Shotover

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For the river in New Zealand, see Shotover River. For the racehorse, see Shotover (horse).

Shotover is a hill and forest in Oxfordshire, England.

Shotover Hill is 3 miles (4.8 km) east of Oxford. Its highest point is 557 feet (170 m) above sea level.

Early history[edit]

The toponym may be derived from the Old English scoet ofer, meaning "steep slope". Shotover was part of the Wychwood royal forest[1] from around the period of the Domesday Book until 1660.

Shotover giant[edit]

A hill figure is recorded as having once been carved on the hill. Antiquarian John Aubrey writes:

"On Shotover Hill [near Oxford] was heretofore (not long before the Civil Wars, in the memory of man) the effigies of a Giant cut in the earth, as the White Horse by Ashbury Park"[2]

Shotover Road[edit]

The road between London and Oxford used to pass over the top of Shotover Hill. The road was made into a turnpike under the 1719 Stokenchurch Turnpike Act.

Shotover House[edit]

Shotover House and garden were begun in about 1714 for James Tyrrell of Oakley. Tyrell died in 1718 and the house was completed by his son, General James Tyrell. There is no known record of the name of the architect. In 1855 the architect Joshua Sims added two wings in the same style of the original part of the house.[1]

The garden was begun in 1718 and completed in 1730. It is a rare survivor of formal gardens of this period, laid out along an east–west axis 1,200 yards (1,100 m) long. The centrepiece of the garden east of the house is a straight canal, ending with a Gothic Revival folly. The architect of the folly is unknown, but if it was built before 1742 it may be one of the earliest examples of the Gothic Revival. The garden west of the house has a similarly long vista, ending with an octagonal temple designed in the 1730s by William Kent.[1]

During the Second World War there was a prisoner-of-war camp in the grounds.[citation needed]

Lieutenant-Colonel Sir John Miller, GCVO, DSO, MC, Crown Equerry 1961–87 lived in Shotover House for most of his life. He died on May 17, 2006, aged 87. It is now owned by Sir Beville Douglas Stanier, 3rd Baronet.[3][4][5][6]

References in Popular Culture[edit]

Shotover Hill is also a track on the album Supergrass.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Sherwood & Pevsner, 1974, pp. 763–765
  2. ^ Crawford, O. G. S. (September 1929). "The Giant of Cerne and other Hill-figures". Antiquity 3 (11): 277–282.  Refers to John Aubrey's Monumenta Britannica, unpublished manuscript in the Bodleian, part 2, folio 242b
  3. ^ "Tory grandee calls police after gay doggers target estate". The Telegraph. 26 November 2010. Retrieved 2 March 2014. 
  4. ^ "Tory grandee calls in police over gay cruisers on his land'". Pink News. 26 November 2010. Retrieved 2 March 2014. 
  5. ^ "Queen's friend calls in police after his estate is overrun with people having outdoor sex". The Daily Mail. 27 November 2010. Retrieved 2 March 2014. 
  6. ^ Allen, Emily (25 November 2010). "Lay-by 'still being used as a sex blackspot'". The Oxford Times. Retrieved 2 March 2014. 

Sources and further reading[edit]

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 51°44′58″N 1°10′54″W / 51.74944°N 1.18167°W / 51.74944; -1.18167