Shotton Colliery

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Coordinates: 54°45′35″N 1°23′39″W / 54.759830°N 1.3942000°W / 54.759830; -1.3942000

Shotton Colliery
Memorial Pit Wheel Shotton Colliery - geograph.org.uk - 662090.jpg
Memorial Pit Wheel, Shotton Colliery.
Shotton Colliery is located in County Durham
Shotton Colliery
Shotton Colliery
 Shotton Colliery shown within County Durham
OS grid reference NZ3908240712
Unitary authority County Durham
Ceremonial county County Durham
Region North East
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Police Durham
Fire County Durham and Darlington
Ambulance North East
EU Parliament North East England
List of places
UK
England
County Durham

Shotton Colliery is a parish in County Durham, England. It is situated west of Peterlee.

The two villages in the parish of Shotton are Old Shotton, a small village southeast of the main village, now merged into the town of Peterlee.

History[edit]

Old Shotton can be traced back as far as 900 AD, when it was known as Scitton, which in Old English means 'of the Scots', The village name [1] was first recorded in 1165 as 'Sottun'. By the 16th century, when Eaington was under the control of Prince Bishops, the village had become known as Shotton.

In 1756, the Brandlings built Shotton Hall and through marriage this eventually passed to the Burdon family.

The Colliery[edit]

In 1840, the Haswell Coal Company began to sink a colliery to the west of Old Shotton, near Shotton Grange Farm. This pit had 'won'[clarification needed] the following year and the village of Shotton Colliery soon started to develop.

The pit was initially prosperous, but closed on November 3, 1877, causing people to leave the village to work at other pits in the area. In 1900, the pit reopened and grew rapidly. As the Colliery grew bigger, the village became more populated. More housing was built, making other industries, including the Coke Works and the Brick Works, less popular.

By 1947, the original houses, east of the railway line were in disrepair. Most of the bottom of Front Street was knocked down.

In 1972, the National Coal Board announced that it was closing the colliery, at a cost of 800 jobs. Easington District Council built new housing in the 1970s, pulling down most of the remaining pit houses in an attempt to improve the village. Throughout most of the 1970s, work was done to remove the pit heap, which was at one time the largest in the country. The Brick Works and Coke Works went with the pit.

The only pit building left is now used as a kitchen factory. The remains of the pit baths remain semi-derelict.

Present-day[edit]

The village is now almost empty of work. On the colliery site a few small industrial units survive, but the main source of employment seems to be call centers which opened east of the village, cutting Shotton Colliery and Old Shotton in half.

Most of the parish's pubs, cinemas and the railway station are demolished or converted to other uses. A small number of shops are left.

Some of the buildings at Grange Farm remain and now overlook fields as they did in the 1840s, one of which hosts a small airstrip.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Site Details". Keystothepast.info. Retrieved 2013-11-10. 

External links[edit]

Media related to Shotton Colliery at Wikimedia Commons