Shukhov Tower

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
For other uses, see Shukhov tower on the Oka River.

Coordinates: 55°43′02″N 37°36′41″E / 55.71722°N 37.61139°E / 55.71722; 37.61139

Shukhov Tower Project of 350 metres, 1919.
Beneath the Shukhov Tower in Moscow. Currently under threat of demolition, the tower is at the top of UNESCO's 'Endangered Buildings' list, and there is an international campaign to save it.[1]

The Shukhov radio tower (Russian: Шуховская башня), also known as the Shabolovka tower, is a broadcasting tower in Moscow designed by Vladimir Shukhov. The 160-metre-high free-standing steel diagrid structure was built in the period 1920–1922, during the Russian Civil War.

Structure[edit]

The tower is a hyperboloid structure (hyperbolic steel gridshell) consisting of a series of hyperboloid sections stacked on one another to approximate an overall conical shape. The tower has a diagrid structure, and its steel shell of the Shukhov Tower experiences minimum wind load (a significant design factor for high-rising buildings). The tower sections are single-cavity hyperboloids of rotation made of straight beams, the ends of which rest against circular foundations.

The original plan was for a 350 m tall tower.[2] This was reduced to 160 m because steel was in short supply in Russia during the time of its construction.[2]

Location[edit]

The tower is located a few kilometres south of the Moscow Kremlin, but is not accessible to tourists. The street address of the tower is "Shabolovka Street, 37".

Possible demolition[edit]

As of early 2014, the tower faced demolition by the Russian State Committee for Television and Radio Broadcasting, after having been allowed to deteriorate for years despite popular calls for its restoration.[3] Following a concerted campaign calling for the preservation of the tower, it was announced in September 2014 that Moscow City Council had placed a preservation order on the tower in order to safeguard it.[4][5] However, there is as yet no planned schedule for the required restoration work.[5]

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

(English)

  1. ^ Lord Foster fires up campaign to save Shukhov Tower: http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/2010/apr/15/radio-tower-campaign-russia-foster
  2. ^ a b Stevens, Susannah (9 April 2014). "Shukhov Tower: The Eiffel of the East". BBCNews (BBC). Retrieved 9 April 2014. 
  3. ^ Kimmelman, Michael (March 16, 2014). "Broadcasting a Plea to Save a Historic Tower". The New York Times. 
  4. ^ Penny Sarchet (2 September 2014). "Soviet-era hyperboloid tower saved from destruction". New Scientist. 
  5. ^ a b "Moscow Puts Iconic Shukhov Tower on Protected Landmark List". The Moscow Times. Aug 18, 2014. 

(German)

(French)

  • Picon, Antoine (dir.), "L'art de l'ingenieur : constructeur, entrepreneur, inventeur", Éditions du Centre Georges Pompidou, Paris, 1997, ISBN 2-85850-911-5
  • Fausto Giovannardi "Vladimir Shukhov e la leggerezza dell'acciaio" at www.giovannardierontini.it

External links[edit]

(English)

(Chinese)