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Sicilian regional election, 2012
October 28, 2012 → 2017
Sicilian regional election of 2012 for the renewal of the Sicilian Parliament and the election of the President of Sicily was held on 28 October 2012. It was a snap election, following the resignation of President Raffaele Lombardo for judicial and financial reasons.
The election was competed by ten candidates from newly reshuffled political alliances, and is expected to be an unusually close race. The winner of the election was
Rosario Crocetta, [2 ] candidate for a centre-left alliance of [3 ] Democratic Party and the Union of the Centre. [3 ]
Candidates [ edit ]
Nello Musumeci: a long-time Member of European Parliament and former 2006 election candidate, heads a "regular" centre-right coalition formed by The People of Freedom (PdL) and The Right (LD), the latter being the party of Musumeci;
Gianfranco Micciché: a former minister for Development, deputy minister for Economy and - most recently - state undersecretary in several cabinets of Silvio Berlusconi, will lead a Sicilianist (pro-autonomy) coalition formed by Raffaele Lombardo's Movement for Autonomies (MpA), renamed Party of the Sicilians for the occasion, Micciché's own party Great South (GS), and the regional section of Future and Freedom (FLI).
Rosario Crocetta: Member of European Parliament and former Mayor of Gela, will be the candidate of a moderate centre-left coalition formed by Crocetta's Democratic Party (PD) and the Union of the Centre (UdC);
Giovanna Marano: a Sicilian trade union leader, leads a left-wing coalition made of Left Ecology Freedom (SEL), Italy of Values (IdV), the Federation of the Left (FdS) and the Federation of the Greens (FdV). She was put in place of original candidate Claudio Fava after the latter failed to move his residence to Sicily in time;
Giancarlo Cancellieri: leading member candidate for the Sicilian wing of Beppe Grillo's Five Star Movement (M5S). His candidacy was extensively supported by Grillo himself, who reached the island swimming across the Strait of Messina and then campaigned consecutively through the island for the last two weeks of electoral campaign; Mariano Ferro: a leading member and figurehead of the
2012 Sicilian protests, runs as a candidate for the Pitchforks Movement; Cateno De Luca: a former
Movement for Autonomies member and outgoing Sicilian MP, runs as a candidate for his own movement Sicilian Revolution. Giacomo Di Leo: candidate for
Workers' Communist Party; Gaspare Sturzo: a descendant of
Italian People's Party founder Luigi Sturzo, runs as an independent candidate for "Sturzo Presidente" (Sturzo President); Lucia Pinsone: independent candidate for "Voi Volontari per l'Italia" (You Volunteers for Italy);
Electoral system [ edit ]
The Sicilian Parliament is elected with a mixed system: 80 MPs are chosen with a form of
proportional representation using a largest remainder method with open lists and a 5% threshold, while 10 MPs are elected with a block voting system with closed lists.
Results [ edit ]
Rosario Crocetta 617,073
Democratic Party 257,274
Union of the Centre 207,827
The Megaphone - Crocetta List (incl.
ApI and PSI) [4 ] [5 ] 118,346
Nello Musumeci 521,022
The People of Freedom 247,351
Popular Construction (incl. PID, AP and PACE) [6 ] 112,169
Musumeci List (incl.
The Right) [7 ] 107,397
Alliance of the Centre 5,017
Five Star Movement 285,202
Party of the Sicilians– MpA 182,737
Great South 115,444
Future and Freedom 83,891
Ppa - Piazza Pulita List
Italy of Values 67,738
Left Ecology Freedom– FdS– Greens 58,753
Source: Sicily Region
Aftermath [ edit ]
Following the result of the election, Crocetta was elected as president of Sicily, which turned out to be surprising in what was considered the strongest conservative stronghold of Italy. As he did not have a full majority in the Sicilian assembly, Crocetta decided to form a minority government with the support of the
Five Star Movement in a number of shared legislative acts.