|Founded||29 February 1752|
|• Religions||Theravada Buddhism|
|Time zone||MST (UTC6:30)|
Shwebo (Burmese: ရွှေဘိုမြို့ [ʃwèbò mjo̰]) is a city in Sagaing Region, Myanmar, located 113 kilometres (70 mi) northwest of Mandalay between the Irrawaddy and the Mu rivers. The city was the national capital from 1752 to 1760 during the Konbaung period.
According to the saying "Oakallawmyi Konbaung tee", Shwebo was built on 6th Waning of First Waso, 1115 ME (မြန်မာသက္ကရာဇ် ၁၁၁၅ ခုနှစ်၊ ပထမ ၀ါဆိုလပြည့်ကျော် ၆ ရက်၊ ကြာသပတေးနေ့)by the king Alaungpayar U Aung Zeya.
Up to 1752, Shwebo was a village, called Moksobo (Burmese: မုဆိုးဘို [moʊʔ sʰó bò]; lit. "Hunter Chief") of about 300 houses. It lies near the site of the ancient Pyu city-state of Hanlin. On 29 February 1752, the chief of the village Aung Zeya founded the Konbaung Dynasty to resist the upcoming invasion of Lower Burma-based Hanthawaddy forces. Aung Zeya, who also assumed the royal title of Alaungpaya, gained the allegiance of 46 surrounding villages, and organized defenses building a stockade and digging a moat around Moksobo. He renamed his village, Shwebo (lit. Golden Chief). Over the next eight years, Alaungpaya led the reunification of Burma with Shwebo as his capital.
Shwebo lost its status as capital after Alaungpaya's death in 1760. The successor Naungdawgyi moved the capital to Sagaing closer to the Irrawaddy river. Nonetheless, Shwebo continued to be an important region throughout the Konbaung era (1752–1885), providing a disproportionate share of soldiers that served in Konbaung's armies. The region was usually held as an appanage by the most senior princes, usually the crown prince. It was to Shwebo that Prince of Mindon went in 1853 to raise the standard of rebellion in his successful bid to overthrow his half brother Pagan.
Names of Shwebo
Shwebo is famous for its five names. Five titles had been conferred to the city namely:
- Moksobo (မုဆိုးဘို), its original name
- Yadana-Theinhka (ရတနာသိင်္ဃ)
- Konbaung (ကုန်းဘောင်)
- Yangyi-Aung (ရန်ကြီးအောင်), and
- Shwebo (ရွှေဘို), its modern name.
Shwebo received 4.37 inches (111 mm) of rainfall on 19 October 2011. It was the record breaking rainfall within 24 hours of October for past 48 years. The previous record was 3.84 inches (98 mm) of 24 October 1993.
Shwebo is served by Myanmar Railways's Mandalay-Myitkyina railway line but is best reached by pickup truck or bus as the roads from Mandalay and Monywa are in reasonably good shape. Now it is available to travel from Yangon to Shwebo directly.
The major tourist attractions in Shwebo, although few tourists make the journey and facilities are very limited, are its numerous Buddhist temples, and the reconstruction of Alaungpaya's palace. The city is still surrounded by its ancient moat. There are many pagodas, such as Shwetaza Buddha Image and Myodaung Pagoda.
There are three Basic Education High Schools in Shwebo. The town is home to the Shwebo University and Shwebo Government Technological College. Government Technological College (Shwebo) was established on 20 January 2007. It is situated in the north-east of Shwebo, about 3 miles (4.8 km), and in the east of Shwebo-Myitkyina Mahabyuha Road, about 1.14 miles (1.83 km)
- Shwebo Palace (Shwebonyadana Mingala Nandaw)
- Myodaung Pagoda (မြို့ထောင့်စေတီ)
- Mahananda Lake (မဟာနန္ဒာကန်တော်)
- Tomb of Alaungphaya
- Shwetaza Buddha Image
- GE Harvey (1925). "Shan Migration (Ava)". History of Burma. London: Frank Cass & Co. Ltd. pp. 219–220.
- Bird, George W (1897). "Wanderings in Burma". England: F J Bright & Son. pp. 328, 329, 332.
- Pe, Hla; Anna J. Allott and John Okell (1963). "Three 'Immortal' Burmese Songs". Bulletin of the School of Oriental and African Studies, University of London (Cambridge University Press on behalf of School of Oriental and African Studies) 26 (3): 563. JSTOR 611566.
- http://www.mrtv3.net.mm/newpaper/2110newsm.pdf Page 10 Col 2
- "Shwebo, Burma", Falling Rain Genomics, Inc.
- "Shwebo Map — Satellite Images of Shwebo", Maplandia
- Myanmar: the Missing Link from Western China to India’s N.E. States Transit routes from western China through northern Myanmar. Oilseedcrops.org; Editor Article.
|Capital of Burma
29 February 1752 – 26 July 1760