Siamese–Vietnamese War (1831–34)

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Siamese–Vietnamese War(1831-1834)
Part of Siamese–Vietnamese Wars
Date 1831-1834
Location Cochinchina
Result Vietnamese victory
Belligerents
Nguyễn dynasty Rattanakosin Kingdom
Commanders and leaders
Trương Minh Giảng
Nguyễn Xuân
Tống Phước Lương
Phạm Hữu Tâm
Lê Văn Thụy
Phạm Văn Điển
Nguyễn Văn Xuân
Trương Phúc Đĩnh
Chao Phraya Bodin Decha
Phra Klang
Strength
unknown ca. 50.000
ca 100 warships.
Casualties and losses
unknown unknown

The Siamese-Vietnamese War of 1831-1834, also known as the Siamese-Cambodian War of 1831-1834, started when Siam (Thailand) tried to conquer Cambodia but was repelled by Viet Nam.

After Ang Chan II (1791-1837) retook the Cambodian throne in 1812, Siamese forces moved into northern Cambodia and then southward in support of their own claimant to the throne. The Cambodians were routed at the Battle of Kompong Chang and Ang Chan fled to Viet Nam in 1832.

Encouraged by their success, the Siamese pushed farther east, capturing the Vietnamese territory of Châu Đốc and Vĩnh Long in southern Vietnam before being confronted by Vietnamese troops and forced to pull back.

In the meantime a general uprising broke out in Cambodia and eastern Laos (under Siamese and Vietnamese controls). The Vietnamese fielded a 15,000-strong army and marched against the Siamese in 1833 with the goal of restoring Ang Chan to the Cambodian capital of Udong, north of Phnom Penh. The Siamese retreated and Vietnam gained control of Cambodia.

On 19 February 1833, American diplomatist Edmund Roberts arrived at the Siamese port of Pak Nam simultaneously with an embassy from Vietnam (known to him as Cochin China under emperor Minh Mạng.) Roberts was only vaguely aware of the war, but soon learned the object of mission: "...no less than to demand the delivery, to them, of the person of the first minister of state, and superintendant of Pegu, and the principalities of Laus and Camboja, whose title is "Chan-phaya-bodin-desha;" he is a "meh-tap," (Thai: แม่ทัพ mother-of-the-army) or commander of the Siamese forces now in Camboja." This was a renewed demand arising from an incident during the Laotian Rebellion of 1826-1829. Minh Mang had sent an envoy with a hundred men to learn of Siamese intentions; which Bodindecha made known by leaving only one of them alive to return. The 1833 mission was coldly received, in sharp contrast with the attention given that of Roberts.[1]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Roberts, Edmund (Digitized 12 October 2007) [First published in 1837]. "Chapter XVIII —Embassy from Cochin-China". Embassy to the Eastern courts of Cochin-China, Siam, and Muscat : in the U. S. sloop-of-war Peacock during the years 1832-3-4. Harper & brothers. p. 282. OCLC 12212199. Retrieved 4 May 2013. "... an ambassador from the emperor of Cochin-China was sent to the general in command, with the ostensible object of interposing in behalf of Chow-vin-chan and his family, who had fled into their territory...." 

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