Siberia Governorate

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Coordinates: 58°11′N 68°16′E / 58.183°N 68.267°E / 58.183; 68.267

Siberia Governorate
Сибирская губерния
Governorate of Russian Empire
1708–1782  
[[File:-->|30px|border|link=Irkutsk Governorate|alt=]] [[Irkutsk Governorate|]]
Location of Siberia
Governorate subdivision of Russian Empire in 1682-1762. Siberia Governorate is shown as number 8.
Capital Tobolsk
History
 -  Established December 29 [O.S. December 18]
 -  Disestablished January 30 [O.S. January 19]
Political subdivisions three provinces
Coat of arms of Tsardom of Siberia (part of the Russian Imperial Coat of Arms)

Siberia Governorate (Russian: Сибирская губерния) was an administrative division (a guberniya) of the Tsardom of Russia and then the Russian Empire, which existed from 1708 until 1782. Its seat was in Tobolsk (initially spelt as Tobolesk). The governorate was located in the east of Russian Empire and bordered China in the south, Kazan Governorate in the southwest, and Archangelgorod Governorate in the northwest. In the north and the east, the governorate was limited by the seas of the Arctic and Pacific Oceans. In therms of the area, Siberia Governorate was by far the biggest among all the governorates, as it included areas in the Urals, Siberia, and the Russian Far East some of which were not yet even settled by Russians at the time.

Establishment[edit]

Siberia Governorate, together with seven other governorates, was established on December 29 [O.S. December 18], 1708, by Tsar Peter the Great's edict.[1] As with the rest of the governorates, neither the borders nor internal subdivisions of Siberia Governorate were defined; instead, the territory was defined as a set of cities and the lands adjacent to those cities.[2]

At the time of establishment, the following thirty cities were included into Siberia Governorate,[1]

  • (listed as towns)
  1. Beryozov
  2. Ilimskoy
  3. Irkutskoy
  4. Ketskoy
  5. Krasny Yar
  6. Kuznetskoy
  7. Mangazeya
  8. Narym
  9. Nerchinskoy
  10. Pelym
  11. Surgut
  12. Tara
  13. Tobolesk
  14. Tomskoy
  15. Turinsk
  16. Tyumen
  17. Verkhoturye
  18. Yakutskoy
  19. Yeniseysk
  • (listed as Pomor towns)
  1. Cherdyn
  2. Kay Gorodok
  3. Kungur
  4. Perm Velikaya
  5. Sol Kamskaya
  6. Vyatka with four unnamed suburbs
  7. Yarensk

Transformations and disestablishment[edit]

Tobolsk in 1750

In 1719, the governorate was divided into three provinces: Vyatka, Solikamsk, and Tobolsk. Simultaneously, Yarensky Uyezd with the administrative center of Yarensk was moved from Siberia Governorate to Archangelgorod Governorate.[3]

In 1724, Tobolsk Province was split into Yeniseysk, Irkutsk, and Tobolsk Provinces. In 1727, Vyatka and Solikamsk Provinces were transferred to Kazan Governorate.[4]

In 1736, Okhotsky Uyezd was split off from Yakutsky Uyezd. In the same year, Siberia Governorate was split into two independent areas: Siberia Province, which consisted of the former Tobolsk and Yeniseysk Provinces, under the authority of the governor (posted in Tobolsk), and Irkutsk Province. In 1737, the areas in the South Urals were organized into Iset Province with the center in the town of Shadrinsk, and the province was transferred into Orenburg Governorate. In 1764, Irkutsk Governorate was established in place of the former Irkutsk Province.[4]

In 1782, Siberia Governorate was abolished, and its area split into Tobolsk Viceroyalty and Kolyvan Viceroyalty. Irkutsk Governorate was transformed into Irkutsk Viceroyalty.[4]

Governors[edit]

The administration of the governorate was performed by a governor. The governors of Siberia Governorate were[5]

  • 1708-1714 Matvey Petrovich Gagarin
  • 1714-1716 Ivan Bibikov (acting governor)
  • 1716-1719 Matvey Petrovich Gagarin, imprisoned in 1719 and executed by hanging in 1721 for corruption;
  • 1719-1724 Alexey Mikhaylovich Cherkassky
  • 1724-1726 Mikhail Vladimirovich Dolgorukov
  • 1726-1727 Alexey Mikhaylovich Surov (acting governor)
  • 1727-1728 Mikhail Vladimirovich Dolgorukov
  • 1728-1731 Ivan Vasilyevich Boltin (vice-governor, acting governor)
  • 1730 Vasily Lukich Dolgorukov (never arrived to Tobolsk, imprisoned and subsequently executed in 1739)
  • 1731-1736 Alexey Lvovich Pleshcheyev
  • 1736-1741 Pyotr Ivanovich Buturlin
  • 1741-1742 Ivan Afanasyevich Shipov
  • 1742-1752 Alexey Mikhaylovich Sukharev
  • 1754-1757 Vasily Alexeyevich Myatlev
  • 1757-1763 Fyodor Ivanovich Soymonov
  • 1763-1780 Denis Ivanovich Chicherin

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Указ об учреждении губерний и о росписании к ним городов (Russian)
  2. ^ С. А. Тархов (2001). "Изменение административно-территориального деления России за последние 300 лет". Электронная версия журнала "География". 
  3. ^ Лукошников, В. А. (March 22, 2006). Яренский уезд. Маяк (in Russian) (22). 
  4. ^ a b c Софронов, Вячеслав Юрьевич; Сладкова, Любовь Николаевна (2007). Культурное наследие Западной Сибири (in Russian). Yekaterinburg: Уральский государственный университет. pp. 75–76. 
  5. ^ ТОБОЛЬСКИЙ РАЙОН (in Russian). narod.ru. Retrieved 21 August 2011.