||This biographical article needs additional citations for verification. (May 2014)|
Shuggie Otis by Sachyn Mital
|Birth name||Johnny Alexander Veliotes, Jr.|
November 30, 1953 |
Los Angeles, California, United States
|Genres||R&B, blues, gospel, jazz, soul, rock and roll, funk|
|Instruments||Vocals, guitar, bass, drums, piano, organ|
|Associated acts||Johnny Otis, Al Kooper, Frank Zappa, The Brothers Johnson|
Otis' composition "Strawberry Letter 23" (as recorded by The Brothers Johnson) topped the Billboard R&B chart and reached #5 of the Billboard Hot 100 chart in 1977. He also achieved commercial success with his 1974 single "Inspiration Information" (from the album of the same name), reaching #56 on the R&B chart.
Born in Los Angeles, California, Otis is the son of rhythm and blues pioneer, musician, bandleader, and impresario Johnny Otis and wife Phyllis. The name "Shuggie" (short for "sugar", according to his mother) was coined by Phyllis when he was a newborn. Otis began playing guitar when he was two years old and performing professionally with his father's band at the age of twelve, often disguising himself with dark glasses and a false mustache so that he could play with his father's band in after-hours nightclubs.
Otis, primarily known as a guitarist, also sings and plays a multitude of other instruments. While growing up with and being heavily influenced by many blues, jazz and R&B musicians in his father Johnny's immediate circle, Otis began to gravitate towards the popular music of his generation such as Sly Stone, Jimi Hendrix, and Arthur Lee of the band Love. In 1969, Al Kooper asked Otis to be the featured guest on the second installment (Kooper Session) of the Super Session album series that had previously included Stephen Stills and Mike Bloomfield. Kooper and the then-fifteen-year-old Otis recorded the whole album over one weekend in New York. Immediately returning to Los Angeles, Otis, along with his father and singer Delmar "Mighty Mouth" Evans, performed on the album Cold Shot, released in 1969 on the Los Angeles-based Kent label. Another obscure album this three-man team recorded was the extremely rare and risque Snatch & The Poontangs, on which Otis recorded tracks under the pseudonym "Prince Wunnerful".
Otis then released his first solo album later that year entitled Here Comes Shuggie Otis on Epic Records. Countless musicians were his guests on that debut attempt, including Johnny, Leon Haywood, Al McKibbon, Wilton Felder. This further established his reputation and catapulted him to the attention of B. B. King, who was quoted in a 1970 issue of Guitar Player magazine saying Otis was "his favorite new guitarist". Some of the artists Otis performed and recorded with during that time include Frank Zappa (having played electric bass on "Peaches en Regalia" on the 1969 album Hot Rats), Etta James, Eddie Vinson, Richard Berry, Louis Jordan, and Bobby 'Blue' Bland, among many others.
The album Otis received the most notoriety for was his second Epic Records release in 1971, Freedom Flight, which featured his hit "Strawberry Letter 23". Both the album and single reached the Billboard Top 200 and the Billboard Hot 100, respectively and caught the attention of Brothers Johnson guitarist George Johnson, who then played it for producer Quincy Jones. They covered the song and it instantly became a smash hit. Even though Otis played most of his own parts in the studio, the lineup on this album was quite extensive, including keyboardist George Duke and Aynsley Dunbar of Frank Zappa, Journey, and Whitesnake fame.
In 1974, Otis released Inspiration Information, his third and final album for Epic Records. The album had taken almost three years to finish. All the songs were written and arranged by Otis himself, who played almost exclusively every musical instrument on the album (except for horns and various stringed instruments). However, despite its long-awaited impact, Inspiration Information had but one single (the title track) reach the Billboard Hot 100. After the album's release, Otis was approached by Billy Preston on behalf of The Rolling Stones, asking him to join the band for their upcoming world tour. He declined the offer, along with the chance to work with Quincy Jones in helping produce Otis's next album. After a series of similar refusals, Otis gained the reputation of "taking his time", and his recording contract with Epic Records was nullified. Otis's only credited works throughout the mid-1970s were done as a session musician for his father's recording projects.
Inspiration Information gained a huge cult following during the 1990s with the emergence of rare groove and acid jazz. It was lauded by such musicians as Prince and Lenny Kravitz. Due in part to this regained interest, the album was re-released on April 3, 2001, by David Byrne's independent label Luaka Bop Records. This CD re-issue includes all nine original album tracks plus four songs taken from Otis' 1971 album Freedom Flight, and features new cover art, liner notes, and exclusive never-seen-before photos.
Otis is featured in every one of his father Johnny's books, as well as Alligator Records Presents West Coast Blues, issued in August 1998.
Otis and Sony Music Entertainment made a deal for a double CD which was released on April 20, 2013. It is a re-release of Inspiration/Information. Added to the album is several bonus tracks, including an accompanying album entitled Wings of Love. Wings of Love is an album of previously unreleased material, all of which was written from 1975 to the present, including live material from some of his rare performances. It will be available on Shugiterius records (Shuggie's new company) and Sony records, through Sony Music Entertainment.
Otis and a band entitled Shuggie Otis Rite toured internationally in 2013 in support of the release, including Australia, Japan, the U.S., Ireland and the U.K. Their performances earned rave reviews from critics.
As a teenager he had a son, Johnny III (known as Lucky) with Judith Peters, who is better known as Miss Mercy in the The GTOs, a "groupie group" and a sociological creation of Frank Zappa. A few years later he married Lillian "Teri" Wilson, daughter of trumpeter/bandleader/Latin-jazz pioneer Gerald Wilson, and they had son Eric together, naming him after Gerald's bandmate and close friend Eric Dolphy.
In spring 1991, Otis Sr. and his family relocated to Sonoma County. Since moving back to Southern California in 2006, Otis has made sporadic public appearances.
Both of Shuggie's sons, Lucky and Eric, are producing their own music in the Los Angeles area.
As of 2012, Shuggie has formed a new band and is currently on the Never Ending World Wide Tour, that began November 2012 in Europe.
- Here Comes Shuggie Otis (1969), Epic Records
- Freedom Flight (1971), Epic Records
- Inspiration Information (1974), Epic Records
- Inspiration Information / Wings of Love (2013), Legacy Recordings
With The Johnny Otis Show
- Cold Shot! (1968), Kent Records
- Snatch & The Poontangs (1969), Kent Records
- Cuttin' Up! (1969), Columbia Records
- The Johnny Otis Show Live at Monterey! (1970), Columbia Records
- The New Johnny Otis Show with Shuggie Otis (1981), Alligator Records
- Into the Eighties (1984), Charly Records
With Al Kooper
- Kooper Session (1969), Columbia Records
With Preston Love
- Preston Love's Omaha-Bar-B-Q (1969), Kent Records
With Guitar Slim Green
- Stone Down Blues (1970), Kent Records
- Original Album Classics: Shuggie Otis Epic Records/Legacy Recordings
- Shuggie's Boogie: Shuggie Otis Plays The Blues (1994), Epic Records/Legacy Recordings
- In Session: Great Rhythm & Blues (2002), Golden Lane Records
- "Island Letter" sampled by Digable Planets for the track "For Corners" from the album Blowout Comb (1994).
- "Strawberry Letter 23" sampled by DJ Quik for the track "Dollaz + Sense" from the album Safe + Sound (1995).
- Also sampled by OutKast for the track "Ms. Jackson" from the album Stankonia (2001).
- Also sampled by Beyoncé for the track "Be With You" from the album Dangerously in Love (2003).
- "Rainy Day" sampled by Beyoncé for the track "Gift from Virgo" from the album Dangerously in Love (2003).
- "Oxford Gray" sampled by RJD2 for the track "Ring Finger" from the album Since We Last Spoke (2004).
- "Oxford Gray" sampled by Alchemist for the track "B.I.G T.W.I.N.S" from the album The Grimey Collection (2008).
- "Not Available" sampled by J Dilla for the track "Donuts (Outro)" from the album Donuts (2006).
- "Sweet Thang" sampled by Criolo for the track "Demorô" from the album "Ainda Há Tempo" (2006).
- Bass for Frank Zappa's track "Peaches en Regalia" from the album Hot Rats (1969).
- Electric guitar for Mos Def's track "Blue Black Jack" from the album The New Danger (2004).
- Tevin Campbell
- "California Birth Index, 1905–1995 [database on-line]". United States: The Generations Network. 2005. Retrieved 2009-11-23.
- Hogan, Ed. "Shuggie Otis Biography". allmusic.com. Rovi Corporation. Archived from the original on July 4, 2010. Retrieved 2010-07-04. "Born...Nov 30, 1953 in Los Angeles, CA"
- [dead link]
- "Shuggie Otis: Live at The Highline Ballroom, 1/10/2013". Depth of Field Magazine. January 14, 2013. Retrieved 2014-05-18.
- [dead link]
- Chuck Sudo (April 17, 2013). "REVIEW: Shuggie Otis Revels In His Second Chance". Chicagoist. Retrieved 2014-05-18.
- Shuggie Otis' official website
- Shuggie Otis Biography on the Luaka Bop website
- Shuggie Otis at AllMusic
- Shuggie Otis Interview for Echoes Magazine 2012
- "The Mystery of Shuggie Otis" by The Village Voice
- A concert review on Quooklynite