Shrines to the Virgin Mary

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

In the culture and practice of some Christian churches - mainly, but not solely, the Roman Catholic Church - a Shrine to the Virgin Mary (or Marian shrine) is a shrine marking an apparition or other miracle ascribed to the Blessed Virgin Mary, or a site on which is centered a historically strong Marian devotion. Such locales are often the destination of pilgrimages.

Some of the largest shrines are due to reported Marian apparitions to young and simple people on remote hilltops that had hardly been heard of prior to the reported apparition. The case of Saint Juan Diego's reported vision of Our Lady of Guadalupe in 1531 is similar to the case of Saint Bernadette Soubirous's vision in 1858 of Our Lady of Lourdes. Both saints reported a miraculous Lady on a hilltop who asked them to request that the local priests build a chapel at the site of the vision. Both visions included a reference to roses and led to large churches being built at the sites. Like Our Lady of Guadalupe in Mexico, Our Lady of Lourdes is a major Catholic symbol in France. Both visionaries were eventually declared saints.

The number of pilgrims who visit some of these shrines every year can be significant. E.g. Lourdes with a population of around 15,000 people, receives about 5,000,000 pilgrims every year and within France only Paris has more hotel rooms than Lourdes. Over 1,000,000 pilgrims visit the Black Madonna statue in the Chapel of Grace in Altötting, Germany every year, where for more than 500 years miracles have been attributed to praying to the Virgin Mary at that shrine.

Side altar to the Blessed Virgin Mary in St Mary's Pro-Cathedral in Dublin
The Sanctuary of Victoriaus Our Lady in Brdów (Poland)

Algeria[edit]

Andorra[edit]

Argentina[edit]

Australia[edit]

Austria[edit]

Belgium[edit]

Bolivia[edit]

Bosnia and Herzegovina[edit]

Brazil[edit]

Canada[edit]

For a complete list, see footnote[1]

Chile[edit]

China[edit]

Colombia[edit]

Costa Rica[edit]

Croatia[edit]

Cuba[edit]

Cyprus[edit]

Czech Republic[edit]

  • Pilgrimage Basilica of the Visitation of Our Lady, Hejnice

Dominican Republic[edit]

Ecuador[edit]

Egypt[edit]

France[edit]

Germany[edit]

  • Shrine of St. Mary, in Aachen Cathedral. This church, frequently referred to as the "Imperial Cathedral" (in German: Kaiserdom), is a Roman Catholic church in Aachen, Germany.
  • Chapel of Grace, in Altötting, Bavaria. The first miracles attributed to praying to the Virgin Mother at this shrine took place in 1489.
  • Chapel of Grace in Kevelaer, North Rhine-Westphalia, place of an "Image of Grace" ("Gnadenbild") of St. Mary since the Thirty Years' War.

Gibraltar[edit]

  • Our Lady of Europe at Europa Point, the southernmost point in Western Europe. A shrine to Mary has existed on the site since 1462.[4]

Greece[edit]

Holy Land[edit]

India[edit]

Ireland[edit]

Italy[edit]

Japan[edit]

Lebanon[edit]

Lithuania[edit]

Malta[edit]

Malaysia[edit]

  • Chapel of Our Lady of Good Health (Annai Vailankanni) Kampung Pandan Kuala Lumpur

Mexico[edit]

Montenegro[edit]

Netherlands[edit]

Nicaragua[edit]

Pakistan[edit]

Philippines[edit]

Poland[edit]

Interior of the Basilica in The Sanctuary of Our Lady of Lichen in Licheń Stary, Poland home to the holy icon of Our Lady of Sorrows
Simple roadside shrine to the Virgin Mary in Poland
Marian Sanctuaries in Poland
Locality Church Relic or Object
Bardo Church of the Visitiation of our Lady. Redemptorists Sculpture of our lady from the 12th century ., crowned July 3, 1966. (abp Bolesław Kominek)
Będków Church of the Immaculate Conception Icon of Our Lady of Będkow from the 15th century.
Biechowo Church of the Immaculate Conception Paulists Icon of Our Lady of Joy MB from the 15th century crowned September 12, 1976. by (cardinal. Stefan Wyszyński)
Stara Błotnica Church of the Immaculate Conception Icon of Our Lady from the 16th century crowned in 1977.
Bochnia Church of St. Nicholas Icon of Our Lady from the 15th-16th century, crowned in 1931.
Borek Stary Monastery of the Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary obraz MB Borkowskiej z Dzieciątkiem, crowned on the August 15, 1919

Portugal[edit]

The Sanctuary of Our Lady of Fátima (in Portugal) is one of the most famous Marian shrines in the world.

Romania[edit]

Russia[edit]

Rwanda[edit]

Slovakia[edit]

Serbia[edit]

South Africa[edit]

Spain[edit]

Sri Lanka[edit]

Switzerland[edit]

Syria[edit]

Turkey[edit]

Ukraine[edit]

Our Lady of Westminster

United Kingdom[edit]

Shrine of Our Lady of Guadalupe The Holy Child & St. Joseph Bedford MK40 1HU www.relicofourladyofguadalupe.co.uk

United States[edit]

For a complete list and further reading, see footnotes.[10][11] See also: List of shrines#United States.

Uruguay[edit]

Venezuela[edit]

Vietnam[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Notes
  1. ^ Marian Shrines in Canada webpage. The Marian Library/International Marian Research Institute, Dayton, Ohio, US. Retrieved 2010-10-10.
  2. ^ "Basílica de Nuestra Señora de la Altagracia". 
  3. ^ "Official website of the National Shrine of Our Lady of El Cisne". Retrieved 2008-12-21. 
  4. ^ Shrine of Our Lady of Europe, Gibraltar Government
  5. ^ "Missionaries of the Divine Revelation". Divinarivelazione.org. Retrieved 2009-05-06. 
  6. ^ View of the two Walsingham shrines on their joint website.
  7. ^ 18 Willesden Lane, London NW10.
  8. ^ Inside view of the Roman Catholic shrine of Our Lady of Willesden, a side chapel accessible from within the church of Our Lady of Willesden in Nicoll Road, London NW10.
  9. ^ Warwick Street Church, London W1, displaying a sign "Church of the Assumption"; Lady Chapel; The shrine of Our Lady of Guadalupe The Holy Child & St Joseph Bedford MK40 1HU www.relicofourladyofguadalupe.co.uk Grant of Indulgence (Summary of the Decree of Pope Pius IX, promulgated 15 May 1877, remaining in force in perpetuity).
  10. ^ Marian Shrines in the United States webpage. The Marian Library/International Marian Research Institute, Dayton, Ohio. Retrieved 2010-10-10.
  11. ^ For further reading, see Marian Shrines of the United States: A Pilgrim's Travel Guide (Liguori Publications).

External links[edit]