Year 11 Apis stela of Shoshenq V (Louvre Museum)
|Reign||c. 778-740 BC (22nd Dynasty)|
|Successor||Pedubast II or Osorkon IV|
|Died||c. 740 BC|
Shoshenq V was the final king of the Twenty-second dynasty of Egypt of Meshwesh Libyans which controlled Lower Egypt. He was the son of Pami according to a Year 11 Serapeum stela from his reign. His prenomen or throne name, Akheperre, means "Great is the Soul of Re."
In older literature this king is often referred to as Soshenq IV.
The burial of two Apis Bulls is recorded in Year 11 and Year 37 of his reign. Shoshenq V's highest Year date is an anonymous Year 38 donation stela from Buto created by the Libyan Chief Tefnakht of Sais which can only belong to his reign since Tefnakht was a late contemporary of this king. This stela, which reads simply as "Regnal Year 38 under the Majesty of the King of Upper and Lower Egypt, Lord of the Two Lands, BLANK, Son of Re, BLANK," may reflect the growing power of Tefnakht in the Western Delta at the expense of Shoshenq V whose name is omitted from the document.
Shoshenq V is believed to have died around 740 BC after a reign lasting 38 years. With his death, the Libyan 22nd Dynasty kingdom in the Egyptian Delta disintegrated into various city states under the control of numerous local kinglets such as Tefnakht at Sais and Buto, Osorkon IV at Bubastis and Tanis, and Iuput II at Leontopolis.
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- Peter Clayton, Chronicle of the Pharaohs, Thames & Hudson Ltd, (1994), p.185
- E.g. T.E. Peet, A Stela of the Reign of Sheshonk IV, Journal of Egyptian Archaeology 6 (1920), 56-57
- Kenneth A. Kitchen, The Third Intermediate Period in Egypt (1100–650 BC), 3rd edition, 1986, Warminster: Aris & Phillips Ltd, pp.103-104
- Kitchen, p.104
|Pharaoh of Egypt
778 – 740 BC
Twenty-second dynasty of Egypt
Pedubast II or Osorkon IV