Shutu // or Sutu // is the name given in ancient Akkadian language sources to certain nomadic groups of the Trans-Jordanian highlands, extending deep into Mesopotamia and Southern Iraq. Many scholars[who?] have speculated that "Shutu" may be a variant of the Egyptian phrase shasu.
An Egyptian execration text of the 17th century BCErefers to an "Ayyab" (possibly a variant form of the name Job) as king of the Shutu. Some scholars[who?] have tenuously identified the Shutu as the progenitors of the Moabites and Ammonites.
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