Short SC.7 Skyvan
|SC.7 Skyvan at Oulu Airport, Finland.|
|Manufacturer||Short Brothers and Harland Ltd|
|First flight||17 January 1963|
|Variants||Short 330, Short 360|
The Skyvan is a high wing, twin-engined all-metal monoplane with a high semi-cantilever tailplane with twin rudders. The first flight of the Skyvan, the Skyvan 1, was on 17 January 1963. It is affectionately called "the shed" by pilots and crew.
Design and development
In 1958, Shorts were approached by F.G. Miles Ltd (successor company to Miles Aircraft) who were seeking backing to produce a development of the H.D.M.106 Caravan design with a high aspect ratio wing similar to that of the Hurel-Dubois HD.31. Shorts acquired the design and data gathered from trials of the Miles Aerovan based H.D.M.105 prototype. After evaluating the Miles proposal, Shorts rejected the Caravan. They developed their own design for a utility all-metal aircraft which was called the Short SC.7 Skyvan. It was popular with freight operators compared to other small aircraft because of its large rear door for loading and unloading freight. Its fuselage resembles the shape of a railroad boxcar for simplicity and efficiency.
Construction started at Queens Island, Belfast, in 1960 and the first flight of the prototype occurred on 17 January 1963, powered by two Continental piston engines. The prototype was re-engined with the intended Turbomeca Astazou turboprop engines later in 1963. The Skyvan is an all-metal, high-wing monoplane, with a braced, high aspect ratio wing, and an unpressurised, square-section fuselage. Production switched in 1968 to the Skyvan Series 3 aircraft, which replaced the Astazous with Garrett AiResearch TPE331 turboprops. A total of 153 Skyvans (plus the prototype) were produced by the time production ended in 1986.
Skyvans served widely in both military and civilian operations, with the type remaining in service in 2009 with a number of civilian operators, and in military service in Guyana and Oman.
In 1982, two Skyvans of the Argentine Naval Prefecture participated in the Falklands War. Both aircraft were ferried to Port Stanley in April 1982. One aircraft was damaged by British naval gunfire on Stanley racecourse and did not fly again; it was finally destroyed by shellfire during British bombardments on the 12/13 June. The second aircraft was used at Pebble Island where it became bogged down in the soft ground and destroyed by British fire on 15 May 1982 (see Raid on Pebble Island).
Skyvans are sometimes used for air-to-air photography and for skydiving operations. Questor Surveys of Toronto Canada converted a Skyvan 3 in 1970 for survey work.
All built by Short in Belfast.
- Skyvan 1 : prototype, one built. 2 x Continental GTSIO-520 engines.
- Skyvan 1A : re-engined prototype. 2 x 388 kW (520 hp) Turboméca Astazou engines.
- Skyvan 2 : Astazou powered production. 8 series 2 produced.
- Skyvan 3 : Garrett TPE331 powered production. 145 produced (all series 3 models)
- Skyvan 3A : higher gross weight version of Skyvan Series 3.
- Skyvan 3M : military transport version. It can be used for supply dropping, assault transport, dropping paratroops, troop transport, cargo transport, casualty evacuation, plus search and rescue missions.
- Skyvan 3M-200 : high gross weight version of Skyvan 3M (M-TOW 6,804 kg, 15,000 lb).
- Skyliner : deluxe all-passenger version.
As of July 2009 a total of 39 Skyvan aircraft remained in airline service, with Sonair (1), Swala Airlines (2), Transway Air Services (1), Deraya Air Taxi (3), Layang Layang Aerospace (1), Macair Airlines (1), Malaysia Air Charter (1), Olympic Airways (1), Pan Malaysian Air Transport (1), Wirakris Udara (1), CAE Aviation (1), Deltacraft (1), Invicta Aviation (2), Pink Aviation Services (4), Advanced Air (1), Allwest Freight (2), Era Alaska (3), GB Airlink (1), North Star Air Cargo (5), Skylift Taxi Aereo (1), Skydive Arizona (7), Skydive DeLand (1), Sydney Skydivers (2), Skydive Pennsylvania and Summit Air (2)., Sustut Air (1), Ryan Air (Alaska)
- Argentine Coast Guard, Bought five in 1971 (PA-50/PA-54, UK G-14-59/G-14-63) Two lost in 1982 in Falklands War (PA-50 & PA-54). Rest retired in 1995 [LX-JUL, LX-DEF, LX-GHI] and replaced with 5 CASA C-212 Aviocar.
- Ecuadorian Army - Former operator
- Malawi Police Force Air Wing - Former operator.
- North Yemen Air Force
- Royal Air Force of Oman - Oman continues to operate five of its original 16 Skyvans in December 2013.
- Panamanian Public Forces - Former operator.
- Republic of Singapore Air Force
- 121 Squadron, Republic of Singapore Air Force operated Skyvan 3M for Utility transport and Search-and-locate duties from 1973 to 1993.
- British Army
- Lend lease for Parachute Regiment and Airborne Forces to fill gap of the C-130 Hercules.
Specification (Short Skyvan 3)
Data from Jane's Civil and Military Upgrades 1994-95
- Crew: one-two
- Capacity: 19 passengers
- Length: 12.21 m (40 ft 1 in)
- Wingspan: 19.78 m (64 ft 11 in)
- Height: 4.6 m (15 ft 1 in)
- Wing area: 35.12 m² (378 ft²)
- Empty weight: 3,331 kg (7,344 lb)
- Max. takeoff weight: 5,670 kg (12,500 lb)
- Powerplant: 2 × Garrett AiResearch TPE-331-201 Turboprops, 533 kW (715 hp) each
- Never exceed speed: 402 km/h, 217 knots (250 mph)
- Maximum speed: 325 km/h, 175 knots (202 mph)
- Cruise speed: 317 km/h (170 knots, 197 mph)
- Stall speed: 111 km/h, 60 knots (69 mph)
- Range: 1,117 km (694 miles)
- Service ceiling: 6858 m (22,500 ft)
- Rate of climb: 500 m/min (1,640 ft/min)
- Wing loading: 136.6 kg/m² (33.5 lb/ft²)
- Related development
- Aircraft of comparable role, configuration and era
- Antonov An-28
- LET L-410
- CASA C-212 Aviocar
- DHC-6 Twin Otter
- Fairchild Dornier 228
- GAF Nomad
- Harbin Y-12
- IAI Arava
- PZL M28
- Related lists
- Burden, Rodney et al. Falkland: The Air War. London: Arms and Armour, 1986. ISBN 0-85368-842-7.
- Flight International, 3–9 October 2006
- "Short SC.7 Skyvan." sustutair.com. Retrieved: 8 January 2012.
- "Short SC.7 Skyvan." texrus.com. Retrieved: 8 January 2012.
- "Short SC.7 Skyvan Picture." facebook.com. Retrieved: 8 January 2012.
- Hoyle 2013, p. 38.
- Hoyle 2013, p. 43.
- Taylor 1982, p. 271.
- Michell, Simon, ed. Jane's Civil and Military Upgrades, Second Edition, 1994-95. London: Jane's Information Group, 1994. ISBN 0-7106-1208-7.
- Hoyle, Craig, "World Air Forces Directory". Flight International, 13–19 December 2011, pp. 26–52.
- Hoyle, Craig. "World Air Forces Directory". Flight International, Vol. 184 No. 5419. 10–16 December 2013. pp. 24–51. ISSN 0015-3710.
- Jackson, A.J. British Civil Aircraft since 1919 (2nd edition). London: Putnam, 1974. ISBN 0-370-10014-X.
- Taylor, John W. R. Jane's All The World's Aircraft 1982–83. London: Jane's Yearbooks, 1982. ISBN 0-7106-0748-2.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Short Skyvan.|
- Pink Aviation Services, Austria, operating five Skyvans
- Sydney Skydivers, Sydney Australia, operate two Skyvans
- The Skyvans of the Austrian Air Force
- A pilot relates his experiences with the Skyvan out of Anchorage and Fairbanks, Alaska