the 2011 was the 13th largest in the state .[3] The municipal area as of 2001 census,[4] had a population of 42,022, with women constituting 52% of the population. while the literacy level stood at 84%, 10% of the population was under the age of 6. Among the various religious groups Hindus predominate the population with sizable Muslim and Christian minorities.

History[edit]

Shoranur was a part of Kavalappara Desam, a petty feudatory under the Raja of Valluvanad (Valluvakonathari), which extended from Bharatapuzha to Mundakkottukurussi. The ruler of the desam was given the title of Moopil Nair, who wielded powers on behalf of the raja. With the fall of Valluvanad the area first passed on to the hands of the Samoothiri of Kozhikode, and then in 1792 became a part of British India. The palace of Moopil Nair can be seen today on the Shoranur-Kavalappara road near the Eruppe Siva temple.

Under the British, Shoranur came into prominence, being at the border of the British empire and the erstwhile states of Kochi and Travancore. the advent of railways literally made it the gateway to British India. A mini industrial revolution was ushered in the early 1900s with the establishment of metal industries and the extension of railways south of the bharatapuzha. with the formation of the state of kerala, shornur became a panchayat in 1961 and a municipality in 1978.

the 1980s saw the construction of a link line 1 km from the shoranur junction railway station. With most of the long distance trains using the line to bye pass the station, the importance of shoranur junction started to fade. labour issues in the industrial sector resulted in closure of many of those units, sending the local economy into stagnation. By the 2000s shornur was eclipsed by the steady transformation of the nearby towns of ottapalam and pattambi and by 2011 census it became a part of ottapalam Urban Agglomeration.[5]

Industries[edit]

simco

Shornur forms a part of the Palakkad industrial belt . with agricultural tools being the major chunk of the produce.

C. K. Menon, who trained in metallurgy from Sheffield (U.K.) was the pioneer of the industrial revolution in the area. In 1929 he started Shornur's first industrial unit, producing agricultural tools for both domestic use and export. His success was followed by others setting up similar industries. The railway brought in cheaper raw materials and a wider market, turning shoranur into Sheffield of the region . the second world war caused diversification of the industries and the boom continued till the early 1980s. the labor issues and the Persian Gulf boom in the 80s created severe labor shortages sending these industries into severe losses and ultimately to closure.

The major industrial units at shornur today are:

Transport[edit]

Shoranur Junction - Shoranur Railway Station.JPG

Shornur Junction is the largest Railway Junction in Kerala with seven platforms and four railway lines branching off to Palakkad, Kozhikode, Thrissur and Nilambur . Most of the trains operating in and out of the state passes through this station with the station serving as a major transit point for the passengers from the Malabar region.

Triangular station[edit]

People of Shornur have been demanding for a triangular railway station as many of the long distance trains skip Shornur via the link route, 1 km from the station. When built it would be the second largest railway station in South India.[citation needed]

Shornur has two municipal bus stands - one at Shornur and other at Kulapully. There are regular private bus services from these bus stands to Thrissur, Palakkad, Ottapalam, Guruvayur, Pattambi, Cherpulachery and Chelakkara. Kulapully is the starting point of the Kulapully-Palakkad highway which was constructed under the Kerala State Transport Project (KSTP).[6] Long distance bus transport is provided by KSRTC. Mayilvahanam group, which is the largest bus operator in Kerala is based here.

The nearest airport is at Calicut (73 km).

Politics[edit]

Shornur became a municipality in 1978 and is divided into 27 electoral wards. It is a part of Shornur Legislative Assembly Constituency and Palakkad Parliamentary Constituency.[7]

Other enterprises[edit]

mayilvahanam bus
  • Government press
  • Preesa Foods & Spices (i) Pvt Ltd
  • Mayilvahanam Group
  • Sankar foundries
  • Nila group
  • Kelco Group, Vallapuzha,
  • Lilacc'z Design India Pvt Ltd
  • Infinisgroup, Shoranur
  • Concepts Unlimited
  • Karippal Motors
  • RK Constructions
  • Saimitra Dress Creations
  • VISHNU TRAVALS.SHORANUR

Educational institutions[edit]

Other amenities[edit]

Tourist attractions[edit]

  • Kulapully SreeKrishna Temple-Prathishta Dinam celebrations and Kulapully Music Festival
  • Indian Institute of Panchakarma, Shornur
  • Kerala Kalamandalam 2 km en route to Thrissur
  • Keraleeya Ayurveda Samajam
  • Kayiliyad Pooram
  • Kavalappara Aryankavu pooram


See also[edit]

References[edit]