Shuangjiangkou Dam

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Shuangjiangkou Dam
Shuangjiangkou Dam rendition.jpg
Rendition of the dam
Shuangjiangkou Dam is located in China
Shuangjiangkou Dam
Location of Shuangjiangkou Dam
Country China
Location Border of Ma'erkang County and Jinchuan County within Ngawa Tibetan and Qiang Autonomous Prefecture, Sichuan Province
Coordinates 31°47′32.58″N 101°55′19.94″E / 31.7923833°N 101.9222056°E / 31.7923833; 101.9222056Coordinates: 31°47′32.58″N 101°55′19.94″E / 31.7923833°N 101.9222056°E / 31.7923833; 101.9222056
Status Under construction
Construction began 2008
Opening date 2018
Construction cost US$40.2 billion (¥24.68 billion, £2.9 billion)
Owner(s) State Power Dadu Hydropower Development Co., Ltd.
Dam and spillways
Type of dam Embankment, rock-fill
Impounds Dadu River
Height 312 metres (1,024 ft)
Height (foundation) 314 metres (1,030 ft)
Length 648.66 metres (2,128 ft)
Width (crest) 16 metres (52 ft)
Dam volume 44,000,000 cubic metres (1.553845336×109 cu ft)
Reservoir
Creates Shuangjiangkou Reservoir
Total capacity 3,135,000,000 cubic metres (2,541,586 acre·ft)
Active capacity 2,151,000,000 cubic metres (1,743,844 acre·ft)
Catchment area 39,330 square kilometres (15,185 sq mi)
Normal elevation 2,500 metres (8,202 ft)
Power station
Hydraulic head 226.4 metres (743 ft) (mean)
Turbines 4 x 500 MW Francis-type
Installed capacity 2,000 MW
Annual generation 8,341 GWh[1]

The Shuangjiangkou Dam, also referred to as Shuang Jiang Kou, is an under construction embankment dam on the Dadu River in Sichuan Province, China. When completed, the 312 metres (1,024 ft) tall dam will be the tallest dam in the world.[2] Preliminary construction began in 2008 and the entire project is expected to be complete in 2018.[3] By April 2011, over 200,000,000 m3 (261,590,124 cu yd) of material had been excavated from the construction site.[4] In March 2013 the China's Ministry of Environmental Protection approved construction on the dam's superstructure and associated facilities. The government acknowledged that the dam would have negative impacts on the environment but that developers were working to mitigate them. The dam is being built by the Guodian Group at a cost of US$4.02 billion.[5] The entire construction period is expected to last 10 years.[6]

Design[edit]

The Shuangjiangkou Dam, when completed, will be a 312-metre-high (1,024 ft) (314 metres (1,030 ft) from the foundation) and 648.66-metre-long (2,128 ft) rock-fill dam with a relatively impervious core. The dam's crest width will be 16 metres (52 ft), its elevation 2,420 metres (7,940 ft) above sea level. It will have a structural volume of approximately 44,000,000 cubic metres (1.553845336×109 cu ft). The dam will sit at the head of a 39,330-square-kilometre (15,185 sq mi) drainage basin and have a reservoir capacity of 3,135,000,000 cubic metres (2,541,586 acre·ft) of which 2,151,000,000 cubic metres (1,743,844 acre·ft) is regulating or active (useful) storage. Normal reservoir elevation will be 2,500 metres (8,202 ft) and minimum 2,420 metres (7,940 ft). Flood elevations range between 2,501 and 2,504 metres (8,205 and 8,215 ft). The dam's power station will contain four 500 MW Francis turbine-generators for an installed capacity of 2000 MW. Firm capacity of the power station is expected to be 503 MW along with the station operating for 4064 hours each year. The power station's design flow is 1,090 cubic metres per second (38,493 cu ft/s) and the mean hydraulic head 226.4 metres (743 ft).[2]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Shuangjiangkou Hydropower Station" (in Chinese). HydroChina Ghengdu. Retrieved 4 January 2011. 
  2. ^ a b "Shuangjiangkou hydropower Project". Chinese National Committee on Large Dams. Retrieved 4 January 2011. 
  3. ^ "Shuangjiangkou Dadu River in Sichuan Hydropower Project (updated)" (in Chinese). Electricity Network tender and project. 7 December 2010. Retrieved 30 May 2011. 
  4. ^ Yang, Durbuy (20 April 2011). "Shuangjiangkou hydropower station completed over 200 million cubic meters of earth excavation". China Gezhouba Group (in Chinese). Retrieved 30 May 2011. 
  5. ^ "China gives environmental approval to country's biggest hydro dam". Reuters. 17 May 2013. Retrieved 26 August 2013. 
  6. ^ "Ministry of Power Plant Project Shuangjiangkou" (in Chinese). Bureau of China Railway Group Limited Water Resources and Hydropower fourteen Engineering Company. 30 March 2010. Retrieved 30 May 2011.