Shevat

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from Shvat)
Jump to: navigation, search
"Shebat" redirects here. For the village in Iran, see Shebat, Iran.
Tevet       Shevat (שְׁבָט)       Adar
Tu Bishvat

Tu Bishvat, the New Year of the Trees, occurs
on the 15th of Shevat, which coincides with
the flowering of the almond tree in Israel.
Month Number: 11
Number of Days: 30
Season: winter
Gregorian Equivalent: January–February

Shevat (Hebrew: שְׁבָט, Standard Šəvat Tiberian Šəḇāṭ ; from Akkadian Šabātu) is the fifth month of the civil year starting in Tishre (or Tishri) and the eleventh month of the ecclesiastical year on the Hebrew calendar starting in Nisan. It is a winter month of 30 days. Shevat usually occurs in January–February on the Gregorian calendar. The name of the month was taken from the Akkadian language during the Babylonian Captivity. The assumed Akkadian origin of the month is Šabātu meaning strike that refers to the heavy rains of the season. In Jewish sources the month is first mentioned by this name in prophet Zechariah.

Holidays in Shevat[edit]

15 Shevat - Tu Bishvat

Shevat in Jewish history[edit]

1 Shevat - Moses repeats the Torah

  • On the first of Shevat of the Hebrew year 2488, according to the Book of Deuteronomy, Moses convened the Jewish people and began the 37-day "review of the Torah", which he concluded on the day of his death on Adar 7 of that year.

2 Shevat - 1628 BC - Asher born

24 Shevat - (517 BCE) - Zechariah's prophecy

  • According to Zechariah 1:7-16, "On the 24th day of the 11th month, which is the month of Shevat, in the second year of the reign of Darius, the word of God came to Zachariah the son of Berechiah the son of Ido the prophet, saying: '...I will return to Jerusalem in mercy, my house will be built within her" This was two years before the completion of the Second Temple on the 3rd of Adar, 515 BCE.

28 Shevat - (second century BCE) - Hasmonean holiday

  • On Shevat 28 (134 BCE?), Antiochus V abandoned his siege of Jerusalem and his plans for the city's destruction. This day was observed as a holiday in Hasmonean times. [1] (Megilat Taanit)


Other uses[edit]

  • "Shebat" (Arabic: ﺷﺒﺎﻂ‎) and Şubat [ʃuˈbat] is the name for the month of February in Arabic and Turkish.
  • In the story of Xenogears, "Shevat" is the name of a country, named after the Hebrew month.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Chabad Jewish Calendar". Chabad. Retrieved 21 February 2012.