Siamese–Vietnamese War (1841–45)
The 1841–1845 Siamese-Vietnamese War in Cambodia was a war between Vietnam (then under the rule of the Nguyen Dynasty) and Siam (Thailand), triggered by Siam's attempt to expand its influence in Cambodia and to prevent its rival, Vietnam, from territorial gains the region at the expense of the declining Khmer Empire.
After Vietnam defeated Siam in the 1831–1834 war, Vietnamese-installed Queen Ang Mey reigned on the Cambodian throne during a period of increased Vietnamese influence over the country. Vietnamese occupation and oppression caused a rebellion 1841, with Cambodians overthrowing Vietnamese sympathizers, asking for help from Siam, and supporting Cambodian prince Ang Duong in his quest to return from exile in Bangkok and become king. King Rama III of Siam sent an army in the name of installing Ang Duong to the throne in 1841.
Facing increasing instability, the Vietnamese abandoned Cambodia and retreated to An Giang. Not missing this chance, on February 1842 the Siamese launched an offensive right into Vietnamese territory, capturing Cô Tô mountain. However, Vietnamese reinforcements from Huế and central Vietnam quickly moved to the Mekong River Delta and effectively stopped the Siamese onslaught. Then, in May, a strong Vietnamese counter-offensive smashed the Siamese troops, retook Cô Tô captured a large amount of prisoners of war.
Meanwhile, in Cambodia, the Siamese occupying forces repeated the same mistakes of the Vietnamese, and as a result they lost the locals' trust. The Cambodians then sought for Vietnam's aid and in July 1845, a large Vietnamese army marched to Cambodia. On 13 September, Phnom Penh fell. Chao Phraya and Ang Duong retreated to Oudong. The Vietnamese continued the pursuit and in October, Oudong was besieged.
Encircled, Chao Phraya sought for peace, and in November 1845, both nations sign a peace treaty, bringing the war to an end. Cambodia was placed under joint Siamese-Vietnamese protection. In January 1847, Ang Duong sent emissaries to pay tributes to both Siam and Vietnam, recognizing its joint vassalage to both the Court of Bangkok and the Court of Hue. This lasted until the French established a protectorate in 1863.
- Economic Equality and Victory in War: An Empirical Investigation
- Trần Trọng Kim, Việt Nam sử lược, Nxb Tân Việt, Sài Gòn, 1964
- Sơn Nam, Lịch sử An Giang, NXB Tổng hợp An Giang, 1988.
- Sơn Nam, Lịch sử khẩn hoang Miền Nam. Nxb Văn nghệ TP. HCM, 1994.
- Phạm Văn Sơn, Việt sử tân biên, Quyển 4. Tủ sách Sử học Việt Nam, sài Gòn, 1961.
- Hoàng Văn Lân & Ngô Thị Chính, Lịch sử Việt Nam (1858– cuối XIX), Q. 3, Tập 2. Nxb Giáo dục, 1979.
- Phạm Việt Trung – Nguyễn Xuân Kỳ – Đỗ Văn Nhung, Lịch sử Campuchia. Nxb Đại học và Trung học chuyên nghiệp, 1981.
|This Cambodia-related article is a stub. You can help Wikipedia by expanding it.|