Shot heard 'round the world
The "shot heard 'round the world" is a phrase that has come to represent several historical incidents. The line is originally from the opening stanza of Ralph Waldo Emerson's "Concord Hymn" (1837), and referred to the beginning of the American Revolutionary War in the battles of Lexington and Concord. This armed conflict started a chain of events which subsequently led to the signing of the Declaration of Independence and the Thirteen Colonies achieving independence from Britain.
Later, in Europe and the Commonwealth of Nations, the phrase became synonymous with the shot that killed Archduke Franz Ferdinand and plunged Europe into World War I. Since then, the phrase has also been used to allude to the importance of single actions in sporting and other cultural and social events.
Assassination of Franz Ferdinand 
In Europe and the Commonwealth of Nations, formerly known as the British Commonwealth, which is mostly made up of countries that were formerly part of the British Empire (except for Mozambique and Rwanda), the phrase "shot heard around the world" has become associated with Serbian Gavrilo Princip's assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria in Sarajevo, an event considered to be one of the immediate causes of World War I.
Princip fired two shots, the first hitting Duchess Sophie, with the second hitting Archduke Franz. The death of the Archduke, heir to the Austro-Hungarian throne, propelled Austria-Hungary and the rest of Europe into what was known as the "War To End All Wars".
In sports 
The phrase has been applied to several dramatic moments in sports history.
- In baseball, it refers to Bobby Thomson's game-winning home run that clinched the 1951 National League pennant for the New York Giants.
- In International Men's Ice Hockey, it refers to the winning goal of Paul Henderson in the final seconds of the 8th and final match to secure Team Canada's victory in the 1972 Canada-USSR Summit-series. The goal was made famous by a Frank Lennon photograph. In 1980, it was used to refer to the game-winning goal scored by U.S. Olympic team captain Mike Eruzione, putting the U.S. team in the lead for good with 10:00 minutes remaining against the highly favored Soviet Union Olympic team (the U.S. went on to win an improbable gold medal against Finland two days later). In 1987, it referred to the game-winning goal scored by Canada's Mario Lemieux with 1:26 remaining in the third and final game of the Canada Cup finals versus the Soviet Union.
- In National Hockey League (NHL), refers to the winning goal of Bobby Orr in the May 10, 1970 playoff game, when he scored one of the most famous goals in hockey history and one that gave Boston its first Stanley Cup since 1941.
- In golf, it is used most often to describe Gene Sarazen's albatross on the fifteenth hole at the 1935 Masters Tournament, which helped propel him into a 36-hole playoff with Craig Wood. Sarazen would win the playoff by five strokes.
- In college basketball, it refers to the last second shot by Ernie Calverley of the University of Rhode Island against Bowling Green State University which tied the 1946 National Invitation Tournament quarterfinal game and sent it into overtime. Rhode Island went on to win the game 82-79.
- In U.S. soccer, it is used to describe the goal scored by Paul Caligiuri for the United States against Trinidad and Tobago in Port of Spain in 1989. The win propelled the team to the 1990 FIFA World Cup, helping to start a resurgence of American soccer, which has seen the U.S. appear in every World Cup since that time, including its hosting of the 1994 World Cup, which in turn led to the creation of Major League Soccer.
In popular culture 
- Schoolhouse Rock! also used the event in a song for their morning program in a song entitled "Shot Heard 'Round the World," as reference o the American Revolution.
- Various sources have made the play-on-words "herd shot 'round the world" in reference to rocketry and cows.
- In the 2006 film Delirious the phrase is used by a Hollywood talk show host as a description of a photo taken by one of the film's main characters.
- On the 2009 album Love Drunk by the pop-rock band Boys Like Girls one of the tracks is titled "The Shot Heard 'Round The World".
- The 1986 album Bedtime for Democracy by the band Dead Kennedys contained a song called "Potshot heard around the world" which discussed the 1983 Beirut barracks bombing.
In media 
- During the 2009 swine flu outbreak The New York Times referred to 'patient zero', a 5-year-old Mexican boy named Édgar Hernández, as the source of "Coughs Heard Round the World."
- In 2006, the phrase was used by Newsweek and other news outlets in describing then-Vice President Dick Cheney's accidental shooting of Harry Whittington while quail hunting in Texas.
- In a December 2010 article in The New York Times, EFF co-founder John Perry Barlow described the unprecedented online activism in support of Julian Assange by the collective Anonymous during Operation Payback as "the shot heard round the world — this is Lexington."
- Peretz, Howard G. (1999). It Ain't Over 'Till The Fat Lady Sings: The 100 Greatest Sports Finishes of All Time. New York: Barnes and Nobles Books. pp. 4–5. ISBN 0-7607-1707-9.
- Lucas, Dean (2013). "1972 Canada-Soviet Hockey Goal". famouspictures.org. Retrieved May 22, 2013.
- Podnieks 2003, p. 33.
- Peretz, pp 214-215
- Peretz, pp 44-45
- Robledo, Fred J (1999-11-19). "Kick Start: Ten years later, one goal still means a lot". The (Los Angeles) Daily News. Retrieved 2007-12-01.
- "The Shot Heard Round the World". Schoolhouse Rock. Retrieved 2007-10-28.
- "Dog Story". Time (Time Inc.). 1957-11-18. Retrieved 2007-11-29.
- David, Leonard (2000). "The National Reconnaissance Office has designed, built and operated the U.S. fleet of spy satellites since 1961". Space.com. Imaginova Corp. Retrieved 2007-11-29.
- Lacey, Marc (2009-04-28). "From Édgar, 5, Coughs Heard Round the World". New York Times. Retrieved 2009-04-29.
- Thomas, Evan (2006-02-07). "The Shot Heard 'Round the World". Newsweek. Retrieved 2007-10-28.
- Cohen, Noam (December 10, 2010). "Web Attackers Find a Cause in WikiLeaks". The New York Times. Retrieved 11 December 2010.