Shropshire and Montgomeryshire Railway

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Shoot Hill in 1967
Shropshire & Montgomeryshire Light Railway
Shrewsbury Abbey
1 mi Shrewsbury West
1¾ mi Meole Brace
3 mi Hookagate and Redhill
Crossing of Shrewsbury and Welshpool Railway
4 mi Edgebold
5¾ mi Cruckton
6¾ mi Shoot Hill
7¼ mi Ford and Crossgates
9½ mi Shrawardine
11¾ mi Nesscliffe and Pentre
12½ mi Edgerley
13½ mi Kinnerley
Criggion branch, joining at Kinnerley
15mi Wern Las
Chapel Lane
16mi Maesbrook
Oswestry and Newtown Railway to Oswestry
Melverley
18mi Llanymynech
England/Wales border
Oswestry and Newtown Railway to Newtown
Crew Green
Llanyblodwel
Llandrinio road
Nantmawr (quarry)
Criggion

The Shropshire & Montgomeryshire Light Railway was a railway running from Shrewsbury, England to Llanymynech, Wales, with a branch to Criggion. The line was taken over by the War Department in 1941, and extensively reconstructed to serve Central Ammunition Depot Nesscliffe. It was finally closed in 1960.

History[edit]

It opened in 1911, running the reconstructed Potteries, Shrewsbury and North Wales Railway which continunued to be owned by the Shropshire Railways Company, and was one of the Colonel Stephens Railways. It lost its passenger services in 1933, although some limited bank holiday services for tourists continued until 1937.

Operations[edit]

The terminus of the line was at Shrewsbury Abbey station not at Shrewsbury railway station. This was because the joint operators, Great Western Railway (GWR) and the London and North Western Railway (LNWR).[1] refused to let the smaller company have access to mainline services. After the main railway closed Shrewsbury Abbey was retained as an oil depot siding connected to a stub of the Severn Valley branch. The site finally closed in 1988. A new road in the area has been named "Old Potts Way" as a reminder of what was known as the Potts Railway.

A number of the stations shown in the diagram were added after the closure of the original Potteries, Shrewsbury & North Wales Railway.

CAD Nesscliffe[edit]

Main article: Nesscliffe

Central Ammunition Depot Nesscliffe was developed by the War Office/Ministry of Defence during World War II as an ammunition dump.[2] To service the extensive property, the MoD took over the virtually defunct S&MR from 1941,[3] and built extensive additional service tracks along the 8.75 miles (14.08 km) of railway line from Maesbrook to the former Ford and Crossgate railway station, south of the River Severn.[4]

Like a typical ammunition depot, the site was laid out over an extensive area to avoid total destruction should an accidental explosion occur, or the site be attacked by enemy. The site was made up of four sub-sites: Kinnerley; Pentre; Ford; and Argoed. The four sites were capable of storing around 50,000 tonnes (55,000 tons) of shells.[4]

There was also a sub-site at Loton Park, under the Alberbury medieval deer park, used for storage of both incendiary ammunition and chemical weapons shells from 1943. This was one of two CW depots operated in co-operation with and guarded by the United States Army Air Forces, the second being in Shepton Mallet, Somerset.[5][6]

Locomotives and train drivers were provided by the Royal Engineers, who also maintained the extensive network. Their main servicing depot for rolling stock was on the stub-junction of the former branchline to Criggion.[4]

Closure[edit]

Ammunition storage officially stopped in 1959 on site, and the ammunition depot closed in 1961, when the railway tracks were removed. Operational locomotives were moved to the Longmoor Military Railway, while non-operational were sold-off commercially.

Since this time, the 1,717 acres (695 ha) of flat pastureland have formed the British Army's Nesscliffe training area, capable of accommodation up to 530 personnel.[2]

Locomotives[edit]

1907–1941[edit]

0-4-2T 'Gazelle' was used on the Shropshire & Montgomeryshire Railway in its military days. Museum of Army Transport, Beverley 8 August 1995.

The Hawthorn Leslie locomotives were new in 1911 but all the others were second-hand. Both the Hawthorn Leslies left between 1914 and 1916. Thisbe and Pyramus were sold to the government in 1916 and seem initially to have gone to the Cannock Chase Military Railway. Thisbe went to the Woolmer Instructional Military Railway where she lasted until 1931 whilst Pryamus was sold for industrial use in 1921. They were replaced by two "Ilfracombe Goods" locomotives which took the same names.

1941–1960[edit]

Locomotive stock in 1941 consisted of: Gazelle, Hesperus and the three LNWR 0-6-0s. These were supplemented by various War Department locomotives, including ex-GWR 2301 Class 'Dean goods' 0-6-0s and Hunslet Austerity 0-6-0STs. From 1945, the Criggion branch was operated by a Sentinel steam locomotive (works no. 7026) owned by the British Quarrying Company.

References[edit]

  • Turner, Keith & Susan (1982). The Shropshire & Montgomeryshire Light Railway. Newton Abbot: David & Charles. ISBN 0-7153-8233-0. 
  • Johnson, Peter (2008). The Shropshire & Montgomeryshire Light Railway. Hersham: Oxford Publishing Co. ISBN 978-0-86093-619-0. 
  • Brooks E. Kleber & Dale Birdsell (4 April 2003). The Chemical Warfare Service: Chemicals in Combat. University Press of the Pacific. ISBN 1-4102-0485-5. 

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Denton, John Horsley (1986). Shrewsbury Railway Station: a brief history. Welshpool: J.H. Denton & T. Smith. 
  2. ^ a b "Nescliffe Training Area". Ministry of Defence. Retrieved 11 February 2012. 
  3. ^ Johnson, Peter (2008). The Shropshire & Montgomeryshire Light Railway. Hersham: Oxford Publishing Co. ISBN 978-0-86093-619-0. 
  4. ^ a b c "Central Ammunition Depot Nesscliffe". airfieldinformationexchange.org. Retrieved 11 February 2012. 
  5. ^ Brooks E. Kleber & Dale Birdsell. "The Chemical Warfare Service: Chemicals in Combat". scribd.com. Retrieved 11 February 2012. 
  6. ^ Brooks E. Kleber & Dale Birdsell (4 April 2003). The Chemical Warfare Service: Chemicals in Combat. University Press of the Pacific. ISBN 1-4102-0485-5. 
  7. ^ a b c Middlemass, Tom. Stroudley and his Terriers. York: Pendragon. pp. 50–54. ISBN 1-899816-00-3. 

External links[edit]