The Duck Valley Indian Reservation was established as a homeland for members of both the Shoshone and Paiute tribes of Native Americans. It lies directly on the state line between Idaho and Nevada in the western United States. The reservation, which is in the shape of a square, is almost evenly divided in land area between the two states, with the northern 50.2 percent lying in southern Owyhee County, Idaho and the southern 49.8 percent lying in northwestern Elko County, Nevada. The total land area is 450.391 sq mi (1,166.508 km²) and a resident population of 1,265 persons was reported in the 2000 census, over 80 percent of whom lived on the Nevada side. Its only significant community is Owyhee, Nevada.
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Coordinates: 41°59′51″N 116°11′03″W / 41.99750°N 116.18417°W