Si River

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The Si River (Chinese: ; pinyin: Sì Shuǐ) is a watercourse located in Shandong Province and, in ancient time, in Jiangsu Province, China. It rises in the southern foothills of the Mengshan Mountains (蒙山) then flows through Sishui County, and the cities of Qufu and Yanzhou before emptying into Lake Nanyang (南阳湖). In ancient times the river was a large tributary of the Huai River, converging with the waters of the Fan (反), Sui (睢), Tong (潼) and Yi (沂) and numerous other rivers then passing through present day Yutai County, Pei County, Xuzhou City, Suqian City and Siyang County in Shandong and Jiangsu Provinces. At Sikou (泗口) (also known as Qingkou (清口), present day Huai'an City, Jiangsu), the Si River discharged into the Huai River.[1] From very early on the Si River was connected with the Huai and Yangtze Rivers as well as the Central Plain of China for a long period in its history. In 1194, at the time of the Song and Jin Dynasties, the Yellow River altered its course southwards,[2] engulfing the lower reaches of the Si River below Xuzhou City and those of the Huai River below Huai’an City. As a result the Si River no longer exists in Jiangsu Province. In 1855, the Yellow River once more altered its course northwards. However, due to the large amount of silt carried by the river, it left behind a 4-6 meter high layer of mud in the lower reaches of the Si River’s former course.

The philosopher Confucius is buried on the north bank of the Si River where it passes through Qufu City. The river was also traditionally regarded as a place where the Nine Cauldrons were lost.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Li Daoyuan, ‘’Commentary to the River Classic’’
  2. ^ René Grousset The rise and splendor of the Chinese Empire, University of California Press, 1959, 3rd printing, page 303 (map)