Shrewsbury and Hereford Railway
The Shrewsbury and Hereford Railway was an independently developed English railway, the first to run train services in Herefordshire.
In 1846, the British Government approved an Act of Parliament for the construction of the independent Shrewsbury and Hereford Railway Company. Running a length of 50.5 miles (81.3 km), the only stipulation was that it was built to standard gauge.
The company initially appointed the Liberal Member of Parliament for Shrewsbury, Henry Robertson as engineer. Due to financial problems work on the line didn't begin until 1850 when Thomas Brassey was appointed. A well known railway engineer and investor, Brassey agreed to work for no fee, and took a 3.5% share holding in the company. In 1854 the cost was transferred to an 8-year lease, which proved to be very profitable for Brassey.
Ludlow to Hereford
The second section through to Hereford posed problems. Firstly, the existing Hereford Barton station of the Newport, Abergavenny and Hereford Railway was not big enough to cope with all four railway companies planning on entering the important market town. Secondly, the entrance route into Hereford from the north required extensive civil engineering.
The resolution was agreement to create a new joint railway station, called Hereford Barrs Court. This would be a joint standard gauge/broad gauge station, sponsored jointly by the standard gauge S&HR, and the GWR sponsored Hereford, Ross and Gloucester Railway. When the Midland Railway sponsored Hereford, Hay and Brecon Railway entered the town, they were given access rights.
In civil engineering preparation for this, and as the only company planning to enter the town from the north, in 1849 the company built a brick works north of Dinmore Hill, which was feed by clay from the earthworks of digging a tunnel south underneath it. In 1852, 2½ years later and having used 3¼ million bricks the tunnel was completed, freight traffic started in July 1852 to provide cash flow. However, construction continued, with the massive earthworks for a cutting to enter Barrs Court started in August 1852.
The plan was to jointly open Barrs Court station between all four railways on 6 December 1853, with what was planned to be Railway Fete. However, the first S&HR passenger service arrived on Saturday 28 October, which carried the chairman Mr Ormsby-Gore and engineer Brassey. As the negotiations and financing of the joint station had taken so long, they arrived at an incomplete facility. The final Victorian Gothic building was designed by R.E. Johnson, which opened after the Railway Fete, reported to be attended by 60,000 people.
Doubling the line
To save construction costs the line was at first built as a single track line, but was constructed with a double track future in mind (the bridges, embankments, etc. being built wide enough for instance). The doubling took place in 1862, with the exception of Dinmore tunnel, which had its second line added 1891-3.
In 1862 the S&HR was jointly leased by the LNWR, the GWR and the West Midland Railway (WMR). By 1871 the WMR had amalgamated with the GWR, so the LNWR and the GWR jointly acquired the S&HR.
When the GWR extended the Oxford, Worcester and Wolverhampton Railway into Hereford with a junction north of Dinmore Hill, pressure increased from the town council on the LNWR to close Hereford Barton station. This it eventually did, and although the site remained open as a goods depot until the Beeching Axe, it has since been redeveloped as a supermarket.
In 1887 the traffic levels on the line were increased by the opening of the Severn Tunnel, with Hereford becoming the first stop after Bristol on the west-north expresses. In May 1892, the conversion of the broad gauge lines to standard gauge to the west of Exeter meant even longer distance through services calling at Barrs Court.
In 1922 the S&HR became a joint GWR/LMS joint railway. After World War II and nationalisation under British Railways, it came under the Western Region. The 1960s Beeching Axe cut many of the previously feeding former GWR and LNWR branch lines, and at one point threatened services through Hereford and hence the entire line. But after the cull of Hereford Barton, the line was saved.
- "Hereford and the railways". archenfield.com. Retrieved 8 January 2010.[dead link]
- Cavalcade of a Century, 1832–1932, 100 years of the Hereford Times: Hereford Record Office – BH74
- Marks, R & Farnworth, R, The Railway Station Gallery: Hereford Barrs Court, page last updated 2007-01-27, retrieved 27 January 2007
- Hereford Times (6 March 2006), "Full steam ahead at railway station", retrieved 27 January 2007
- Crowe and Raynor (2011) Church Stretton through the ages p 164
- "Hereford.uk.com" retrieved 5 November 2007
- "The Shrewsbury and Hereford Railway Company". Historic Herefordshire on line. Retrieved 31 January 2008.