Shorne

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Shorne
Crown Lane Shorne - geograph.org.uk - 145599.jpg
The old Post Office and the top of Crown Lane
Shorne is located in Kent
Shorne
Shorne
 Shorne shown within Kent
OS grid reference TQ692710
District Gravesham
Shire county Kent
Region South East
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town Gravesend
Postcode district DA12
Dialling code 01474
Police Kent
Fire Kent
Ambulance South East Coast
EU Parliament South East England
UK Parliament Gravesham
List of places
UK
England
Kent

Coordinates: 51°24′47″N 0°25′56″E / 51.412943°N 0.432235°E / 51.412943; 0.432235

Shorne is a village and civil parish in the Gravesham District of Kent, England. The parish is three miles (4.8 km) to the east of Gravesend. Most of the land is well-drained but its marshes, the Shorne Marshes reach down to the Thames Estuary and are an SSSI amid the North Kent Marshes on the Hoo Peninsula proper.

Contemporary Shorne[edit]

Shorne village is clustered around two locations. Upper Shorne is about five kilometres east of Gravesend, south of the A226 with Lower Shorne north of the A226 extending toward the Thames Estuary and Shorne Marshes. Although most of the village occupies a shallow valley the perimeter of upper Shorne lies on some of the highest ground in the vicinity giving magnificent views of the Thames Estuary from Gravesend to Southend. There are several areas of woodland to the West and East of the village including Great Crabbles wood and Starmore woods to the east and Randall wood, Shorne wood and Brewers wood to the west. Most of the woodland to the west is part of the picturesque Shorne Wood Country Park.

Upper Shorne has its own Junior School, Medical Practice, grocery store, hair dressers and beauty parlour positioned just opposite the Village hall. A vehicle repair shop and car saleroom is located at the Shorne crossroads on the A226. There are three public houses - The Rose and Crown, The Copperfield and the See Ho.

Himansu Basu the noted Obstetrician Gynaecologist, researcher and active member of Rotary International lives in Shorne.

George Bennett (cricketer) came from Shorne.

In 1975 the serial killer, Patrick Mackay, committed his final murder at St Katherines.

Demographics[edit]

According to the census results for 2001 [1] there were 2,485 people in 1,028 households in the Parish of Shorne. Of those residents between the ages of 16 to 74, 60% had a higher qualification (at level 2 to 5) and 86% of the dwellings were owner occupied.

Transport[edit]

Three kilometres to the north, the A2 is an eight lane dual carriageway leading west into London and north via the M25 London orbital, the Dartford Tunnel and Queen Elizabeth II Bridge to the M11 and M1 motorways. Eastward the A2 connects directly to the M2 at Strood leading to the Isle of Thanet coastal resorts and to the Dover ports. Parallel to the A2 runs the Eurostar high-speed rail link to the continent via the Channel Tunnel. There is easy access to Ebbsfleet international railway station situated about 10 kilometres from Shorne near Gravesend.

Other transport issues relating to Shorne centre around a proposed new Lower Thames Crossing through Shorne Wood Country Park being reconsidered in 2013 and a new Thames Estuary Airport nearby on the Isle of Grain.

Places of Interest[edit]

Much of upper Shorne is a conservation area with thirteen listed buildings and many others of interest. These include:[2]

Little St Katherine's[edit]

Little St. Katherine's at Shorne.

Situated half way up Forge Lane, it was originally a simple yeoman's hall house from the 16th century. It is timber-framed in oak and in-filled with rough-cast plasterwork.

Pipes Place[edit]

Placed further up Forge Lane almost opposite Little St, Katherines. A local Magistrate, Richard Parker lived on the site in 1642. Jarvis Maplesden the grandson of a local tanner purchased the house early in the 18th century along with twenty acres of land, which included St. Katharine's Chapel. Several generations of the Maplesden family lived in the house and there are gravestones bearing the Maplesden name still in the churchyard. The Maplesden family is responsible for its present build and design in the Georgian style. In about 1870 George Arnold, Mayor of Gravesend, bought and restored the ruined chapel.[3] The house is now used by a religious order as flats for retired members.

St Katherines House and Chapel on Forge Lane[edit]

First recorded from the 13th century, it was turned into a malt house after the Catholic suppression. About 300 years later it was restored by George Arnold and again used as a catholic church. St. Katherine's house next to it is privately owned.

St Peter and St Paul Church[edit]

St Peter and St Paul's church at Shorne.

Dating from the Saxon era it has a double splayed window on the north side and an excellent figure of Henry of Cobham (d. 1315) to the south. The village war memorial stands just inside the main gate.

The old Post Office and adjacent houses[edit]

The post office is timber-framed with some of these still visible. Originally in red brick it now has cement rendering on the outside with clay roofing tiles. It is said that Dickens posted his manuscripts here. It is now a private house.

Prospect Cottage[edit]

Opposite the post office this is a timber-frame 17th-century house in private ownership.

The Old Vicarage[edit]

On the corner opposite Butchers Hill - this is a timber-framed home retaining some 17th-century features. Next to it there is a similar house from the Edwardian period.

Other old buildings with character include[edit]

The Rose and crown public House in The Street The Church Cottages and Smiths Cottages along Butchers Hill

Mill Cottages, Mill House and the remains of Shorne Mill[edit]

The Mill House itself is 19th-century, but the mill at the top of Mill Hill Lane is much older. In 1776 it had to be rebuilt after being struck by lightning. It was still in use in 1880, but by World War II it had lost its vanes and an observation platform was added. In 1952 most of the wooden structure was destroyed in a fire, so that there is now very little left of interest.

The War Memorial[edit]

The war memorial at Shorne.

In the grounds of St Peter and St Paul's church.

There is an old village pump along the Ridgeway.

Smiths Farm[edit]

Along Forge Lane

Methodist Chapel 1892[edit]

Founded in 1892 and situated in the street near to the old post office, it was used as a chapel until about 2008, when it was sold to be converted to a private dwelling whilst retaining many of its original features.

Zion Chapel[edit]

Dedicated in 1838, the Zion Chapel is situated along the Ridgeway. It was converted to a private residence in the 1990s and retains much of its original character.

Warren Farm[edit]

Through Swillers Lane behind Shorne Primary School is an old derelict traditional orchard. The grounds, made up of approximately 16 acres of character landscape, are owned by a local family who are dedicated to revive the land to its formal beauty. Funded only by themselves, the family, with the help of Rebecca Tunbridge have been able to restore and enhance the character of this land parcel, by grazing with Hebridean sheep, llamas and a variety of general livestock. Warren Farm has benefited from hosting a couple of local events and is planning to continue with this and other activities to encourage further interest and local support in their work. Warren Farm is a picturesque place to visit and welcomes visitors.

Swedish Timber prefabricated houses[edit]

Off Swillers Lane in Hollands Close – in 1946 the Swedish government donated some 5000 timber homes[4] to the UK in gratitude for its co-operation during the Second World War. Six of these are still in use in Shorne as three blocks of semi-detached dwellings.

Archaeology[edit]

Shorne Barrow (or tumulus) and Randalls Wood Barrow are two nearby ancient features.[5]

Randall Manor Dig - This is a 14th-century Manor currently (2012) being excavated in Shorne Wood Country Park.[6]

Landmarks[edit]

Shornemead Fort on the Thames Estuary about 4 km to the north. The fort is on the Shorne Marshes, part of the North Kent Marshes

Cobham Hall and the Darnley Mausoleum are about 3 km to the south.

Adjacent to Shorne village there is Shorne Wood Country Park, designated a Site of Special Scientific Interest for its wildlife value.

About a mile to the east of Shorne is the site of the old Gravesend Airport.

Other Views of Shorne[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ The Office for National Statistics
  2. ^ Shorne Conservation Area Statement 1999 - Gravesham Borough Council
  3. ^ Shorne: The History of a Kentish Village by A F Allen
  4. ^ British post-war temporary prefab houses
  5. ^ The Megalithic Portal
  6. ^ Discover Gravesham

External links[edit]

https://www.facebook.com/ShorneForum