Siddharameshwar Maharaj

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Shri Siddharameshwar Maharaj

Sri Siddharameshwar Maharaj (Marathi:श्री सिद्धरामेश्वर महाराज; Kannada: ಶ್ರೀ ಸಿದ್ಧರಾಮೇಶ್ವರ ಮಹಾರಾಜ್) (1888–1936) [1] was one of the head gurus of the Inchegeri Sampradaya founded by his guru Shri Bhausaheb Maharaj,[2] which is a branch of the Navnath Sampradaya,[3] the 'Nine Masters' tradition in India.[4][5] He is most well known as being the Guru of Nath teachers Sri Nisargadatta Maharaj, Sri Ranjit Maharaj, and Sri Kadsiddheshwar Maharaj.

Biography[edit]

Sri Samartha Sadguru Siddharameshwar Maharaj was born in 1888 in the village Pathri, Solapur, India. Since his childhood he was very intelligent and had very sharp imbibe abilities. In 1906[6] he was initiated by his guru 'Shri Bhausaheb Maharaj' in Inchegeri in Karnataka India, whose goal was to educate people on "Final Reality" or "The Eternal Truth". He was one of the contemporaries of Sri Ramana Maharshi.

Sri Samartha Sadguru Siddharameshwar Maharaj was a Jnani himself who had attained the highest abode of eternal peace. He propagated the Advaita Vedanta philosophy of Adiguru Shankaracharya with firm belief in the real truth of 'Aham Bramhasmi, He was master of meditation and spent time understanding nature and eternal reality in Bhagavadi, and Inchegeri with his Guru Sri Samartha Sadguru Bhausaheb Maharaj and then in Sholapur and Basvana Bagevadi after Bhausaheb Maharaj passed over. He began spreading the teachings to his disciples in Basvana Bagevadi, Sholapur and Mumbai in the 1930s.

Siddharameshwar Maharaj died on November 9, 1936 (Ekadashi in the later half Ashwin), at the age of 48, giving his understanding to his disciples. It is said that dozens of his disciples became self-realized through his clear and lucid teaching. His samadhi shrine today is located at Banganga, Walkeshwar in Mumbai.[7]

Teachings[edit]

Atma Vidya (Self-Knowledge") is the central theme in Siddharameshwar Maharaj's teachings. In Master Key to Self-Realization[8] describes how the teaching of Vedanta is transmitted to a student. It starts with the meeting with a guru, who tells about the teachings. Thereafter a mantra is being used by the student to meditate and make the mind more receptible. Then the guru explains the teaching further, which has to be realized experientially by the student.[9]

The student has to turn away his mind from external objects and the gross body, and "turn within".[10] By realizing that objects have only a temporary appearance, it becomes possible to develop detachment[11] and to clear one's mental attitude from pride.[12] This is a ncessary step to develop Self-Knowledge, and the renunciation of the impermanent, and the acceptance of the permanent.[13]

To realize this Self-Knowledge, an investigation of the four bodies has to be made to discover whence the notion of "I" comes. According to the Vedanta doctrine of Sarira, or the "Three Bodies Doctrine", the human being is composed of three sariras, or five koshas ("bodies"):

  1. Sthula sarira, the Gross body, also called the Annamaya Kosha[14]
  2. Suksma sarira, the Subtle body, composed of:
    1. Pranamaya Kosha (Vital breath or Energy),
    2. Manomaya Kosha (Mind)
    3. Vijnanamaya Kosha (Intellect)[14]
  3. Karana sarira, the Causal body, the Anandamaya Kosha (Bliss)[14]

Siddharameshwar Maharaj discerns four bodies:

  1. The Physical Gross Body
  2. The Subtle body:
    1. the Five Senses of Action (hands, feet, mouth, genitals, and anus)
    2. the Five Senses of Knowledge (eyes, ears, nose, tongue, and skin)
    3. the Five Pranas or vital breaths (vyana vayu, samana vayu, udana vayu, apana vaya, prana vayu)
    4. the Mind (manas)
    5. The Intellect (Buddhi)
  3. The Causal Body, characterized by "emptiness", "ignorance" and "darkness"[15][note 1]
  4. The Great-Causal Body,[16] the knowldege of "I am" that cannot be described,[17] the state before Ignorance and Knowledge, or Turiya state[16]

By subsequently identifying with the three lower bodies, investigating them, and discarding identification with them when it has become clear that they are not the "I", the sense of "I am" beyond knowledge and Ignorance becomes clearly established.[18]

Lineage[edit]

Enlightened Disciples[edit]

Siddharameshwar maharaj's preachings were further spread around the globe by his most revered disciples:

  • Sri Ranjit Maharaj (1913–2000) was with Sri Siddharameshwar Maharaj for 12 years from the young age of 12 until the age of 24[19]
  • Sri Nisargadatta Maharaj (1897–1981) was with him for a two and a half years, 1933-1936.[20]
  • Shri Muppin Kaadsiddheshwar Maharaj met his Guru Shri Siddharameshwar Maharaj in 1935 and was with him for a period of about 2 years.
  • Sri Ganapatrao Maharaj Kannur (1909 - 2004) was with him for 13 years.
  • Shri Vilasanand Maharaj (1909 - 1993).
  • Shri Ranachhodray Maharaj, Baitkhol Karwar.

Inchegiri Sampradaya[edit]

Main article: Inchegeri Sampradaya

The Inchegiri Sampradaya is as follows:

Rishi Dattatreya, mythological deity-founder.[21][22][23]
Navnath, the nine founders of the Nath Sampradaya[22][23], also known as as Kada Siddha[24]
Gahininath[25], the 5th Navnath[23] Revananath, the 7th[23] or 8th[22] Navnath
Nivruttinath, Dnyaneshwar's brother[25]
Dnyaneshwar[26] (1275–1296)
also known as Sant Jñāneshwar or Jñanadeva[26]
and as Kadasiddha[23] or Kad-Siddheshwar Maharaj[22]
Kaneri Math, Lingayat Parampara[27] / Kaadasiddheshwar Parampara[28]

Kadasiddha[23], or "Almighty "Kadsiddeshwar" who appeared as a vision to Sri Gurulingajangam Maharaj"[6] or the 22nd Shri Samarth Muppin Kaadsiddheswar Maharaj[citation needed]

1 Nimbargi Maharaj (1789-1875)
also known as Guru Lingam-Jangam Maharaj [22][29][23]
23rd Shri Samarth Muppin Kaadsiddheswar Maharaj[citation needed]
2 Shri Bhausaheb Maharaj Umdikar[22][30] (1843 Umdi - 1914 Inchgiri[31]) 24th Shri Samarth Muppin Kaadsiddheswar Maharaj[citation needed]
3 H.H. Shri Amburao Maharaj of Jigjivani

(1857 Jigajevani - 1933 Inchgiri)[32][23]

H.H. Shri Gurudev Ranade of Nimbal[32][33][23][34] Girimalleshwar Maharaj[23] Sri Siddharameshwar Maharaj (1875-1936)[22][23] 25th Shri Samarth Muppin Kaadsiddheswar Maharaj[citation needed]
4 H.H Shri Gurudev Chandra Bhanu Pathak[35] Shri. Aujekar Laxman Maharaj[36] Madhavananda Prabhuji
(d. 25th May, 1980)[37]
Sri Nisargadatta Maharaj (1897–1981)[22]

Sri Ranjit Maharaj (1913–2000)[22][38]

Sri Ganapatrao Maharaj Kannur (1909 - 2004)[30]

Shri Vilasanand Maharaj (1909–1993)

Shri Ranachhodray Maharaj, Baitkhol Karwar.

26th Shri Muppin Kaadsiddheshwar Maharaj

Student of Sri Siddharameshwar Maharaj

5 Shri. Nagnath Alli Maharaj[36]

No lineage-holders, but mentioned as a person who really understood Nisargadatta's message:

H. H. Jagadguru Ramanandacharya Shree Swami Narendracharyaji Maharaj[40][41]

Books[edit]

There are currently Four published books in English and Two books written in Marathi language containing the recorded teachings of Shri Siddharameshwar Maharaj. Of these, one of the books, a small text entitled Golden Day is the only book written by Shri Siddharameshwar Maharaj himself. The most well known book in India containing his teachings is called Adhyatma Jnanachi Gurukilli which was published by Shri Ganapatrao Maharaj of Kannur (a brother disciple of Shri Ranjit Maharaj and Shri Nisargadatta Maharaj). This book was originally written as it was being spoken in the Marathi language by Shri Dattatray Dharmayya Poredi, a distinguished disciple of Shri Siddharameshwar Maharaj. The English translation of this book is entitled "Master Key to Self-Realization"

The book "Master Key to Self-Realization" presents the core foundation of the teaching of Siddharameshwar Maharaj in a methodical step-by-step manner which is representative of the way in which the teaching of this great Sampradaya is traditionally presented by the Sadguru. Upon humble request from several of his disciples, Maharaj narrated the simplified instruction for Self-Realization for the benefit of aspirants which was written down by Mr. Poredi as it was being spoken. Upon completion, he received confirmation of its correctness from Maharaj as well as a pat on the back for a job well done.[42]

Two books, 'Adhyatmadnyanacha Yogeshwar' Vol I & II, comprise the 130 talks of 'Sri Siddharameshwar Maharaj', were transcribed, edited and published by Nisargadatta Maharaj in 1961-1962 in Marathi language, who also wrote the preface to the book. The books were later translated in English, and printed under the title "Master of Self-Realization: An Ultimate Understanding".[43]

Many years later, Shri Ranjit Maharaj received verbal permission from his co-disciple, Shri Ganapatrao Maharaj to have the text translated into English. Ranjit Maharaj entrusted the translation responsibilities to Dr. Mrs. Damyanti Dungaji. The completed English translation was then proofread and subsequently published by Ranjit Maharaj under the name "Master Key to Self-Realization"(Published by Shri Siddharameshwar Adhyatma Kendra, Mumbai). When all of the copies of that original English text were sold, the text was incorporated into another book of Siddharameshwar Maharaj's talks entitled "Amrut Laya" (Published by Shri Siddharameshwar Adhyatma Kendra, Mumbai). More recently this has been included in the book named "Master of Self-Realization written by Shri Nisargadatta Maharaj." (Published by Shri Sadguru Trust, Mumbai India)

Two books, 'Adhyatmadnyanacha Yogeshwar' Vol I & II, comprise the 130 talks of 'Sri Siddharameshwar Maharaj', were transcribed, edited and published by Nisargadatta Maharaj in 1961-1962 in Marathi language, who also wrote the preface to the book. The books were later translated in English, as "Master of Self-Realization: An Ultimate Understanding (D.A. Ghaisas, Tr.), Mumbai: Sri Sadguru Trust, Mumbai-57, 2006.

In addition to this, there are currently two other books available which are a compilation of several of his disciples handwritten notes and are called, "Amrut Laya: The Stateless State" and "Amrut Laya Volume II," as well as another small book entitled "Golden Day" which was written by Shri Siddharameshwar Maharaj, and is a basic introduction to his teachings. The book "Master Key to Self-Realization" which was also written by Shri Siddharameshwar is included within the covers of "Master of Self-Realization" and "Amrut Laya: The Stateless State" and presents the core foundation of the teaching of Siddharameshwar Maharaj in a methodical step-by-step manner which is representative of the way in which the teaching of this great Sampradaya is traditionally presented by the Sadguru.

Quotes of Siddharameshwar Maharaj[edit]

  • "As is your concept, so will you see." [44] - Dasbodh: Chapter 12, Subchapter 8, Verse 1
  • "If you go beyond the source you will find that there exists nothing".
  • "Spiritual science is the science where self is considered to first and foremost".
  • "Mind is a collection of determinants and doubts".

Works[edit]

  • 'Adhyatma Dnyanacha Yogeshwar' (Vol I & II) written by Nisargadatta Maharaj. 130 talks of Siddharameshwar Maharaj (Marathi), November, 1961.
  • Master of Self Realization, An English translation of Adhyatma Dnyanacha Yogeshwar written by Nisargadatta Maharaj, a collection of 130 Talks by Siddharameshwar Maharaj, which also includes a newly revised edition of "Master Key to Self-Realization" which was written by Shri Siddharameshwar Maharaj himself.
  • Amrut Laya I, Includes "Master Key to Self-Realization" & talks by Shri Siddharameshwar Maharaj on the spiritual classic "Dasbodh" of Samartha Ramdas.
  • Amrut Laya II, talks by Shri Siddharameshwar Maharaj to his disciples, 1930s
  • Golden Day, an Introduction to the teachings of Shri Siddharameshwar Maharaj
  • Master Key to Self Realization, Siddharameshwar Maharaj

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Compare kenosis and Juan de la Cross' Dark Night of the Soul.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Nisargadatta Maharaj Biography enlightened-spirituality.org
  2. ^ Mysticism In Maharashtra; (R D Ranade), ISBN 8120805755. Year Of Publication : 1982
  3. ^ Siddharameshwar Maharaj photograph at realization.org
  4. ^ Navnath Sampradaya
  5. ^ Mysticism In Maharashtra Indian Mysticism; (R D Ranade), PBISBN : 8121510945,Year Of Publication : 2003
  6. ^ a b Sadguru Shri Ranjit Maharaj, History
  7. ^ Meet the Sage
  8. ^ Siddharameshwar Maharaj 2009.
  9. ^ Siddharameshwar Maharaj 2009, p. 1-2.
  10. ^ Siddharameshwar Maharaj 2009, p. 5.
  11. ^ Siddharameshwar Maharaj & 2009 10.
  12. ^ Siddharameshwar Maharaj & 2009 11.
  13. ^ Siddharameshwar Maharaj & 2009 12.
  14. ^ a b c J.Jagadeesan. The Fourth Dimension. Sai Towers Publishing. p. 13. ISBN 9788178990927. 
  15. ^ Siddharameshwar Maharaj & 2009 31-32.
  16. ^ a b Siddharameshwar Maharaj & 2009 32.
  17. ^ Siddharameshwar Maharaj & 2009 33.
  18. ^ Siddharameshwar Maharaj & 2009 34-58.
  19. ^ Sri Ranjit Maharaj
  20. ^ Prior to Consciousness, pp. 1-2, April 4, 1980
  21. ^ nisargadatta.org, Navnath Sampradaya
  22. ^ a b c d e f g h i Boucher year unknown.
  23. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k Frydman 1987.
  24. ^ Gurudev R.D. Ranade, Kada Siddha
  25. ^ a b V. V. Shirvaikar, A brief biography of saint Dnyaneshwar (Jnanadeva)
  26. ^ a b Advaita Vision, Navnath Sampradaya. Disciples of Nisargadatta Maharaj
  27. ^ Mazad Sad Guru, Biography
  28. ^ mazasadguru.com, The Kaadsiddheshwar Parampara
  29. ^ Gurudev R.D. Ranade, Sadguru Shri Guruling Jangam Maharaj
  30. ^ a b ShantiKuteer Ashram, Bhausaheb Maharaj
  31. ^ Gurudev R.D. Ranade, Sadguru Shri Bhausaheb Maharaj Umdikar
  32. ^ a b Gurudev R.D. Ranade, Sadguru Shri Amburao Maharaj
  33. ^ Gurudev R.D. Ranade, Shri Gurudev R. D. Ranade
  34. ^ Bridge-India, Shri Gurudev R.D. Ranade
  35. ^ Sri Ranjit Maharaj profile
  36. ^ a b Shri S.S. Nagnath Alli Maharaj Sansthan, About us
  37. ^ Gurus Feet, Madhavananda Prabhuji
  38. ^ See also Sadguru.com, Shri Ranjit Maharaj and inner-quest.org, "Final Reality has no beginning and no end."
  39. ^ a b David Godman, Remembering Nisargadatta Maharaj pt.1
  40. ^ Montreal Marathi Mandal, H. H. Jagadguru Ramanandacharya Shree Swami Narendracharyaji Maharaj's Montreal Visit
  41. ^ A brief biography of Jagadguru Ramanandacharya Sri Swami Narendracharyaji Maharaj
  42. ^ -From the Preface of the Marathi Book "Adhyatma Jnanachi Gurukilli"
  43. ^ (D.A. Ghaisas, Tr.), Mumbai: Sri Sadguru Trust, Mumbai-57, 2006.Book by Sri Siddharameshwar Maharaj
  44. ^ Teachings of Sri Siddharameshwar Maharaj

Sources[edit]

External links[edit]