Sib Pal Gi Association
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|Revised Romanization||Sib Pal Gi|
|McCune–Reischauer||Sib Pal Ki|
The Sib Pal Gi Association (십팔기협회 Dae Han Sibpalki Hyeop Hwe; also The Korea Sibpalki Association) is a Korean martial arts association established in 1981 under the leadership of Kim Kwang-Seok (Kim Gwang-suk 김광석; 金光錫, b. 1936, style name Haebeom). Sib Pal Ki (literally "eighteen skills") is a Korean term for "martial arts", either Chinese martial arts or Korean martial arts (as opposed to the Japanese martial arts introduced during the Japanese rule in Korea).
Kim Kwang-Seok had opened a martial arts school in 1969, having studied martial arts during the late 1940s to early 1950s under one master Yun Myeong-Deok, first in a Taoist monastery at Mount Jiri in Korea's South Jeolla province, and during the Korean War relocating to Busan. He published four books on his system between 1987 and 2002.
In 1986 Korean folklorist Sim U-seong worked together with Kim Kwang-Seok to compare his style with the historical Muyedobotongji or "Comprehensive Illustrated Manual of Martial Arts" of 1790. In the same year, the first public performance of Sib Pal Gi took place at the Batanggol Small Theater in Seoul.
In 2001, students of Kim Kwang Seok founded the Sib Pal Gi Preservation Society (십팔기 보존회), dedicated to staging public performances and disseminating public awareness of Korean martial arts in the South Korean public.
There is an amount of controversy in the Korean martial arts community[who?] as to which extent the Sib Pal Gi system taught by Kim Kwang-Seok corresponds to the historical 18th-century (as suggested by Kim Kwang-Seok 1987) and to which extent the system reflects more modern influence of Chinese martial arts; but the emphasis of Sib Pal Gi in Korea is that of being a "native" system in the sense of avoiding the modern Japanese martial arts which had become mainstream under the Japanese occupation of Korea during the first half of the 20th century.
The term Sip Pal Gi (십팔기 "Eighteen Skills") in modern Korean martial arts has come to identify three separate but related activities.
- there are practitioners in South Korea who follow the practices of an eclectic Chinese system of armed and unarmed Martial Arts termed Sip Pal Gi owing to the number of systems, methods and practices in its curriculum. Individual schools will vary in the weapons used and the manner of practice.
- A second and more general application of the term is as a label to identify Chinese martial arts generically, much like "kung fu" has become an umbrella term for them in the West.
- Lastly, there are small groups of practitioners who use the term Sip Pal Gi historically, for the attempted reconstruction of 18th-century Korean martial arts based on the historical manuals, specifically the Muyesinbo, much in the same way as martial arts reconstruction in the West.
Lim Dong-kyu, a former student of Kim Kwang-Seok's, later[year needed] founded the Kyong-Dang association based in Gwangju. Kyong-Dang teaches the Muye Eeshipsa Ban[clarification needed] consisting of 1,204 techniques in the "twenty-four skills" of the Muyedobotongji.
- Kim Kwang-sŏk and Sim U-sŏng (1987), "Technical analysis of the 'Comprehensive Illustrated Manual of Martial Arts'" (Muye tobo tʻongji : silgi haeje), Tongmunsŏn (東文選; Dongmunseon Books), Seoul.
- Kim Kwang-sŏk (1992), "Essentials of Fist Methods" (Kwŏnpŏp yogyŏl 권법요결 拳法要訣), Tongmunsŏn, Seoul.
- Kim Kwang-sŏk (1995), "The National Sword: teaching Joseon-era swordsmanship" (Ponʾguk kŏm : Chosŏn kŏmpŏp kyojŏng 本國劍 : 朝鮮劍法敎程), Tongmunsŏn.
- Kim Kwang-sŏk (2002), "Joseon-era Spear and Staff Syllabus" (Chosŏn chʻangbong kyojŏng 朝鮮槍捧教程), Tongmunsŏn munye sinsŏ [東文選 文藝新書] vol. 208, Seoul, ISBN 9788980382668.