|Date of birth||29 November 1928|
|Place of birth||Tel Aviv, Mandatory Palestine|
|Knessets||6, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13|
|Party represented in Knesset|
|1975–1976||Ya'ad – Civil Rights Movement|
|1974||Minister without Portfolio|
|1992–1993||Minister of Education and Culture|
|1993||Minister without Portfolio|
|1993–1996||Minister of Communications|
|1993–1996||Minister of Science and the Arts|
Shulamit Aloni (Hebrew: שולמית אלוני, born 29 November 1928) is an Israeli politician. She founded the Ratz party, was leader of the Meretz party, and served as Minister of Education from 1992 to 1993.
Shulamit Adler (later Aloni) was born in Tel Aviv. Her mother was a seamstress and her father was a carpenter, both descended from Polish Jewish rabbinical families. She was sent to boarding school during World War II while her parents served in the British Army. As a youth she was a member of the Hashomer Hatzair socialist Zionist youth movement and the Palmach. During the 1948 Israeli War of Independence she was involved in military struggles for the Old City of Jerusalem and was captured by Jordanian forces.
Following the establishment of the state of Israel, Aloni worked with child refugees and helped establish a school for immigrant children. She taught school while studying law.
In 1952 she married Reuven Aloni (founder of Israel Lands Administration), moved to Kfar Shmaryahu, and they had three sons: Dror Aloni - Mayor of Kfar Shmaryahu, former head of Herzliya Hebrew Gymnasium, Nimrod Aloni - education philosopher, and Udi Aloni - Film director.
Aloni joined Mapai in 1959. She also worked as an attorney and hosted a radio show Outside Working Hours that dealt with human rights and women's rights. She also wrote columns for several newspapers.
Reuven Aloni died in 1988. Shulamit Aloni lives in Kfar Shmaryahu.
In 1965 Aloni was first elected to the Knesset on the list of the Alignment (a merger of Mapai and Ahdut HaAvoda), and subsequently founded the Israel Consumers Council, which she chaired for four years.
She left the Alignment in 1973 and established Ratz (Citizens Rights Movement), a party advocating electoral reform, separation of religion and state and human rights. The party won three Knesset mandates in the 1973 elections. Ratz initially joined the Alignment-led government with Aloni as minister without portfolio but she resigned immediately to protest the appointment to cabinet of Yitzhak Rafael. Ratz briefly became Ya'ad – Civil Rights Movement when independent MK Aryeh Eliav joined the faction, but returned to its original status soon after.
Throughout the 1970s Aloni attempted to create a dialogue with Palestinians in hopes of achieving a lasting peace settlement. During the 1982 Lebanon War she established the "International Center for Peace in the Middle East". In 1984, Ratz aligned with Peace Now and the Left Camp of Israel to increase its size in the Knesset to five mandates. In 1992, she led Ratz into a coalition with Shinui and Mapam to form the new Meretz party, which won 12 seats under her leadership in the elections that year. Aloni became Minister of Education under Yitzhak Rabin but was forced to resign after a year due to her outspoken statements on matters of religion. As Education Minister, she also criticized organized tours by Israeli high school pupils to Holocaust concentration camps on grounds that such visits were turning Israeli youth into aggressive, nationalistic xenophobes, claiming that students "march with unfurled flags, as if they've come to conquer Poland". She was reappointed Minister of Communications and Science and Culture and served until 1996 when she retired from party politics.
Aloni is on the board of the Yesh Din organization, which was established in March 2005, and it is "comprised of volunteers who have organized to oppose the continuing violation of Palestinian human rights in the Occupied Palestinian Territory".
Aloni defended U.S. President Jimmy Carter's use of the word "apartheid" in the title of his book, Palestine Peace Not Apartheid. Later, Aloni said, "I hate to cover up things that should be open to the Sun."
Views and opinions
- In 1998, Aloni received a special lifetime award of the Emil Grunzweig Human Rights Award by the Association for Civil Rights in Israel.
- In 2000, she received the Israel Prize, for her lifetime achievements and special contribution to society and the State of Israel.
- Democracy in Shackles (Demokratia be'azikim), Am Oved (Hebrew)
- "2 Views Of A Horror". Chicago Tribune. 9 May 1993.
- About Us Yesh Din
- Yes, There is Apartheid in Israel Counterpunch
- Aloni on use of the anti-semitism charges to suppress criticism of Israel
- "List of recipients of the Emil Grunzweig Human Rights Award on the Association of Human Rights in Israel website" (in Hebrew). Retrieved 20 June 2010.
- "Israel Prize Official Site (in Hebrew) – Recipient’s C.V.".
- "Israel Prize Official Site (in Hebrew) – Judges' Rationale for Grant to Recipient".
- גיא בניוביץ' (20 June 1995). "הישראלי מספר 1: יצחק רבין – תרבות ובידור". Ynet. Retrieved 10 July 2011.
- The road to perdition Haaretz
- Shulamit Aloni on the Knesset website
- Shulamit Aloni Jewish Agency
- Shulamit Aloni Jewish Virtual Library