Shoshone Lake

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Shoshone Lake
ShoshoneLake1989.jpg
1988
Location Yellowstone National Park, Teton County, Wyoming, US
Coordinates 44°22′20″N 110°42′45″W / 44.37222°N 110.71250°W / 44.37222; -110.71250 (Shoshone Lake)Coordinates: 44°22′20″N 110°42′45″W / 44.37222°N 110.71250°W / 44.37222; -110.71250 (Shoshone Lake)[1]
Primary outflows Lewis River
Basin countries United States
Surface area 8,050 acres (32.6 km2)
Max. depth 205 feet (62 m)
Surface elevation 7,795 feet (2,376 m)[1]

Shoshone Lake is a backcountry lake with the area of 8,050 acres (32.6 km2) elevated at 7,795 feet (2,376 m) in the southwest section of Yellowstone National Park, Wyoming, US. It lies at the headwaters of the Lewis River a tributary of the Snake River. The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service believes that Shoshone Lake is the largest backcountry lake in the lower 48 states that cannot be reached by a road.[2]

History[edit]

Shoshone Lake has had many names since it was first viewed by fur trappers in the early 19th century. Jim Bridger may have visited the lake in 1833, but certainly visited it in 1846. Trapper Osborne Russell visited the lake in 1839. During this period the lake was called Snake Lake. A map created by Father Pierre-Jean De Smet in 1851 showed the lake as DeSmet's Lake. Walter DeLacy, the Montana map maker named the lake DeLacy's Lake when he passed through the area in 1863.

During the Cook–Folsom–Peterson Expedition, the party camped at the north end of the lake on September 29, 1869 but did not refer to it by name in their journals. They did however incorrectly believe at the time that Shoshone Lake was the source of the Firehole and Madison Rivers.[3] The belief that Shoshone Lake was the headwater lake for the Madison drainage continued during the Washburn-Langford-Doane Expedition in 1871. They viewed the lake to the south as they crossed the Continental Divide on September 17, 1870.[4] Cornelius Hedges, a member of the Washburn expedition named the lake Washburn Lake to honor the expedition leader Henry D. Washburn, but that name was short-lived[2]

A. C. Peale of the Hayden Geological Survey of 1871 visited Shoshone Lake in August 1871 but referred to it as Madison Lake.[5]

During the Hayden Geologic Survey of 1872, Frank Bradley, a member of the survey confirmed the lake was in the Snake River drainage and named the lake Shoshone Lake based on the Indian name of the Snake River.[2]

Shoshone Geyser Basin[edit]

Shoshone Geyser Basin in 1878

Located at the southwest end of the lake, The Shoshone Geyser Basin contains one of the highest concentrations of geysers in the world - more than 80 in an area 1,600 feet (490 m) by 800 feet (240 m).[6] Hot springs and mudpots dot the landscape between the geyser basin and the lake.

Angling Shoshone Lake[edit]

Prior to 1890, Shoshone Lake was barren of fish as Lewis Falls on the Lewis River was a barrier to upstream migration. In 1890, fisheries personnel planted Lake and Brown trout and created a popular fishery, especially for large Brown trout in the fall.[7] The lake also contains the Utah chub which was probably inadvertently introduced by bait anglers in the 1950s. Brook Trout were planted in several tributary streams and are occasionally found in the lake. Angling is restricted to fly fishing or artificial lures.[8] Boating on Shoshone Lake is restricted to hand-powered craft only, which means Float tubes, Kayaks or Canoes .[9] The lake is accessible by water via Lewis Lake and the Lewis River channel. Several trails provide access to the western, northern and eastern shoreline of the lake. The Shoshone Lake trail connects the Upper Geyser Basin and the Lewis River channel while passing through the Shoshone Geyser Basin at the southwest end of the lake. The DeLacy Creek trail provides access to the northern and eastern shoreline via the Grand Loop Road near Craig Pass. The Dogshead trail and Lewis River Channel trail provide access from the south entrance road near Lewis Lake. There are 20 backcountry campsites on Shoshone Lake.[10]

Images of Shoshone Lake
Shoshone Lake 
Union geyser, Shoshone Geyser Basin, 1955 
Sunset, 1970 
Lewis River Channel Outlet, 1989 

See also[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • Franke, Mary Ann (Fall 1996). "A Grand Experiment-100 Years of Fisheries Management in Yellowstone: Part I". Yellowstone Science (Yellowstone Center for Resources, National Park Service) 4 (4). 
  • Parks, Richard (1998). Fishing Yellowstone National Park. Helena, MT: Falcon Press. ISBN 1-56044-625-0. 
  • Mathews, Craig; Molinero, Clayton (1997). The Yellowstone Fly-Fishing Guide—An authoritative guide to the waters of Yellowstone National Park. Guilford, CT: The Lyons Press. ISBN 1-55821-545-X. 

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Shoshone Lake". Geographic Names Information System, U.S. Geological Survey. 
  2. ^ a b c Whittlesey, Lee (1988). Yellowstone Place Names. Helena, MT: Montana Historical Society Press. p. 138. ISBN 0-917298-15-2. 
  3. ^ Cook, Charles W.; Folsom, Dave E.; Peterson, William (1965). Haines, Aubrey L., ed. The Valley of the Upper Yellowstone-An Exploration of the Headwaters of the Yellowstone River in the Year 1869. Norman, OK: University of Oklahoma Press. pp. 40–42. 
  4. ^ The report of Lieutenant Gustavus C. Doane upon the so-called Yellowstone Expedition of 1870, presented to the Secretary of War, February 1871
  5. ^ Merrill, Marlene Deahl, ed. (1999). Yellowstone and the Great West-Journals, Letters and Images from the 1871 Hayden Expedition. Lincoln, NE: University of Nebraska Press. p. 268. ISBN 0-8032-3148-2. 
  6. ^ Yellowstone Resources and Issues, 2006, page 200
  7. ^ Schullery, Paul; Varley, John D. (1998). Yellowstone Fishes—Ecology, History, and Angling in the Park. Mechanicsburg, PA: Stackpole Books. pp. 105–106. ISBN 0-8117-2777-7. 
  8. ^ 2009 Yellowstone National Park Fishing Regulations
  9. ^ Yellowstone National Park Boating Regulations
  10. ^ "Yellowstone Backcountry Trip Planner". National Park Service. 2009. Retrieved 2009-12-15.