Sichuanese character

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Sichuanese character (Chinese: 四川方言字; Sichuanese Pinyin: Si4cuan1 Fang1yan2zi4; pinyin: Sìchuān Fāngyánzì) refers to those Chinese characters used only in written Sichuanese. Sichuanese characters are often created as ideogrammatic compound characters (会意字) or phono-semantic compound characters (形声字).[1]

For example, in Sichuanese 𨈓 (Sichuanese Pinyin: nang1) means thin, and it is created in ideogrammatic compounds as shown in the table below:

(body) + (small) = 𨈓
small body → thin

Furthermore, 㧯 (Sichuanese Pinyin: nao3), which means to lift in Sichuanese, is created as a phono-semantic compound character as shown in the table below:

Determinative Rebus Compound

hand

nao3

nao3 "to lift with hand"

Examples[edit]

Sichuanese character Sichuanese Pinyin meaning Standard Chinese character with similar meaning
𢭃 dou4 to compose
mie3 to tear
𤆺 kong3 a local way to cook none
𠵫 ngang3 loud
𨃅[2] bai1 lame
𨈓 nang1 thin
𤆵 pa1 soft
ga3 meat
za1 open
ka1 or qia1 to jam into
𣲩 pa2 a local quantifier
ba3 excrement
𧿨[2] ban3 to struggle 挣扎
𧽤 biao1 to run fast none
𢱟 can3 to slap
𢲵 cao4 to stir
𡘧 ka2 or qia2 to step across
song3 to push
Gu.svg gu1 to crouch
Dingga.svg din1ga1 small
ngou4 to enrage
ci2 a local desert none

References[edit]

  1. ^ 梁东汉 (1959). "第一章第四节:在方言基础上产生的方言文字". 《汉字的结构及其流变》. 上海教育出版社. 
  2. ^ a b 赵振铎 (2001). "收字杂议". 《字典论》. 上海辞书出版社. ISBN 7-5326-0808-5.