Shcha

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Cyrillic letter Shcha
Cyrillic letter Shcha - uppercase and lowercase.svg
The Cyrillic script
Slavic letters
А Б В Г Ґ Д Ђ
Ѓ Е Ѐ Ё Є Ж З
Ѕ И Ѝ І Ї Й Ј
К Л Љ М Н Њ О
П Р С Т Ћ Ќ У
Ў Ф Х Ц Ч Џ Ш
Щ Ъ Ы Ь Э Ю Я
Non-Slavic letters
Ӑ Ӓ Ә Ӛ Ӕ Ғ Ҕ
Ӻ Ӷ Ԁ Ԃ Ӗ Ӂ
Җ Ӝ Ԅ Ҙ Ӟ Ԑ Ӡ
Ԇ Ӣ Ҋ Ӥ Қ Ӄ Ҡ
Ҟ Ҝ Ԟ Ԛ Ӆ Ԓ Ԡ
Ԉ Ԕ Ӎ Ӊ Ң Ӈ Ҥ
Ԣ Ԋ Ӧ Ө Ӫ Ҩ Ԥ
Ҧ Ҏ Ԗ Ҫ Ԍ Ҭ Ԏ
Ӯ Ӱ Ӳ Ү Ұ Ҳ Ӽ
Ӿ Һ Ԧ Ҵ Ҷ Ӵ Ӌ
Ҹ Ҽ Ҿ Ӹ Ҍ Ӭ
Ԙ Ԝ Ӏ
Archaic letters
Ҁ Ѻ ОУ Ѡ Ѿ Ѣ
Ѥ Ѧ Ѫ Ѩ Ѭ Ѯ
Ѱ Ѳ Ѵ Ѷ

Shcha (Щ щ; italics: Щ щ) is a letter of the Cyrillic script. In Russian, it represents the voiceless alveolo-palatal fricative /ɕɕ/, similar to the pronunciation of sh in sheep (but longer); in Ukrainian and Rusyn it represents the consonant cluster /ʃt͡ʃ/; in Bulgarian, it represents the consonant cluster /ʃt/ and in Kurdish, it represents the consonant /d͡ʒ/.

In English, Shcha is romanized as shch or šč (with hačeks), both reflecting the historical Russian pronunciation of the letter. This can lead to some confusion, as the ch in the transcription may seem to indicate that Щ is a combination of Ш and a strong Ч, which is not true of Russian, though it is in Ukrainian. The letter Щ in Russian and Ukrainian corresponds to ШЧ in related words in Belarusian.

History[edit]

The Cyrillic letter Shcha was derived from the Glagolitic letter Shta (GlagolitsaShta.gif).

The name of Shcha in the Early Cyrillic alphabet was шта (šta). This name is preserved in the modern Bulgarian language - it is pronounced "штъ".

Historically in Russian, Shcha represented the consonant cluster /ɕt͡ɕ/[citation needed], like in the phrase "fresh cheese." Some Russian language primers still prescribe /ɕtɕ/.[citation needed]

Form[edit]

The form of the letter Shcha is the letter Cyrillic Sha (Ш ш) with a descender (cf. the Cyrillic letters De (Д д), Tse (Ц ц), Ka with descender (Қ қ), and En with descender (Ң ң).

Related letters and other similar characters[edit]

Computing codes[edit]

Character Щ щ
Unicode name CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER SHCHA CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER SHCHA
Encodings decimal hex decimal hex
Unicode 1065 U+0429 1097 U+0449
UTF-8 208 169 D0 A9 209 137 D1 89
Numeric character reference Щ Щ щ щ
KOI8-R and KOI8-U 253 FD 221 DD
Code page 855 250 FA 249 F9
Code page 866 153 99 233 E9
Windows-1251 217 D9 249 F9
ISO-8859-5 201 C9 233 E9
Macintosh Cyrillic 153 99 249 F9

External links[edit]

  • The dictionary definition of Щ at Wiktionary
  • The dictionary definition of щ at Wiktionary