Shrēṣṭha (Nepali: श्रेष्ठ) is a Newar (Nepal Bhasa: नेवा) surname meaning "most excellent" or "Noble" in Sanskrit. Prior to the unification of modern Nepal they served as administrators and courtiers in the court of the Malla Kings of Nepal. After the unification of Nepal, Shresthas took up business and trading since the former position as administrators and courtiers were supplanted by the invading Gorkha forces. Shresthas are now one of the most dynamic communities of Nepal and have excelled in professional careers such as medicine, civil aviation, science and technology, government service as well as finance and banking.
Language, culture and religion
Shrestha is one of the oldest community groups in Nepal.Shrestha is an upper newar caste and descended from old royal families in Nepal. They are a part of the Newar community of Kathmandu valley. As with all Newars, their mother tongue is Nepal Bhasa one of the Tibeto-Burman languages. Shresthas are mostly Hindu (shiva margi) or Buddhist (buddha margi).
The word "Shrestha" was derived from Newa Vaya word Syasya which itself is believed to be derived from Sanskrit.Shasya means warrior in Nepal Bhasa(Newa Bhaya). Shresthas(or,Syasya) served as administrators and courtiers during the rule of the Malla Newar kings that ruled Nepal for six hundred years – known as the "Golden Era" of Nepal – when much of the cultural and architectural development of Nepal took place. They took a prominent role in the governance and administration of the nation and fought against the Gorkha invasion. They also bravely contributed to protect their country Nepal from external powers like the Mughal and British empire since lichivi era to saha era .Shresthas used to be excellent] in pre and mid historic period.
Politics and civil administration
- Marich Man Singh Shrestha – Prime Minister of Nepal, 1986–90
- Ganga Lal Shrestha – Politician, One of the four famous Martyr of Nepal
- Narayan Kaji Shrestha – Politician, Deputy Prime Minister, 2011–12
- Krishna Mohan Shrestha – First Inspector General of Armed Police Force (Nepal)
- Ram Prasad Shrestha – Chief Justice of Nepal, 26 March 2010 – 5 May 2011
- Om Bhakta Shrestha – Chief Justice of Nepal, 1997–98
- Govinda Bahadur Shrestha – Chief Justice of Nepal, 2003–04
Arts, literature and culture
- Siddhicharan Shrestha – "Yuga Kavi", one of the most prominent literary figures of Nepal
- Durga Lal Shrestha – Poet, lyricist
- Ganesh Lal Shrestha – Poet, lyricist
- Madan Krishna Shrestha – Comedian, actor, singer
- Shiva Shrestha – Actor
- Shree Krishna Shrestha – Actor
- Namrata Shrestha – Actress, model
- Sushma Shrestha – known by stage name "Poornima", Bollywood singer
- Jagat Lal Shrestha – Educator, author
- Sarita Shrestha – First Ayurvedic physician, OB/GYN of Nepal
- Bishnu Shrestha – Nepali soldier in Indian Army
- Sadichha Shrestha – Miss Nepal 2010
- Shristi Shrestha – Miss Nepal World 2012
- Nagma Shrestha – Miss Nepal Earth 2012
- Jiban Shrestha – Journal Editor
- Ishani Shrestha – Miss Nepal World 2013
- "Sanskrit dictionary". Sanskritdictionary.com. Retrieved 15 August 2014.
- "Shrestha, Name Meaning, Origin, Detailed Name Information & Meaning of Names at NameLab". Genealogy.familyeducation.com. Retrieved 2014-08-15.
- Wright, Daniel (1877). "History of Nepal with an Introductory Sketch of the Country and People of Nepal". Cambridge. Retrieved 23 September 2012. Page 86.
|This page or section lists people with the surname Shrestha. If an internal link intending to refer to a specific person led you to this page, you may wish to change that link by adding the person's given name(s) to the link.|