Siddhartha Mukherjee

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Siddhartha Mukherjee
সিদ্ধার্থ মুখার্জী
Dr. Siddhartha Mukherjee 2011.jpg
Mukherjee in April 2011
Native name সিদ্ধার্থ মুখার্জী
Born 1970 (age 43–44)
New Delhi, India
Nationality American, Indian
Ethnicity Bengali
Education MD, DPhil
Alma mater Stanford University
Magdalen College, Oxford
Harvard Medical School
Occupation Oncologist, writer
Notable work(s) The Emperor of All Maladies: A Biography of Cancer
Religion Hinduism
Awards Pulitzer Prize for General Nonfiction (2011)

Siddhartha Mukherjee (Bengali: সিদ্ধার্থ মুখার্জী; born 1970) is an Indian-born American physician, scientist and writer best known for the 2010 book, The Emperor of All Maladies: A Biography of Cancer. For that work he won a Pulitzer Prize[1] and an award from The Guardian. It was named one of the 100 most influential books written in English since 1923 by TIME[2] and one of the 100 notable books of 2010 by The New York Times Magazine.[3]

Currently he is an assistant professor of medicine at Columbia University and staff physician at Columbia University Medical Center in New York City. He has been the Plummer Visiting Professor at the Mayo Clinic in Rochester, the Joseph Garland lecturer at the Massachusetts Medical Society and an honorary visiting professor at Johns Hopkins School of Medicine.

A hematologist and oncologist, Mukherjee is also known for his work on the formation of blood and the interactions between the micro-environment (or "niche") and cancer cells. Recently Government of India has conferred its fourth highest Civilian Award Padma Shri upon Mukherjee.[4]

Early life and education[edit]

Siddhartha Mukherjee was born in New Delhi, India to Sibeswar Mukherjee, an executive with Mitsubishi, and Chandana Mukherjee, a former schoolteacher from Kolkata. He attended St. Columba's School in Delhi where he won the school's highest award the 'Sword of Honour' in 1988. As a biology major at Stanford University, he worked in Nobel Laureate Paul Berg's laboratory defining cellular genes that change the behaviours of cancer cells.

Mukherjee then won a Rhodes Scholarship to Oxford University, where he earned a D.Phil. in immunology from Magdalen College, Oxford. After graduation, he attended Harvard Medical School (HST) where he earned an M.D. His postgraduate years consisted of a residency in internal medicine followed by an oncology fellowship at Massachusetts General Hospital.[5]

Career[edit]

Mukherjee is currently serving as assistant professor of medicine at the Department of Medicine (Oncology) of Columbia University in New York City.[6] He is also a staff cancer physician at Columbia University Medical Center.[7]

In 2010, Simon & Schuster published his book, The Emperor of All Maladies: A Biography of Cancer,[8] detailing the evolution of diagnosis and treatment of human cancers from ancient Egypt to the latest developments in chemotherapy and targeted therapy.[9] The Oprah magazine listed it in its "Top 10 Books of 2010".[10] It was also listed in "The 10 Best Books of 2010" by The New York Times[11] and the "Top 10 Nonfiction Books" by Time.[12]

In 2011 The Emperor of All Maladies: A Biography of Cancer was nominated as a National Book Critics Circle Award finalist. On 18 April it won the annual Pulitzer Prize for General Nonfiction; the citation called it "an elegant inquiry, at once clinical and personal, into the long history of an insidious disease that, despite treatment breakthroughs, still bedevils medical science."[1] Mukherjee also received the PEN/E. O. Wilson Literary Science Writing Award in 2011. TIME also nominated Mukherjee to its "100 most influential people" list[13] and named his book one of the 100 best non-fiction books since 1923.[2]

A hematologist and oncologist by training, Mukherjee's scientific work addresses the links between normal stem cells and cancer cells. Mukherjee's lab has performed investigations on the microenvironment—or niche—of stem cells, focusing particularly on blood-forming stem cells. Blood-forming stem cells (called hematopoietic stem cells or HSCs) reside in the bone marrow in very specific microenvironments. Osteoblasts, or bone-forming cells, comprise an important element of this niche, and they regulate the physiology of HSCs, by providing HSCs with signals to divide, remain quiescent, or maintain their stem cell properties. Mukherjee's scientific work has been recognised through many NIH and private foundation grants, including the prestigious NIH "Challenge Grant" awarded to pioneering researchers in 2009.

In work performed with collaborators in the 1990s and 2000s, Mukherjee's lab identified genes and chemicals that can alter the microenvironment, or niche, and thereby alter the behaviour of normal stem cells, as well as cancer cells. Two such chemicals studied in the lab – proteasome inhibitors and Activin A inhibitors—are currently in clinical trials with novel therapeutic uses as defined by these studies. The lab has also identified novel genetic mutations in myelodysplasia and acute myelogenous leukaemia and has played a leading role in finding therapies for these diseases in the clinical setting. Mukherjee's lab is based at Columbia University's Herbert Irving Comprehensive Cancer Center. Previously, he was affiliated with the Harvard Stem Cell Institute and with Massachusetts General Hospital in Boston.

Mukherjee has published widely in scientific journals, including papers in Nature, Neuron, the Journal of Clinical Investigation, The New England Journal of Medicine and others.

Personal life[edit]

Mukherjee lives in New York and is married to artist Sarah Sze, winner of a MacArthur "Genius" grant and chosen as the US representative at the 2013 Venice Biennale. They have two daughters, Leela and Aria.[14][15]

Awards and honours[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "The 2011 Pulitzer Prize Winners: General Nonfiction". The Pulitzer Prizes. Retrieved 12 November 2013. With lengthy publisher description of the book and short biographical blurb.
  2. ^ a b c "All-TIME 100 Nonfiction Books". Time. 17 August 2011. Retrieved 28 September 2014. 
  3. ^ a b New York Times Sunday Book Review Editorial Staff (24 November 2010). "100 Notable Books of 2010". New York Times Magazine. Retrieved 28 September 2014. 
  4. ^ a b "Indo-American Siddhartha Mukherjee calls Padma Shri a great Honor". IANS. Biharprabha News. Retrieved 27 January 2014. 
  5. ^ Levin, Ann. "Cancer's Biographer". The Record (Columbia University). Retrieved 6 September 2011. 
  6. ^ McGrath, Charles (8 November 2010). "How Cancer Acquired Its Own Biographer". The New York Times. Retrieved 6 September 2011. 
  7. ^ Okie, Susan (28 November 2010). "Review: "The Emperor of All Maladies: A Biography of Cancer," by Siddhartha Mukherjee". Denver Post. Retrieved 6 September 2011. 
  8. ^ Mukherjee, Siddhartha (16 November 2010). The Emperor of All Maladies: A Biography of Cancer. Simon and Schuster. ISBN 978-1-4391-0795-9. Retrieved 6 September 2011. 
  9. ^ Roy, Amit (10 November 2009). "Chronicler of cancer, emperor of maladies". The Telegraph – Calcutta (Kolkata). Retrieved 6 September 2011. 
  10. ^ Sehgal, Parul. "The Emperor of All Maladies (Book Review)". Oprah.com. Retrieved 6 September 2011. 
  11. ^ "The 10 Best Books of 2010". The New York Times. 1 December 2010. Retrieved 6 September 2011. 
  12. ^ "The Top 10 Everything of 2010". Time. 9 December 2010. Retrieved 6 September 2011. 
  13. ^ "The 2011 TIME 100 Poll Results". Time. n.d. Retrieved 28 September 2014. 
  14. ^ "An Oncologist Writes 'A Biography of Cancer'". NPR. 17 November 2010. Retrieved 6 September 2011. 
  15. ^ Shapin, Steven (8 November 2010). "Cancer World: The Making of a Modern Disease". The New Yorker. Retrieved 6 September 2011. 
  16. ^ Los Angeles Times Book Review Editorial Staff (2011). "2010 Los Angeles Times Book Prizes Winners & Finalists". Los Angles Times Festival of Books. Retrieved 28 September 2014. 
  17. ^ Joanna Bourke (10 October 2011). "2011 Wellcome Trust Book Prize shortlist". The Lancet. Retrieved 30 September 2012. 
  18. ^ "Padma Awards Announced". Press Information Bureau, Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India. 25 January 2014. Archived from the original on 8 February 2014. Retrieved 26 January 2014. 

External links[edit]