Shors

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Shors
Regions with significant populations
 Russia 12,888[1]
Languages
Shor, Russian
Religion
shamanism, animism

Shors or Shorians (Shor шор-кижи, Russian: Шорцы, also transliterated as Shorts, Shortses) are a Turkic people in the Kemerovo Oblast in Russia. Their self designation is Шор, or Shor. They were also called Kuznetskie Tatars (кузнецкие татары), Kondoma Tatars (кондомские татары), Mras-Su Tatars (мрасские татары) in some of the documents of the 17th-18th centuries. In the Late 17th century shors converted to animism from shaminism, but most were considered as Orthodox.

Most of Shors live in the Tom basin along the Kondoma and Mras-Su Rivers. This region is historically called Mountainous Shoria. The Shors also live in Khakassia and Altai Republic. According to 2002 census, there were 13,975 Shors in Russia (12,601 in 1926, 16,042 in 1939, 14,938 in 1959, 15,950 in 1970, 15,182 in 1979 and 15,745 in 1989). The Shors speak their own Shor language.

Formally, they have always been considered Orthodox Christians, but most of them followed shamanism and animism as a part of their culture.

The Shors as a people formed as a result of a long process of interbreeding between the Turkic, Ugric, Samoyedic and Ket-speaking tribes. Their culture and origins are similar to those of the northern Altay people and some of the ethnic groups of the Khakas. The Shors were mainly engaged in hunting, fishing, some primitive farming, and pine nut picking. Blacksmithing and iron ore mining and melting were also important (hence, the name "Blacksmithing Tatars").

The lifestyle of the Shors changed significantly following the October Revolution of 1917. Most of them became skillful farmers, cattle-breeders, or industrial workers.

Environmental activist Alexander Arbachakov won a Whitley Award for his work preserving sustainable communities in Shor territory.[2]

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