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This article is on the Nepali town. For the district in Uttar Pradesh, see Siddharthnagar District.

Siddhārthanagar Nagarpalika (Bhairahawā)
सिद्धार्थनगर नगरपालिक (भैरहवा)
Municipality and District Administrative Center
View of Lumbini Gate in Bhairahawa
View of Lumbini Gate in Bhairahawa
Siddhārthanagar Nagarpalika (Bhairahawā) is located in Nepal
Siddhārthanagar Nagarpalika (Bhairahawā)
Siddhārthanagar Nagarpalika (Bhairahawā)
Location in Nepal
Coordinates: 27°30′N 83°27′E / 27.500°N 83.450°E / 27.500; 83.450Coordinates: 27°30′N 83°27′E / 27.500°N 83.450°E / 27.500; 83.450
Country    Nepal
Development Region Western
Zone Lumbini Zone
District Rupandehi District
Municipality Siddharthanagar
Population (2011)
 • Total 63,483
Time zone Nepal Time (UTC+5:45)
Postal code 32900
Area code(s) 071

Siddharthanagar (formerly called Bhairahawa) is a municipality near the Indian border on the Outer Terai plains of Nepal, 265 km (165 mi) west of Kathmandu Nepal's capital. Siddharthanagar is the administrative headquarter of Rupandehi District. It is also known as "Gateway of Lumbini". Lumbini, the birthplace of Gautama Buddha is 25 km away to the west of Siddharthanagar.


Bhairahawa was derived from the deity Bhairava a manifestation of Shiva. Siddharthanagar comes from The Buddha's given name Siddhartha. Buddha was born near this city. Hence, the name Siddhartanagar was given by Komal Dutta Tiwari.


Winter temperatures in range from 9 to 23 °C (48 to 73 °F). Up to 40 °C (104 °F) in summer. Monsoon rains usually begin in June and end in September.

Places of interest[edit]

  • Lumbini Garden around Lord Buddha's birthplace with numerous monasteries representing different nations. Approximately 22 klometers from Siddharthanagar.
  • Devadaha, an archeological site 15 km northeast near Khairhani village. The site is associated with the Koliyas, tribe of Lord Buddha's mother and one of eight tribes receiving corporeal relics after his death at Kushinagar.
  • Ramagrama stupa 20 kilometers east of Siddharthanagar and 4 km south of Parasi in Nawalparasi District. Remains of stupa and monastery on banks of Jahari River near Kerwani village. The stupa mound is approximately 10 meters (30 ft) high and 20 metere (70 ft) diameter. Some suggest this was the center of the Koliya Kingdom.
  • Kapilvastu was the kingdom of the Shakyas, Buddha's (paternal) royal family. The administrative center of modern Kapilvastu District at Taulihawa is 40 kilometers west of Siddharthanagar or 18 kilometers beyond Lumbini. Many archaeological sites are within 10 km of Taulihawa. Local roads are in good condition.
  • Tribeni Ghat on the Narayani River (known as Gandak in India) is an auspicious site for bathing. It attracts hundred thousands of pilgrims on Maghe Sankranti (Hindi: Makar Sankranti, approximately 15 January).
  • Valmiki Ashram near Tribeni Ghat, believed to be the place where Prince Siddhartha got down from his horse Kantaka and strode off on foot and into the jungles in his search for answers.
  • Chitwan National Park east of the Narayani River, a preserve larger than 900 km2 protecting some 700 native animal species—including gaur, tiger, rhioceros, gharial and crocodile—and flora native to the Terai-Duar savanna and grasslands.


The population of Siddarthanagar in 2001 was 52,569.;[1] according to the census 2011 it was 163,483.Awadhi and Bhojpuri is the language spoken by local native inhabitants.Nepali is the national language, natively spoken by substantial numbers of who have moved down from the hill districts.The rate of immigration is increasing every year.


Siddharthnagar is a major trading city of Nepal.

There is a Custom Check Point 5km south near Indian border for the goods transport between India and Nepal.

Around Siddharthanagar, there are several small scale industries and large scale industry. The major industries are:

  • Agni Cement Factory
  • Jagadamba Cement factory
  • Reliance Paper Mill
  • Reliance Steels
  • Goenka cement factory
  • Noodles and Biscuit factory.

Bhairahawa Special Economic Zone was proposed to increase trade between Nepal and India. This facility is under construction.


Airport: Gautam Buddha Airport; 3 kilometers from the center—has daily flights to Kathmandu.

Railway: There is no railway in this city. However, there is a narrow gauge branch of Indian Railways from Gorakhpur approaches the international border at Nautanwa, but passenger trains are not regular on this line. The alternative of taxi travel from the border crossing at Sunauli to Gorakhpur takes about two hours. From Sunauli, Siddharthanagar is only 3.5 kilometers. Total travel time is 12 – 18 hours from Dehli and 10 – 12 hours from Kolkata (Calcutta).

Highway: Siddhartha Highway extends south to the Indian border at Sunauli and north through Butwal then into the hills through Tansen to Pokhara. In Butwal, this highway connects with the East-West Mahendra Rajmarg across the full expanse of the Nepalese Terai. There is regular long-distance bus and truck service to Kathmandu, Biratnagar, Birganj, Nepalganj, Pokhara and other cities in Nepal; also to Dehli, India via Gorakhpur and Sunauli taking 24–30 hours.

Local Transport: Transportation options around the city and into surrounding areas include bus, minibus, unmetered taxicab and cycle rickshaw. There is regular bus service to Lumibini, Birthplace of Lord Buddha which lies in southern part of Siddharthanagar.

Immigration office: Border Crossing - Nepal has an open border where movement of Indian and Nepalese nationals concerned. There is a customs checkpoint for goods and third country nationals.

Non-profit organisations[edit]

There are several NGO's are working in Bhairahawa, Samriddhi Foundation is one which is working in Education and Health sector.


Siddharthanagar has two FM radio station Rupandehi FM - 102 MHz, a Community radio Station and Siddhartha FM -98.8 MHz .


Hindus are in the majority, with a significant minority of Muslims and Buddhists associated with sites commemorating Gautama Buddha's life and relics.There is Diversity in the Culture as all group of People from several part of Country live .Awadhi and Bhojpuri Culture is at peak .


Awadhi cuisine is quite famous in this region.Street Foods are a part of it.Sweets and Desserts are quite famous here.


  1. Bhim hospital (District Government Hospital) -Bank Road
  2. UCMS Hospital(Universal College of Medical Science Hospital)
  3. Bhairahawa hospital - naya sadak
  4. Lumbini Eye Institute


External links[edit]