Sibir (steamship icebreaker)

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For the 1977 ship, see Sibir (nuclear icebreaker).
"Icebreaker Joseph Stalin" redirects here. For the steamer with the same name, see Steamer Tovarishch Stalin.
Rus Stamp GSS-Belousov Papanin.jpg
Icebreaker I. Stalin on the USSR postage stamp (1940)
Career
Name: I. Stalin (1938–1956)
Sibir (1956–1973)
Namesake: Joseph Stalin
Builder: Ordzhonikidze Yard, Leningrad
Launched: 14 August 1937
In service: 1938
Renamed: Sibir, c.1956
Fate: Broken up, 1973
General characteristics
Type: Icebreaker
Tonnage: 4,866 GRT
Displacement: 11,000 long tons (11,177 t)
Length: 107 m (351 ft)
Beam: 23 m (75 ft)
Draught: 9.3 m (31 ft)
Propulsion: 3 × triple expansion steam engines, 10,050 hp (7.49 MW)
Coal-fired boilers
3 stern and 1 bow propellers
Diesel electric engines for cruising
Speed: 15.5 knots (28.7 km/h; 17.8 mph)
Crew: 142
Armament: (in World War II) three 76mm guns, seven 20mm AA guns
Aircraft carried: (pre-World War II) three
Aviation facilities: (post-World War II) helicopter deck
Notes: all characteristics (except armament) come from[1]

The Sibir (built 1938 as I. Stalin) was the first Soviet icebreaker built at a domestic shipyard.

Owing to many delays, it took over two years to finish. It was built at the Ordzhonikidze Yard in Leningrad (now St. Petersburg) between 1937 and 1938.

The I. Stalin was the biggest icebreaker of the Soviet fleet at that time. In 1938 it reached the Arctic in its first expedition.

The I. Stalin, freed the icebreaker Sedov on January 18, 1940 between Greenland and Svalbard after it had been drifting as a scientific Soviet polar station for a long time.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Notes
  1. ^ "JOSEPH STALIN / SIBIR". shipstamps.co.uk. 2012. Retrieved 21 January 2012. from Jane's Fighting Ships of World War II 
Bibliography