|This article needs additional citations for verification. (March 2010)|
|Born||Avron Zalmon Fleischman
March 16, 1920
Brooklyn, New York, USA
|Died||March 17, 2010
Santa Monica, California, USA
|Alma mater||San Diego State University|
|Genre||Children's literature, comic novels|
|Notable awards||Newbery Medal
Horn Book Award
|Spouse||Betty Taylor (c. 1952, d. 1993)|
Albert Sidney Fleischman (March 16, 1920 – March 17, 2010), or Sid Fleischman, was an American author of children's books, screenplays, novels for adults, and nonfiction books about magic. His works for children are known for their humor, imagery, zesty plotting, and exploration of the byways of American history. He won the Newbery Medal in 1987 for The Whipping Boy and the Boston Globe–Horn Book Award in 1979 for Humbug Mountain. For his career contribution as a children's writer he was U.S. nominee for the biennial, international Hans Christian Andersen Award in 1994. In 2003, the Society of Children's Book Writers and Illustrators inaugurated the Sid Fleischman Award in his honor, and made him the first recipient. The Award annually recognizes a writer of humorous fiction for children or young adults. He told his own tale in The Abracadabra Kid: A Writer's Life (1996).
Fleischman was born Avron Zalmon Fleischman in Brooklyn, New York in 1920. His parents were of Russian Jewish extraction and moved the family to San Diego, California when Fleischman was two years old. As a youngster, he beheld his first stage magic performance, launching a lifelong fascination, that would find a place in many of unclassical books of his. He learned magic from books and the local fraternity of magicians, inventing new tricks along the way. He began performing professionally while still in high school, touring California with his friend Buddy Ryan, performing in nightclubs, and traveling the country with the Francisco Spook Show during the last days. He settled in Santa Monica, CA.
Works for adults and the screen
At 19, Fleischman published his first book, Between Cocktails, a collection of magic tricks using paper matches. His college career at San Diego State College was interrupted by World War II, during which he served on a destroyer escort in the Pacific. After the war, he tried his hand at fiction for the first time, publishing his first novel, a mystery entitled The Straw Donkey Case. After graduating with a degree in English, he worked as a reporter for the short lived newspaper The San Diego Daily Journal, covering everything from crime scenes to the political beat. Drawing on his reporting experiences, his knowledge of magic, and his tour of the Pacific, he produced a series of novels of intrigue and adventure over the next 15 years, many set in the Far East. After decades out of print, several have been lately reprinted in two-books-in-one format by Stark House Press.
When Blood Alley caught the eye of director William Wellman, he hired Fleischman to adapt it to the screen. This both led to a move to Santa Monica, California, where Fleischman lived the rest of his life, and began a decades-long involvement with Hollywood. After Blood Alley was filmed, starring John Wayne and Lauren Bacall, Wellman used Fleischman on several other projects, including Lafayette Escadrille, based on Wellman's own experiences as a World War I pilot. Fleischman adapted his own novel Yellowleg for the screen, released as The Deadly Companions, the director Sam Peckinpah's first feature. Fleischman later worked on several projects with Kirk Douglas, including Scalawag. For children, he wrote teleplays for "The Bloodhound Gang" segments of the educational 3–2–1 Contact series, as well as the screenplay of The Whipping Boy (released as Prince Brat and the Whipping Boy).
Books for children
Using his three children as an audience for the first time, Fleischman wrote Mr. Mysterious & Company (1962), the adventures of a traveling magician's family in the old West. It was the first of many books drawing on his background in magic and his interest in history. By the Great Horn Spoon! mined the California Gold Rush and was turned into the movie Bullwhip Griffin. The Ghost in the Noonday Sun, Chancy and the Grand Rascal, Jingo Django, and Humbug Mountain (1965 to 1978) spun fiction from the facts of East Coast pirates, Ohio River rafting, American Gypsies, and traveling printers. His series of books about Josh McBroom and family (1966 to 1982 or later) made use of American tall tales. Later works looked farther afield, from England (The Whipping Boy) to Asia (The White Elephant) to Mexico (The Dream Stealer). Finding nonfiction to his liking after completing his autobiography The Abracadabra Kid: A Writer's Life (1996), Fleischman went on to produce biographies of Harry Houdini, Mark Twain, and Charlie Chaplin.
Fleischman and his wife Betty, who died in 1993, had three children. His son Paul Fleischman followed him into the world of children's books. Sid and Paul Fleischman are the only parent and child who have both won the Newbery Medal, the venerable American Library Association award that annually recognizes the "most distinguished contribution to American literature for children".
Fleischman maintained an interest in magic all his life, hosting monthly meetings of Los Angeles magicians at his home, publishing occasional articles in magic journals, and summing up what he had learned in The Charlatan's Handbook (1993). For young magicians, he wrote Mr. Mysterious's Secrets of Magic (1975).
Fleischman's other interests included gardening, astronomy, hand-printing, radio, and classical guitar.
Fiction for children or young adults
‡ For children and young adults.
Fiction for adults
Books on magic
‡ For children and young adults.
- From 1968 to 1975, five books by Fleischman made the Deutscher Jugendliteraturpreis Children's Book shortlist in their first German-language editions. Those were his first four children's fiction books, all translated by Sybil Gräfin Schönfeldt—in German sequence, Mr. Mysterious & Company, By the Great Horn Spoon!, Chancy and the Grand Rascal, The Ghost in the Noonday Sun—and McBroom's Wonderful One-Acre Farm illustrated by Quentin Blake, the British omnibus edition of three early McBroom books.
- McBroom's Wonderful One-Acre Farm (Chatto & Windus, 1972) was the U.K. edition of three early McBroom books, illustrated by Quentin Blake, later published in the U.S. (1992). Source: jrank.
- Here Comes McBroom (Chatto & Windus, 1976) was the U.K. edition of three early McBroom books, illustrated by Quentin Blake, later published in the U.S. (1992). Source: jrank.
- "Newbery Medal and Honor Books, 1922–Present". Association for Library Service to Children (ALSC). American Library Association (ALA).
"The John Newbery Medal". ALSC. ALA. Retrieved 2013-07-17.
- "Boston Globe–Horn Book Awards Winners and Honor Books 1967 to present". The Horn Book. Retrieved 2013-07-17.
- "Candidates for the Hans Christian Andersen Awards 1956–2002". The Hans Christian Andersen Awards, 1956–2002. IBBY. Gyldendal. 2002. Pages 110–18. Hosted by Austrian Literature Online (literature.at). Retrieved 2013-07-17.
- "Sid Fleischman Award". Society of Children's Book Writers and Illustrators. Retrieved 17 May 2011.
- Fleischman, Sid (1998). The Abracadabra Kid: A Writer's Life.
- McLellan, Dennis (March 21, 2010). "Sid Fleischman dies at 90; Newbery Medal-winning children's writer". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved June 4, 2010.
- List of San Diego newspapers: The San Diego Daily Journal 1944–1947, 1950
- Eisloeffel, Paul J. "The Cold War and Harry Steinmetz: A Case of Loyalty and Legislation", SanDiegoHistory.org. "The liberal San Diego Daily Journal's circulation was small and its life-span short (1944–50) compared to the area's major daily, the conservative San Diego Union."
- Fox, Margalit (24 March 2010). "Sid Fleischman, Children’s Author, Dies at 90 he wote over 60 books for adults and children". The New York Times. Retrieved 18 May 2011.
- "A.S. Fleischman". Stark House Press. Retrieved 18 May 2011.
- "Albert Sidney Fleischman". IMDB.
- Fox, Margalit (24 March 2010). "Sid Fleischman, Children’s Author, Dies at 90". The New York Times. Retrieved 18 May 2011.
- "Sid Fleischman". HarperCollins Publishers. Retrieved 18 May 2011.
- "Biography". Sid Fleischman. Retrieved 18 May 2011.
- "Timeline", Jeri Freedman, Sid Fleischman, The Rosen Publishing Group, 2004, pp. 73–76. Retrieved 2012-08-15 from Google books. .
- (Sid Fleischman, all listings). Datenbanksuche (database search). Deutscher Jugendliteraturpreis. Arbeitskreis für Jugendliteratur (jugendliteratur.org). Retrieved 2013-07-17. For general information select "Infos zum Preis" or "English key facts".
- "(Albert) Sid(ney) (Carl March Fleischman Max Brindle) (1920– ) ...". biography.jrank.org. Retrieved 2012-08-15.
- Sid Fleischman at Library of Congress Authorities —with 70 catalog records
- Fleischman at Random House Canada website
- Sid Fleischman, Clearinghouse on Reading, English, and Communication at the Indiana University School of Education
- Sid Fleischman Honored by SDSU, Santa Monica Mirror, Mar 17–23, 2004
- Sid Fleischman's official website
- Sid Fleischman's obituary
- Sid Fleischman's Biography
- Sid Fleischman at the Internet Movie Database