Shuah

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Apparent and approximate emigration patterns of Abraham’s children by Katurah, excepting those about whom not enough is known to draw a conclusion.

Shuah is the name of one of four minor Biblical figures. It is sometimes used as the name of a fifth. Their names are different in Hebrew, but they were all transliterated as "Shuah" in the King James Version.

Genesis 25[edit]

Shuah (Hebrew: שׁוּחַ, pronounced "Shuakh",[1] "ditch; swimming; humiliation"[2] or "sinks down"[3]) was, according to the Bible, the sixth son of Abraham, the patriarch of the Israelites, and Keturah whom he wed after the death of Sarah.[4][5] He was the youngest of Keturah's sons; the others were Zimran, Jokshan, Medan, Midian, and Ishbak.[4]

Shuah in Greek is Σωυε, transliterated Soie.[6] Josephus gave his name as Σοῦος (Sous in Whiston).[7]

Josephus writes of the brothers that "Abraham contrived to settle them in colonies; and they took possession of Troglodytis,[8] and the country of Arabia the Happy, as far as it reaches to the Red Sea."[7] In all probability, Abraham tried to keep them apart from Isaac to avoid conflict while fulfilling God's commission to spread out and inhabit the globe.[9][10][citation needed] But unlike his brothers, Shuah seems to have turned northward and travelled into northern Mesopotamia, in what is now the northern region of modern day Syria. As evidenced by cuneiform texts, the land seems to have been named after him, being known as the land of Sûchu which lies to the south of ancient Hittite capital of Carchemish on the Euphrates river.[11]

The Bible also records that Job's friend Bildad was a Shuhite.[12]

Genesis 38[edit]

Shuah or Shua (Hebrew: שׁוּעַ, pronounced "Shuaʿ", with an ayin glottal stop at the end, "opulence"[13] or "cry for help"[14]) was a certain Caananite, whose unnamed daughter marries Judah.[15] He was thereby the grandfather of Er, Onan, Shelah.

The Targum translates "Canaanite man" as "merchant", and Rashi refers to this. In the Talmud, Pesachim 50a, there is a discussion explaining this translation.

In the King James Version, Genesis 38:2 reads "And Judah saw there a daughter of a certain Canaanite, whose name was Shuah ..." This is ambiguous as to who is named Shuah, the Canaanite or his daughter.[16] This has led some to say that Shuah was Judah's wife.[17][18]

Shuah in Greek is Σαυα, transliterated Sava.[19] The Septuagint is explicit that Sava is the daughter of the Canaanite man and the wife of Judas.

The reference to Judah's wife in Genesis 38:12 refers to her as the "daughter of Shuah", or "bat-Shuah" in Hebrew. This has led some to take Bat-Shuah (and variants) as her actual name.[20] Bat-Shuah is also an alternative name for Bat-Sheva, wife of Judah's descendant, King David.[21] A midrashic tradition says her name was Aliyath.[22]

1 Chronicles 4[edit]

Shuah or Shuhah (Hebrew: שׁוּחָה, pronounced "Shukhah") is a descendant of Judah. No gender or father is named, just a brother Chelub and his descendants.[23] Ralbag in his commentary[24] says that Shuhah is the same as Hushah (חוּשָׁה) listed earlier in the genealogy. Nave says Shuhah is "probably the same" as Hushah.[25]

Shuah in Greek is ᾿Ασχὰ, transliterated Ascha.[26] The Septuagint states that Chaleb is Ascha's father.

1 Chronicles 7[edit]

Shuah or Shua (Hebrew: שׁוּעָא, pronounced "Shuʿa", with an ayin glottal stop in the middle, "wealth"[27]) was a great-granddaughter of Asher. She was the daughter of Heber, who was a son of Beriah, a son of Asher. Her brothers were Japhlet, Shomer, and Hotham.[28]

Shuah in Greek is Σωλὰ, transliterated Sola.[29]

References[edit]

  1. ^ This is also the French spelling.
  2. ^ Hitchcock's Bible Dictionary: Shuah
  3. ^ Brown-Driver-Briggs
  4. ^ a b Genesis 25:1-6
  5. ^ 1 Chronicles 1:32
  6. ^ From the Septuagint and Brenton [1]
  7. ^ a b Josephus, Flavius, Antiquities, 1.15.1 Greek Whiston
  8. ^ In this case the word is applied to the cave dwelling peoples of the Rift Valley
  9. ^ Genesis 1:27,28; Genesis 9:1
  10. ^ Josephus, Flavius, Antiquities, 1.4.1-3
  11. ^ Seventh-day Adventist Bible Commentary, Review and Herald Publishing Association (Washington, D.C., USA), 1953, p.367
  12. ^ Job 2:11; Job 8:1
  13. ^ Brown-Driver-Briggs
  14. ^ Strong's Concordance
  15. ^ Genesis 38:2,12
  16. ^ The Hebrew says "his name", and Genesis 38:12 refers to the death of Shuah's daughter.
  17. ^ John Parker Lawson (1850). The Bible Cyclopedia 3. p. 791. 
  18. ^ John Kitto (1869). An Illustrated History of the Holy Bible. p. 139. 
  19. ^ From the Septuagint and Brenton [2].
  20. ^ Richard S. Chapin (1999). The Biblical Personality. Jason Aronson. p. 48. 
  21. ^ 1 Chronicles 3:5
  22. ^ Sefer haYashar.  Chapter 45:4,29
  23. ^ 1 Chronicles 4:11
  24. ^ מקראות גדולות דברי הימים א
  25. ^ Nave's Topical Index
  26. ^ From the Septuagint and Brenton [3].
  27. ^ Strong's Concordance
  28. ^ 1 Chronicles 7:32
  29. ^ From the Septuagint and Brenton [4].