film (top) book (bottom)
|Last appearance||Thriller Night|
|Created by||William Steig|
|Voiced by||Mike Myers
Michael Gough (video games, Thriller Night)
Jim Cummings (ADR work)
Chris Farley (original, early recordings)
|Children||Fergus, Farkle and Felicia|
|Relatives||King Harold (father-in-law, deceased)
Queen Lillian (mother-in-law)
Arthur Pendragon (cousin-in-law)
Shrek is a fictional ogre character created by American author, William Steig, who appears as the main protagonist in books of the same name, and in eponymous films by DreamWorks Animation. He is the main protagonist of the book and the movies. The name "Shrek" is derived from the German word, Schreck, and the Yiddish word, שרעק (shrek), both meaning "fright" or "terror". Shrek is voiced by Mike Myers (and is the only animated role Myers has done in his career), although it was planned for him to be voiced by Chris Farley before his death in 1997, and played by Brian d'Arcy James in the musical.
||This article's character summary possibly contains original research. (April 2013)|
Shrek is a large, green, physically intimidating ogre, described by Mike Myers as "a Scottish guy who's lived in Scarborough for 40 years". Even though his background is something of a mystery, in the musical and the book, it is revealed that on his seventh birthday Shrek was sent away by his parents because it was an ogre tradition. He is seen traveling alone, either being screamed at or teased by passers-by. The only time he receives a pleasant greeting is a wave from a young Fiona, who is promptly led away by her parents. After scaring away an angry mob, he arrives at his swamp, enters an outhouse and literally breaks out as the adult Shrek. Though surly, misanthropic, and venomously cranky, Shrek is peaceful and doesn't care to hurt anyone, but he just wants to live his life in solitude and be left alone. Shrek is befriended by Donkey, an excitable, hyperactive, and talking donkey. It's notable that when Shrek's first seen, he's successfully scaring off villagers by roaring at them, but it later becomes obvious that they were only attacking him because he's an ogre, not because he did anything wrong. In the first Shrek movie, during a conversation with Donkey, he laments that he is constantly judged by the outside world the minute people meet him, and is thus better off alone ("Look, I'm not the one with the problem, alright? It's the world that seems to have a problem with me. People take one look at me and go 'Aah! Help! Run! A big stupid ugly ogre!' They judge me before they even know me. That's why I'm better off alone."). This implies that he became a recluse after trying and failing to find acceptance among others. Another factor causing lack of acceptance can be found in Shrek the Third, it's revealed Shrek had a father who tried to eat him as Shrek stated, "I guess I should have seen it coming. He used to bathe me in barbecue sauce and put me to bed with an apple in my mouth," even though he may have been joking. He is primarily known for his philosophical insights relating to the nature of onions and their layers.
Shrek lives in a big Ogre Swamp, which is green and murky, like any other swamp. The swamp contains small and big ponds of muddy water and it also has geysers that squirt out mud. The swamp contains the living quarters of Shrek which consists of an outhouse and Shrek's house. The swamp is also a home to different kinds of species including the swamp slug that Shrek uses for his toothpaste. This opening sequence portrays Shrek as a real grubby beast. When he finds squatters where he lives, he attempts to evict them only to learn he has no legal recourse against them, for he does not own the swamp. Shrek is hired by Lord Farquaad to rescue Princess Fiona in exchange for the deed to the swamp, to which he can legally banish the squatters. However, during the course of the mission, Shrek falls deeply in love with Fiona. Since he's an ogre, Shrek has a considerable amount of physical strength, being able to break wood and metal constructs, get in physical combat with a number of armored humans and usually winning, unintentionally destroying a wooden vessel with a bottle of wine, and even lifting or turning objects that are too heavy for a normal human being, such as a gigantic vat of magic potion against the maximum security of the Fairy Godmother in Shrek 2.
In Shrek and the Swamp Gang Karaoke Dance Party, Shrek sings "Just the Way You Are". In Far Far Away Idol, he sang "What I Like About You" by The Romantics with Fiona. Shrek has a little problem socializing due to the fact that people think he is a mean ugly ogre, even though his appearance is remarkably humanoid, with a few cosmetic exceptions. In being in the process Shrek is said to have sociophobia. However, from Shrek the Third onward, Shrek has become a well-liked celebrity, at least in Far Far Away. In the fourth movie, people managed to realize that Shrek isn't dangerous and lost their fear and prejudice over him, but to Shrek's dismay, they also come to regard him as a folk hero and visit him with even more frequency than before, disturbing him. But after the experiences of the movie, Shrek comes to appreciate his life more than ever.
Character development for film
DreamWorks originally cast Chris Farley to voice Shrek. Farley had recorded 80 to 90% (or 95% according to his father Tom) of the dialogue for the character, but died in December 1997 before completing the project. This would result in development of the film being scrapped involving storyboards and six recording sessions, which cost $34 million alone. Shrek screenwriter Terry Rossio describes Farley's vocal performance as "the good hearted young ogre as being extraordinary".
DreamWorks then re-cast the voice role to Mike Myers, who insisted on a complete script rewrite, to leave no traces of Farley's version of Shrek. After Myers had completed providing the voice for the character, after a February 2000 rough cut of the film, he asked to re-record all of his lines in a Scottish accent similar to the one his mother had used when she told him bedtime stories and also used in previous films he was in such as, So I Married an Axe Murderer (1993) and Austin Powers: The Spy Who Shagged Me (1999). Myers explained his decision, "There is a class struggle in Shrek between the fairy-tale kings and queens and the common people. I always thought that Shrek was raised working-class. And since Lord Farquaad (the villain) was played English, I thought of Scottish". After hearing the alternative, Katzenberg agreed to redo scenes in the film, saying, "It was so good we took $4m worth of animation out and did it again."
Myers stated that why he was interested in voicing the character was due to his memories with his mother of acting out fairy tales:
My mother used to take me to the library in Toronto to check out the fairy tales. And she was an actress, so she used to act out for me the different characters in all these fairy tales. And then my mother would change stuff. Like because she's from Liverpool, Babar the elephant would be from Liverpool too. So I have all these great memories and associations with those stories. And I thought, when I have kids, that's the sort of well told, silly, and fun fairy tale that I would want to take them to. But it was an amazing experience. And I think Shrek is a real classic, a fairy tale classic.
Myers later reported: "I got a letter from Spielberg thanking me so much for caring about the character... And he said the Scottish accent had improved the movie." Some early sketches of 'Shrek's house were done in 1996 through 1997 using Photoshop, with the sketches showing Shrek first living in a garbage dump near a human village called Wart Creek. It was also thought one time that he lived with his parents and kept rotting fish in his bedroom. Art Director Douglas Rogers visited a magnolia plantation in Charleston, South Carolina for inspiration for Shrek's swamp.
Reception and other media appearances
Shrek appears in the stage musical version of the 2001 film which debuted in 2008. The role was originated by Broadway actor Brian d'Arcy James, who earned a Tony nomination for it. The character has remained virtually unchanged in the musical, as does the plot. However, various minor details differ between the musical and the film. Other actors to play the role include Ben Crawford (Broadway), Eric Petersen (National Tour), Jacob Ming-Trent (Broadway understudy), Brian Gonzales (Broadway/National Tour understudy), David Foley, Jr. (National Tour understudy), and from 2011 - Nigel Lindsay (West End).
Shrek appears in three segments of MAD: "Law & Ogre" (a parody of Law & Order), "Cloudy with a Chance of Flavor" (a fake ad for a cereal brand), and "Celebrity Wife Swamp" (a parody of Celebrity Wife Swap). In The Master of Disguise (2002), Dana Carvey's character briefly imitates Shrek.
- Adam B. Vary (June 1, 2010). "The 100 Greatest Characters of the Last 20 Years: Here's our full list!". Entertainment Weekly. Time Inc. Retrieved July 7, 2012.
- Zipes, Jack David (2002). Breaking the Magic Spell: Radical Theories of Folk and Fairy Tales. University Press of Kentucky. ISBN 0-8131-7030-3.[page needed]
- Hill, Jim (May 16, 2004). "How "Shrek" went from being a train wreck to one for the record books". JimHillMedia.com. Retrieved August 3, 2011.
- Jensen, Jeff (June 22, 2001). "High Toon". Entertainment Weekly. p. 2. Retrieved May 13, 2012.
- Rossio, Terry. "We're Not Worthy". Wordplayer.com. Retrieved April 25, 2012.
- Beck, Jerry (2010). The Animated Movie Guide. Chicago Review Press. p. 248. ISBN 1556525915.
- Wloszczyna, Susan (May 23, 2010). "Mike Myers muses on the end of 'Shrek,' an era and an ogre". USA Today. Retrieved March 12, 2012.
- "Mike Myers forces £4m rejig of Shrek". The Guardian. May 2, 2001. Retrieved January 28, 2012.
- "Shrek: Interview With Mike Myers". Culture.com. Retrieved May 12, 2013.
- "Shrek's appeal; WHY MYERS' OGRE JUST HAD TO HAVE SCOTS ACCENT" at thefreelibrary.com
- "Shrek's house, early concept". Paul Shardlow. Sketchbook. May 27, 2010.
- "Shrek : Production Information". Culture.com. Retrieved February 4, 2012.
- Tracy, Joe (2001). "Animating Shrek - Behind the scenes". digitalmediafx.com. Retrieved February 5, 2012.
- Photo Coverage: Shrek Honored On The Hollywood Walk Of Fame