Sidi Barrani

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Sidi Barrani
Sidi Barrani03.JPG
Sidi Barrani is located in Egypt
Sidi Barrani
Sidi Barrani
Location in Egypt
Coordinates: 31°36′39″N 25°55′32″E / 31.61083°N 25.92556°E / 31.61083; 25.92556Coordinates: 31°36′39″N 25°55′32″E / 31.61083°N 25.92556°E / 31.61083; 25.92556
Country  Egypt
Governorate Matruh
Population (2006)
 • Total 14,393
Time zone EST (UTC+2)

Sidi Barrani (Egyptian Arabic: سيدى برانى  pronounced [ˈsiːdi bɑɾˈɾɑːni]) is a town in Egypt, near the Mediterranean Sea, about 95 km (59 mi) east of the border with Libya, and around 240 km (150 mi) from Tobruk, Libya.

Named after Sidi es-Saadi el Barrani, a Senussi sheikh who was a head of its Zawiya,[1] the village is mainly a Bedouin community. It has food and gasoline outlets, and one small hotel, but has virtually no tourist activity or visited historical curiosities.

History[edit]

Located close to the Roman city of Zygra, in the Roman province of Libya Inferior, Sidi Barrani is often mentioned in historical records to mark the limit of the initial Italian invasion of Egypt from Libya. The Italian Tenth Army built a series of forts in the vicinity.

American Field Service volunteers, providing ambulance services and serving with the British 8th Army were based in the area, in June 1942, 30 miles east of Sidi Barrani.[citation needed]

Sidi Barrani was a destination during the total solar eclipse on October 3, 2005, as expeditions traveled to the best observation point, Zawiet Mahtallah, 27 km (17 mi) east of Sidi Barrani. [2]

Sidi Barrani is near the Mediterranean Sea (top left).

Climate[edit]

Köppen-Geiger climate classification system classifies its climate as hot desert (BWh), but it is part of the northern coast of Egypt which has moderated temperatures.

Climate data for Sidi Barrani
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 17.9
(64.2)
18.8
(65.8)
20.2
(68.4)
22.2
(72)
24.1
(75.4)
27
(81)
28.2
(82.8)
29
(84)
28.1
(82.6)
26.4
(79.5)
23.5
(74.3)
19.6
(67.3)
23.75
(74.77)
Daily mean °C (°F) 13.1
(55.6)
13.9
(57)
15.3
(59.5)
17.5
(63.5)
19.9
(67.8)
22.7
(72.9)
25
(77)
25.5
(77.9)
24.2
(75.6)
21.8
(71.2)
18.6
(65.5)
14.5
(58.1)
19.33
(66.8)
Average low °C (°F) 8.4
(47.1)
9
(48)
10.5
(50.9)
12.9
(55.2)
15.7
(60.3)
18.5
(65.3)
21.9
(71.4)
22.1
(71.8)
20.4
(68.7)
17.3
(63.1)
13.8
(56.8)
9.4
(48.9)
14.99
(58.96)
Precipitation mm (inches) 39
(1.54)
17
(0.67)
11
(0.43)
5
(0.2)
3
(0.12)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
1
(0.04)
18
(0.71)
21
(0.83)
33
(1.3)
148
(5.84)
Source: Climate-Data.org[3]

Notes[edit]

In Kurt Vonnegut's novel Bluebeard, Sidi Barrani is the site where Dan Gregory (a tormenting magazine illustrator and Nazi sympathizer) was killed on December 7, 1940 during the Battle of Sidi Barrani. The battle commenced until 10 December, in which 30,000 British troops defeated almost 80,000 Italian soldiers holding the town.

"Did I ever tell you about the time I was in Sidi Barrani?" was a catchphrase in the BBC radio comedy show "Much Binding in the Marsh" which ran from 1944 to 1954 and was initially about life on a mythical Royal Air Force (RAF) station.

Spike Milligan was, according to his memoirs, posted to Sidi Barrani during the Second World War.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Souar men Beladi magazine, no. 2, Souar men tharikh at Tariqa as Sanusiya, Maktab as Seraj li Di'aya wal I'lan, p. 39.
  2. ^ "Valoria La Buena annular eclipse expedition Oct. 3, 2005" (report), Solar Physics Group, Astrophysics Lab, University of Rome, January 10, 2007, webpage (mostly Italian): ICRA-solar: mentions the Sidi Barrani observation area.
  3. ^ "Climate: Sidi al Barrani - Climate graph, Temperature graph, Climate table". Climate-Data.org. Retrieved 17 August 2013. 

External links[edit]