|Established||Jinjiang Shuyuan, 1740 (Shujun Junxue, BCE 141)
Zunjing Shuyuan, 1875
Sichuan ZhongXi Xuetang, 1896
Sichuan (Higher) Normal School, 1905
National Chengdu Higher Normal School, 1916
National Sichuan University, 1931
|President||Xie Heping (谢和平)|
|Location||Chengdu, Sichuan, People's Republic of China|
Sichuan University (simplified Chinese: 四川大学; traditional Chinese: 四川大學; pinyin: Sìchuān Dàxué, often shortened simply to"川大") is one of the national key comprehensive universities, located in Chengdu, Sichuan Province, China, with a long history and many predecessors, of which the earliest one was founded in 1740 with the origin in BCE 141. It was transformed to be a modern university in 1920s and the name National Sichuan University was adopted in 1931.
Sichuan University (SCU) is one of the national universities directly under the Ministry of Education (MOE). It is also one of the State 211 Project and 985 Project universities enjoying privileged construction in the Ninth Five-Year Plan period. It is ranked No. 8 among the Chinese universities according to the 2010 Academic Ranking of World Universities.
The president of the university is Professor Xie Heping, an academician of the Chinese Academy of Engineering.
The current Sichuan University is the result of mergers of former Sichuan University and the two other universities, Chengdu University of Science and Technology (CUST), a national university under the Ministry of Education, merged in 1994, shortly known by the name of Sichuan Union University for the new formed university, and China University of Medical Science (WCUMS), a university under the State Ministry of Health, in 2000.
Sichuan University is one of the earliest institutions of higher education in China, with many predecessors, and became National Sichuan University in 1931 during the period of Republic of China. The earliest predecessor of Sichuan University is Jinjiang Shuyuan established in 1740 at Chengdu Fuxue which was originated in BCE 141 and was the first local public higher learning institution. It shared the same root with today's Chengdu Shishi High School. In 1902, Jinjiang Shuyuan, and Zunjing Shuyuan which was established in 1875, the two Chinese classical learning schools, were merged with Sichuan Zhong-Xi Xuetang (Sichuan Chinese and Western Learning School) which was established in 1896 and was a new modern type school with studies from modern western learnings, and formed Sichuan Higher School. In 1916, with the merger of Sichuan Higher School and Sichuan Higher Normal School which was established in 1905, National Chengdu Higher Normal School was founded, and it was later divided to form National Chengdu University in 1926 and National Chengdu Normal University in 1927. In 1931, by the merger of National Chengdu University, Chengdu Normal University, and the Public Sichuan University which was formed in 1927 by merger of five Sichuan provincial specialized schools, National Sichuan University was established. By 1949, Sichuan University had developed into one of the biggest national multidisciplinary universities with 6 schools, respectively in: literature, science, engineering, agriculture, law, and teacher training.
In 1949, upon the nationwide adjustment of universities and colleges, spurred by the Chinese revolution, Sichuan University became a university with majors on literature, historiography, religion, mathematics, physics, biology, and other subjects. In 1958, it was the only university outside Beijing directly administerd by the Central Government.
The former Chengdu University of Science and Technology was established as the Chengdu Engineering College in 1954 as the result of the nation-wide college and department adjustment. It specialized in chemical engineering, hydroelectricity, mechanics, textiles, and light industry.
Sichuan University School of Medicine was originally built as a private medical school, once known as Huaxi Xiehe College (West China Union College) and then West China University of Medical Science. It was established in 1910 by five Christian missionary groups from the U.S., UK and Canada, with offered courses in stomatology, biomedicine, basic medicine and clinical medicine. It has been a medical university in China that has enjoyed a good reputation abroad.
Zhang Lan, social activist, educationist, and former Vice-Chairman of the Chinese Central Government, and Wu Yuzhang, revolutionary and educationist, were once the President of the university. Other notable people who studied at SCU include Marshal Zhu De, one of the founding fathers of the People's Republic of China and the People's Liberation Army, Guo Moruo, a literary expert and previous president of Chinese Academy of Science, and Ba Jin, a well-known Chinese author.
During the Cultural Revolution, large numbers of students were recruited to join various Red Guard groups, many of which were headquartered in various offices and dormitories at SCU. The campus grounds and academic institutions of the University sustained heavy damage as a result of Red Guard attacks on various structures or departments seen as representing the Four Olds or those thought to contain bad or anti-revolutionary elements, such as various members of the faculty and administration. Infighting between various Red Guard factions associated with the student body compounded the damage to campus facilities throughout the more chaotic periods of the 1960s.
Today, Sichuan University is the most comprehensive and largest university in Western China, and is part of Project 211. SCU grants doctorates in twelve main disciplines and 111 subordinate disciplines. It also has six professional degree programs, and has 16 disciplines for postdoctoral research. The 109 bachelor's degree programs SCU grants cover the main fields in liberal arts, sciences, engineering, medicine and agriculture. Its current student population is more than 70,000 and its alumni number over 200,000.
Sichuan University has a current total staff of 11,357, among which 1,323 are professors, 2,345 associate professors, 13 academicians of Chinese Academy of Sciences and Chinese Academy of Engineering, 434 tutors of doctoral students, and 17 members of the Academic Degrees Committee and the Discipline Appraisal Group under the State Council. SCU has 23 professorships from the Yangtze River Scholar Award Plan (9 lecture professor).
Sichuan University has two national key labs, six national engineering centers, five ministerial (MOE) key labs, 35 provincial key labs, 10 ministerial and provincial centers, four key research bases for humanities and social sciences, and four clinical research bases at the national level. The university has invested significantly in research, teaching and medical equipment, with a total value of about 530 million RMB.
SCU has undertaken and completed a considerable number of national, ministerial and regional research projects, and has made many achievements that are rated first class in China and bear significant international influence. The university publishes more than 4,000 research papers annually.
In 2002, the university's state and central government funding ranked fifth among Chinese universities; it was ranked seventh for the number of publications and eleventh for publications included in SCI. The citations ranked fifteenth among Chinese universities. The number of publications in science, engineering and medicine ranked sixth, and the citations ranked seventh among Chinese universities. In 2002, the university applied for 121 patents, 102 out of which were invention-oriented, making it number eighth among peer schools.
The University has four libraries containing, in total, about 5.5 million volumes. The libraries also serves as the Collection Center for English Publications under the National Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization, MOE Information Center for Liberal Arts Literature and CALIS Southwest Sub-center. The National University Scientific and Technological Projects and Achievements Consulting Center, and Center for Medical Literature Retrieval in Southwest China are served by the SCU library as well. The University Museum is the only one of its kind in China with a comprehensive collection of over 40,000 cultural relics, and over 600,000 animal and plant specimens, ranking first in its holdings among the others in China. The University Stadium is fully equipped and once served as the main field for the Sixth National Collegiate Sports Meet. Other sub-divisions available are Campus Web Center, Analytic and Testing Center, University Archive Establishment, University Press, National Foreign Language Examination Center and Intensive Language Training Center, 4 attached hospitals, and 1 attached health school. So far the university has published 37 academic periodicals to domestic and overseas subscribers.
Sichuan University's three campuses are located in Chengdu, the capital city of Sichuan Province. The older Wangjiang campus (望江) is in central Chengdu, adjacent to the Jinjiang River and its tributary the Jiang'an River. The nearby Huaxi (华西) Campus is the site of the medical school. The Jiang'an (江安) Campus was built in 2003 in Shuangliu County about 12.5 km away from the older campuses; it covers an area of about 4.7 km² and has total floorage of more than 2.7 million m².
Colleges and Schools
|This section needs additional citations for verification. (January 2009)|
The University has over 30 colleges or schools in various disciplines, including:
- Wu Yuzhang Honors College, the elite undergraduate college of Sichuan University;
- College of Physical Science and Technology
- The College of Physical Science and Technology is located in Wangjiang Campus, which is one of the most biggest and eldest college in the university. The Department of Physics was established in the year 1928, which means have a history more than 80 years. There are two key national disciplines: Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Nuclear Technology. Other study areas include Optics and Condensate Matter Theory. Optics was originally a national discipline in 1980s, but not as much currently. Condensate Matter physics carries out its research in the mesoscopic electron transportation lab. The leader of the laboratory, Prof. Jie Gao, now focus on the transportation of single electron with the aim of finding novelty ways to measure tiny electrical current.
- College of Arts
- College of Foreign Languages and Cultures
- College of Mathematics
- School of Chemical Engineering
- School of Pharmacy
- West China College of Stomatology, which has a significant role in the development of modern stomatology, and was the earliest hospital of stomatology in China. A dental clinic called Ren Ji Dental Clinic was founded in 1907, and then expanded to the first dental hospital in China in 1912. In 1917 the medical faculty of West China Union University (WCUU) established a department of dentistry and in 1921 the status was raised to the college of dentistry of WCUU. In 1928 the college of Medicine and dentistry formed the joint college of medicine and dentistry of WCUU. It was renamed as Hospital of Stomatology, Sichuan Medical College in 1953. In 1985, it was granted a name as the College of Stomatology, West China University of Medical Sciences and was changed into West China College of Stomatology, Sichuan University in 2000.
- Institute of Semiotics and Media Studies(ISMS), founded in 2006 by Professor Henry (Yiheng) Zhao. The ISMS has research focused on the semiotics of video games, brand, fashion, tourism, gift, celebrities and other topics of popular culture. Interdisciplinary studies integrating semiotics with Marxism, psychoanalysis, gender studies phenomenology, existentialism, hermeneutics, and post-modernism has been an ISMS focus.
Notable people associated with Sichuan University
- Zhu De 朱德
- Yang Shangkun 杨尚昆
- Guo Moruo 郭沫若
- Ba Jin 巴金
- Feng Youlan 冯友兰
- Wu Yuzhang 吴玉章
- Tong Dizhou 童第周
- Zhu Guangqian 朱光潜
- Ke Zhao 柯召
- Pu Baoming 蒲保明
- The 2010 Academic Ranking of World Universities by Shanghai Jiao Tong University ranked Sichuan University No. 8 among Chinese universities and in the 301-400 bracket worldwide.
- Social Sciences and Missions Jeff Kyong-McClain, Making Chengdu 'The Kingdom of God as Jesus Conceived It': The Urban Work of West China Union, (Leiden: Brill), NO.23/2 (2010), pp. 162–186